East Africa

947,300 km²



Strongly Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 1,130 recorded species (3rd longest bird list of any country in the ABC region)

Grey-breasted Spurfowl (Tadeusz Rosiński)
Beesley’s Lark (Paul van Giersbergen)
Usambara Eagle-Owl (Pete Morris)

Endemics (E)
Udzungwa Forest Partridge (EN)
Rubeho Forest Partridge (NA)
Grey-breasted Spurfowl (LC)
Pemba Green Pigeon (VU)
Pemba Scops Owl (VU)
Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill (NA)
Fischer’s Lovebird (NT)
Yellow-collared Lovebird (LC)
Reichenow’s Batis (NT)
Uluguru Bushshrike (EN)
Beesley’s Lark (NA)
Uluguru Greenbul (LC)
Yellow-throated Greenbul (LC)
Montane Tiny Greenbul | Usambara Greenbul (NT)
Kilombero Cisticola (NA)
White-tailed Cisticola (NA)
Winifred’s Warbler | Mrs Moreau’s Warbler (NT)
Rubeho Warbler (NA)
South Pare White-eye (NT)
Pemba White-eye (LC)
Usambara Hyliota (EN)
Ashy Starling (LC)
Usambara Thrush (NT)
Rubeho Akalat (EN)
Usambara Akalat (EN)
Iringa Akalat (VU)
Banded Green Sunbird (VU)
Moreau’s Sunbird (NT)
Loveridge’s Sunbird (EN)
Hofmann’s Sunbird (NA)
Pemba Sunbird (LC)
Rufous-winged Sunbird (VU)
Ruvu Weaver (NA)
Kilombero Weaver (VU)
Usambara Weaver (NT)
Kipengere Seedeater | Tanzania Seedeater (LC)

Pemba Scops Owl (Pete Morris)
Ashy Starling (Tadeusz Rosiński)

Near-endemics (NE), including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Shelley’s Greenbul (ESS roehli)
Kretschmer’s Longbill (ESS kretschmeri)
Broad-ringed White-eye | Kilimanjaro White-eye
Spot-throat (ESS stictigula)
Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird
Usambara Double-collared Sunbird
Rufous-tailed Weaver

Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird (Nik Borrow)

Birds best found in Tanzania but occurring more widely (BT), including ESS
Yellow-throated Sandgrouse
Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon
Dark Batis
Green-headed Oriole (amani)
Stripe-faced Greenbul
Churring Cisticola | Njombe Cisticola (ESS njombe)
Karamoja Apalis
Long-billed Forest Warbler | Long-billed Tailorbird (ESS moreaui)
Red-capped Forest Warbler | African Tailorbird (ESS altus)
Mbulu White-eye
Dapple-throat (ESS sanjei + amani)
Swahili Sparrow

Usambara Thrush (Paul van Giersbergen)
Red-capped Forest Warbler (Paul van Giersbergen)
Rufous-winged Sunbird (Pete Morris)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not NE or BT (1/2), including ESS
Sokoke Scops Owl
Usambiro Barbet
Forest Batis | Short-tailed Batis (ESS mixta)
Grey-crested Helmetshrike
Fülleborn’s Boubou (ESS usambaricus)
Red-throated Tit
Athi Short-toed Lark
Mountain Greenbul | Eastern Mountain Greenbul
Tanzanian Illadopsis
Northern Pied Babbler (ESS rufuensis)
Hildebrandt’s Starling
Kenrick’s Starling (ESS kenricki)
Abbott’s Starling
Amani Sunbird
Eastern Double-collared Sunbird
Tsavo Sunbird
Kenya Sparrow | Kenya Rufous Sparrow
Taveta Weaver | Taveta Golden Weaver
Tanzanian Masked Weaver
Jackson’s Widowbird
Sokoke Pipit
Southern Grosbeak Canary

Usambiro Barbet (Tadeusz Rosiński)
Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill (Tadeusz Rosiński)
Amani Sunbird (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Eastern Crested Guineafowl
Hartlaub’s Turaco
Dimorphic Egret
White-headed Mousebird
Mangrove Kingfisher
Böhm’s Bee-eater
Green Tinkerbird
Brown-breasted Barbet
Speckle-throated Woodpecker | Reichenow’s Woodpecker
Mombasa Woodpecker
Taita Falcon
Eastern Black-headed Batis
Three-streaked Tchagra
East Coast Boubou | Zanzibar Boubou
Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike
Long-tailed Fiscal
Cinnamon-breasted Tit (pallidiventris)
Fischer’s Sparrow-Lark
Pink-breasted Lark
Red-winged Lark
Fischer’s Greenbul
Lowland Tiny Greenbul | Tiny Greenbul
Little Yellow Flycatcher | Yellow Flycatcher
Hunter’s Cisticola
Black-lored Cisticola
Lynes’s Cisticola
Coastal Cisticola
White-winged Apalis
Kungwe Apalis
Scaly Chatterer (ESS mentalis)
Fischer’s Starling
White-chested Alethe
Olive-flanked Ground Robin | Olive-flanked Robin-Chat
Plain-backed Sunbird (yokanae)
Golden-winged Sunbird
Forest Double-collared Sunbird
Black-bellied Sunbird
Black Bishop (friederichseni)
Montane Widowbird | Buff-shouldered Widowbird
Red-cowled Widowbird (suahelicus)
Grey-headed Silverbill
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu
Pangani Longclaw
Rosy-throated Longclaw

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Kirk’s Francolin
Crawshay’s Francolin
Schuett’s Spurfowl
Cranch’s Spurfowl (B2)
Abyssinian Nightjar
Usambara Nightjar (E)
Rwenzori Nightjar
Black-faced Go-away-bird
Eastern Black-billed Turaco
Reichenow’s Turaco (BT)
Grey-breasted Green Pigeon
Usambara Eagle-Owl (E)
Scheffler’s Owlet (B2)
Ngami Owlet
Grey-headed Barbet
White-lined Barbet (E)
Woodwards’ Barbet (1/2)
Coastal Tinkerbird (1/2)
Northern Red-fronted Tinkerbird
Eastern Yellow-spotted Barbet
Streaky-throated Barbet
Yellow-cheeked Barbet (E)
White-faced Barbet
Emin’s Barbet (E)
Northern Olive Woodpecker (ESS kilimensis + ruwenzori)
Grey-headed Parrot
East African Pitta
Four-colored Bushshrike
Southern Rosy-patched Bushshrike (1/2)
Anchieta’s Tchagra
East Coast Puffback (B2)
Uhehe Fiscal (E)
Usambara Drongo (E)
Buff-bellied Penduline Tit (BT)
Singing Bush Lark
Eastern Crombec
African Reed Warbler
Rufous-crowned Cisticola
Tawny-breasted Camaroptera
White-winged Scrub Robin
East Coast Flycatcher (B2)
Mbulu Ground Robin | Mbulu Robin-Chat (E)
Northern Olive-flanked Ground Robin | Olive-flanked Robin-Chat (ESS grotei)
Southern Olive-flanked Ground Robin | Rusty-flanked Robin-Chat
Yellow-breasted Forest Robin
Nguru Akalat (E)
Schalow’s Wheatear (1/2)
Gorgeous Sunbird (BT)
Reichenow’s Weaver (B2)
Stuhlmann’s Weaver (ESS sharpii)
Central Red Bishop
Red-backed Mannikin
Spectacled Quailfinch
Black-chinned Quailfinch
Usambara Bluebill (E)

Other taxa of interest, including more ESS
Common Ostrich (massaicus)
African Pygmy Goose
Vulturine Guineafowl
Ring-necked Francolin
Hildebrandt’s Spurfowl
Scaly Spurfowl (ESS usambarae + uzungwensis)
Yellow-necked Spurfowl
Sombre Nightjar
Donaldson-Smith’s Nightjar
Slender-tailed Nightjar
Scarce Swift
Böhm’s Spinetail | Bat-like Spinetail
Nyanza Swift
White-bellied Go-away-bird
Eastern Plantain-eater
Ross’s Turaco
Schalow’s Turaco (ESS chalcolophus)
Fischer’s Turaco (ESS zanzibaricus)
Denham’s Bustard
Buff-crested Bustard
Hartlaub’s Bustard
Coppery-tailed Coucal
Blue Malkoha | Chattering Yellowbill
Green Malkoha | Whistling Yellowbill
Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo (patulus)
Black-faced Sandgrouse
Dusky Turtle Dove
Grey Crowned Crane
Long-toed Lapwing
Black-winged Lapwing
Brown-chested Lapwing
Chestnut-banded Plover
Greater Painted-snipe
African Snipe
Double-banded Courser
Madagascar Pratincole
Brown Noddy
African Skimmer
Sooty Gull
Saunders’s Tern
Bridled Tern
Sooty Tern
Roseate Tern
White-cheeked Tern
Masked Booby
Olive Ibis (akeleyorum)
White-backed Night Heron
Malagasy Pond Heron
Rufous-bellied Heron
Southern Banded Snake Eagle
Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle
African Goshawk (pembaensis)
Eastern Chanting Goshawk
Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk
Mountain Buzzard
African Grass Owl
Blue-naped Mousebird (ESS massaicus)
Red-faced Mousebird
Bar-tailed Trogon
White-headed Wood Hoopoe
Abyssinian Scimitarbill
Southern Ground Hornbill
Northern Red-billed Hornbill
Von der Decken’s Hornbill
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill
Pale-billed Hornbill
Trumpeter Hornbill
Silvery-cheeked Hornbill
Racket-tailed Roller
Half-collared Kingfisher
Blue-breasted Bee-eater
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater
Olive Bee-eater | Madagascar Bee-eater
Northern Carmine Bee-eater
Southern Carmine Bee-eater
White-eared Barbet (kilimensis)
Whyte’s Barbet
Green Barbet (ESS howelli)
Moustached Tinkerbird
Red-fronted Barbet
Miombo Pied Barbet
Spot-flanked Barbet
White-headed Barbet (ESS lynesi)
Red-faced Barbet
Black-billed Barbet
Crested Barbet
Red-and-yellow Barbet
D’Arnaud’s Barbet (boehmi)
Pallid Honeyguide
Bennett’s Woodpecker
Nubian Woodpecker
Little Spotted Woodpecker | Green-backed Woodpecker
Fine-banded Woodpecker
Stierling’s Woodpecker
Eastern Grey Woodpecker
Brown-backed Woodpecker (ESS crateri)
Pygmy Falcon
Dickinson’s Kestrel
Red-fronted Parrot (massaicus)
Brown-headed Parrot (tanganyikae)
Red-bellied Parrot | African Orange-bellied Parrot
Lilian’s Lovebird | Nyasa Lovebird
African Broadbill
Pale Batis | East Coast Batis
Pygmy Batis
Black-throated Wattle-eye
Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye (ESS kungwensis)
Black-fronted Bushshrike
Marsh Tchagra (reichenowi)
Pink-footed Puffback (ESS kungwensis)
Pringle’s Puffback
Slate-colored Boubou
Papyrus Gonolek
Black-headed Gonolek
Retz’s Helmetshrike
Black-and-white Shrike-flycatcher (changamwensis)
Purple-throated Cuckooshrike (ESS muenzneri)
Magpie Shrike (aequatorialis)
Northern White-crowned Shrike | White-rumped Shrike
Souza’s Shrike (burigi)
Mackinnon’s Shrike
Grey-backed Fiscal (boehmi)
Taita Fiscal
Mountain Oriole
Common Square-tailed Drongo (muenzneri)
Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher | African Crested Flycatcher
White-necked Raven
White-tailed Blue Flycatcher
White-tailed Crested Flycatcher (ESS subcaerulea)
White-winged Black Tit
White-bellied Tit
Acacia Tit | Somali Tit
Miombo Tit
Mouse-colored Penduline Tit
Western Nicator
Eastern Nicator
Dusky Lark
Foxy Lark
Angola Lark
Melodious Lark
Friedmann’s Lark
White-tailed Lark
Short-tailed Lark
Sombre Greenbul
Kakamega Greenbul (kungwensis)
Black-browed Greenbul
Olive-headed Greenbul
Red-tailed Greenbul
Little Greenbul (ESS zanzibarica)
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul (ESS australis)
Northern Brownbul
Grey-olive Greenbul
Cabanis’s Greenbul
Placid Greenbul
Red-tailed Leaflove
Yellow-streaked Greenbul (uzungwensis + kungwensis)
Sharpe’s Greenbul
Dodson’s Bulbul
Angola Swallow
Blue Swallow
Red-faced Crombec
Long-billed Crombec | Cape Crombec
Somali Crombec
White-browed Crombec
Livingstone’s Flycatcher
Yellow-throated Woodland Warbler (ESS ochrogularis)
Brown Woodland Warbler (ESS fugglescouchmani)
Laura’s Woodland Warbler
Mountain Yellow Warbler
Bamboo Warbler (kungwensis)
Evergreen Forest Warbler
Cinnamon Bracken Warbler
White-winged Swamp Warbler
Highland Rush Warbler
Trilling Cisticola
Lazy Cisticola
Rock-loving Cisticola
Rattling Cisticola (ESS fischeri + keithi + mbeya)
Ashy Cisticola
Wailing Cisticola
Chirping Cisticola
Carruthers’s Cisticola
Levaillant’s Cisticola
Tiny Cisticola
Neddicky | Piping Cisticola
Long-tailed Cisticola | Tabora Cisticola
Pectoral-patch Cisticola
Pale-crowned Cisticola
Wing-snapping Cisticola | Ayres’s Cisticola
Red-fronted Prinia
White-chinned Prinia
Buff-bellied Warbler
Bar-throated Apalis (ESS uluguru + pareensis)
Brown-tailed Apalis
Black-throated Apalis
Black-headed Apalis (ESS muhuluensis)
Chestnut-throated Apalis
Chapin’s Apalis (ESS chapini)
Grey Apalis
Brown-headed Apalis
Grey-capped Warbler
Grey Wren-Warbler
Miombo Wren-Warbler
Stierling’s Wren-Warbler
Green-capped Eremomela
Black-necked Eremomela
African Hill Babbler (ESS stierlingi)
Banded Parisoma
Brown Parisoma (ESS clara)
Pale White-eye | Kenya White-eye
Brown Illadopsis
Mountain Illadopsis
Rufous Chatterer (ESS emini)
Hartlaub’s Babbler
Black-lored Babbler
African Spotted Creeper
Yellow-bellied Hyliota
Black-bellied Starling (ESS vaughani)
Miombo Blue-eared Starling
Rüppell’s Starling
Golden-breasted Starling
Sharp-tailed Starling
Superb Starling
Slender-billed Starling
Waller’s Starling
Stuhlmann’s Starling
Sharpe’s Starling
Babbling Starling
Yellow-billed Oxpecker
Red-billed Oxpecker
Red-tailed Ant Thrush (rufus)
Spotted Ground Thrush
Abyssinian Ground Thrush (ESS rowei)
Orange Ground Thrush
Groundscraper Thrush
Abyssinian Thrush (ESS deckeni + oldeani)
Kurrichane Thrush
Bare-eyed Thrush
Bearded Scrub Robin (ESS greenwayi)
Miombo Scrub Robin
Brown-backed Scrub Robin
White-browed Scrub Robin (ESS sclateri)
Grey Tit-Flycatcher
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher
African Grey Flycatcher
Swamp Flycatcher
African Dusky Flycatcher (ESS fuelleborni)
Böhm’s Flycatcher
Brown-chested Alethe (ESS kungwensis)
Rüppell’s Robin-Chat
Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat
Swynnerton’s Robin (ESS rodgersi)
White-starred Robin (ESS guttifer)
Short-tailed Akalat | Alexander’s Akalat (ESS kungwensis)
Bocage’s Akalat (ESS ilyai)
Sharpe’s Akalat (ESS usambarae)
East Coast Akalat (ESS alticola)
Collared Palm Thrush
Spotted Palm Thrush | Spotted Morning Thrush
Miombo Rock Thrush
Little Rock Thrush
Moorland Chat | Alpine Chat (ESS olimotiensis + hypospodia)
Sooty Chat
Anteater Chat | Northern Anteater Chat (cryptoleuca)
Arnot’s Chat
Ruaha Chat
Capped Wheatear
Anchieta’s Sunbird
Western Violet-backed Sunbird
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird
Olive Sunbird (ESS granti)
Grey Sunbird | Mouse-coloured Sunbird (ESS zanzibarica)
Hunter’s Sunbird
Tacazze Sunbird
Bronzy Sunbird
Malachite Sunbird
Scarlet-tufted Sunbird
Olive-bellied Sunbird
Eastern Miombo Sunbird
Western Miombo Sunbird
Whyte’s Double-collared Sunbird (ESS skye)
Regal Sunbird (ESS anderseni)
Shelley’s Sunbird
Red-chested Sunbird
Purple-banded Sunbird
Oustalet’s Sunbird
White-bellied Sunbird
Yellow-spotted Bush Sparrow
Yellow-throated Bush Sparrow
Chestnut Sparrow
Parrot-billed Sparrow
Southern Grey-headed Sparrow
Red-billed Buffalo Weaver
White-headed Buffalo Weaver
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Weaver
Grey-capped Social Weaver (ESS dorsalis)
Black-capped Social Weaver
Speckle-fronted Weaver
Bertram’s Weaver
Slender-billed Weaver
Black-necked Weaver
Eastern Golden Weaver | African Golden Weaver (aureoflavus)
Northern Brown-throated Weaver
Southern Brown-throated Weaver
Speke’s Weaver
Vieillot’s Black Weaver
Black-headed Weaver | Yellow-backed Weaver
Golden-backed Weaver
Chestnut Weaver
Dark-backed Weaver | Forest Weaver
Olive-headed Weaver
Brown-capped Weaver
Cardinal Quelea
Zanzibar Red Bishop
Fire-fronted Bishop
Yellow-mantled Widowbird (ESS conradsi)
Marsh Widowbird
Red-collared Widowbird
African Silverbill
Yellow-bellied Waxbill
Green Twinspot
Abyssinian Crimsonwing
Red-faced Crimsonwing
Grey-headed Nigrita (ESS candidus)
Black-cheeked Waxbill
Black-faced Waxbill
Grey Waxbill | Black-tailed Waxbill
Fawn-breasted Waxbill (ESS marwitzi)
Crimson-rumped Waxbill
Locust Finch
Cut-throat Finch
Purple Grenadier
Blue Waxbill | Southern Cordon-bleu
Lesser Seedcracker
Black-bellied Seedcracker
Red-throated Twinspot | Peters’s Twinspot
Jameson’s Firefinch
Brown Firefinch
Purple Indigobird
Dusky Indigobird
Zambezi Indigobird | Green Indigobird
Steel-blue Whydah
Straw-tailed Whydah
Long-tailed Paradise Whydah | Eastern Paradise Whydah
Broad-tailed Paradise Whydah
Cuckoo-finch | Parasitic Weaver
Golden Pipit
Fülleborn’s Longclaw (fuelleborni)
Wood Pipit | Woodland Pipit
Buffy Pipit
Striped Pipit
Short-tailed Pipit
Bushveld Pipit | Bush Pipit (blayneyi)
Oriole Finch
Western Citril
Southern Citril | East African Citril
Black-throated Canary
Reichenow’s Seedeater | Kenya Yellow-rumped Seedeater
White-bellied Canary
Reichard’s Seedeater
Black-eared Seedeater
Thick-billed Seedeater
Streaky Seedeater
Yellow-browed Seedeater
Somali Bunting
Cabanis’s Bunting

Montane forest and grassland, swamps, savannas, miombo woodland, lowland forest

Albertine Rift mountains Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
East African coastal forests EBA
Kenyan mountains EBA
Kilombero floodplain EBA
Pemba EBA
Serengeti plains EBA
Tanzania – Malawi mountains EBA
Dry woodlands west of Lake Victoria Secondary Area (SA)
Southwest Tanzanian swamps SA
80 Important Bird Areas

Usambara, Uluguru, Rubeho, Udzungwa and other Eastern Arc Mountains, Kilimanjaro National Park (NP), Mount Meru (Arusha NP), Crater Highlands (Ngorongoro Conservation Area), Mbulu Highlands, Southern Highlands (Kitulo NP) and Mahale Mountains NP for montane species
Serengeti NP, Tarangire NP, Mkomazi NP and Ruaha NP for savanna species
Mikumi NP, Selous Game Reserve/Nyerere NP, Ugalla River NP and Katavi NP for miombo woodland species
Minziro Forest Reserve for lowland forest species, including Latham’s Francolin, Great Blue Turaco, Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Afep Pigeon, White-spotted Flufftail, Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Double-toothed Barbet, Least Honeyguide, Buff-spotted Woodpecker, Brown-eared Woodpecker, Grey Parrot, Red-headed Lovebird, Western Black-headed Batis, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Jameson’s Wattle-eye, African Shrike-flycatcher, Western Oriole, Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, African Blue Flycatcher, Dusky Crested Flycatcher, Red-tailed Bristlebill, Yellow-eyed Bristlebill, Spotted Greenbul, Little Grey Greenbul, Xavier’s Greenbul, Toro Olive Greenbul, Yellow Longbill, Grey Longbill, Green Crombec, Green Hylia, Chubb’s Cisticola, Lowland Masked Apalis, Buff-throated Apalis, Black-faced Rufous Warbler, Green White-eye, Pale-breasted Illadopsis, Scaly-breasted Illadopsis, Fraser’s Rufous Thrush, White-tailed Ant Thrush, Fire-crested Alethe, Grey-throated Tit-Flycatcher, Grey-winged Robin-Chat, Lowland Akalat, Splendid Starling, Grey-headed Sunbird, Grey-chinned Sunbird, Blue-throated Brown Sunbird, Superb Sunbird, Orange Weaver, Weyns’s Weaver, Compact Weaver, Red-headed Malimbe, White-collared Oliveback and Black-crowned Waxbill
Malagarasi-Moyowosi Ramsar Site for Wattled Crane and Shoebill
Also Pemba Island (Ngezi Forest Reserve), Kilombero Valley and Engikaret Lark Plains

TIMING (Apr, Sep–Oct)
The north-west is best during the rains (Feb–May), when most birds breed
The mountains are best before the rains (Sep–Oct)
Avoid the main rains in the mountains (Nov–May)

Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)
eGuide to Birds of East Africa

Field guides
Birds of East Africa by Terry Stevenson & John Fanshawe (2020)
Birds of Eastern Africa by Ber Van Perlo (2009)
Kiongozi cha Ndege wa Tanzania by Maria A Mbilinyi, Furaha A Mbilinyi & Liz Baker (2007) is a pictorial guide to 291 bird species found in Tanzania written in Swahili and illustrated by Katie Boswell
Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania by Dale A Zimmerman, Donald A Turner & David J Pearson (2005) effectively covers some 90% of bird species known from Tanzania as a whole
Birds of the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Conservation Area by Adam Scott Kennedy (2014)
Pocket Guide Birds of East Africa by Dave Richards (2016)
Collins Traveller’s Guide to Wildlife of Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda by David Hosking & Martin Withers (2007) is a pocket-sized photographic guide covering over 475 commonly-seen species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, trees and flowers

The Bird Song of Kenya and Tanzania: an Introductory Aid to Identification by John Hammick

Site guides
Birding around Arusha by James Wolstencroft (2006)
Birding in the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania by Eddie Williams (1997)
Birding in and around the East Usambaras, north-east Tanzania by Tom Evans, Alan Tye, Norbert Cordeiro & Nathalie Seddon (1997)

Tanzania Bird Atlas

Further reading
Tanzania by Neil E Baker & Liz M Baker in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Important Bird Areas in Tanzania: a First Inventory by Neil & Elizabeth Baker (2002)
Birds of Dar es Salaam: Common Birds of Coastal East Africa by Gudrun Wium-Andersen & Fiona Reid (2000)
Birds, Butterflies and Flowers of Mikumi National Park/Ndege, Vipepeo na Maua wa Hifadhi ya Taifa ya Mikumi by Alexandra Boswell, Leah Collett, Furaha Mbilinyi, Maria Mbilinyi & Colin Watkins (2010)
Udzungwa: Tales of Discovery in an East African Rainforest edited by Nikolaj Scharff, Francesco Rovero, Flemming Pagh Jensen & Steffen Brøgger-Jensen (2015)
Community-based Conservation in Tanzania edited by N Leader-Williams, J A Kayera & G L Overton (2011)
The Live Bird Trade in Tanzania edited by N Leader-Williams and R K Tibanyenda (2004)
Checklist of the Birds of Selous Game Reserve by Neil Stronach (2003)
Waterbird Count of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, Tanzania, January 1998 edited by Rienk Geene (2001)
Tanzania Waterbird Count: the First Coordinated Count on the Major Wetlands of Tanzania, January 1995 compiled by Neil E Baker (1997)
A Biological and Human Impact Survey of the Lowland Forests, East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania by T D Evans, M Hague, A Hipkiss, J Kiure, A Makange, A Perkin, R Timmins & L Watson (1994)
A Wildlife Survey of the East Usambara and Ukaguru Mountains, Tanzania: the Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, Butterflies, Fishes and Mammals edited by Tom D Evans & Guy Q A Anderson (1992)
Kamusi ya Ndege wa Tanzania by Musa Maimu (1982) is a glossary of birds of Tanzania written in Swahili
The Birds of the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania: an Annotated Checklist by Dieter Schmidl (1982)
The Birds of Zanzibar and Pemba: an Annotated Checklist by R H W Pakenham (1979)
Birds of East Africa: Their Habitat, Status and Distribution edited by P L Britton (1980)
The Breeding Seasons of East African Birds by L H Brown & P L Britton (1980)
Articles in Scopus, Journal of East African Natural History, Bull. ABC, Kolokolo (Newsletter of Nature Tanzania), Miombo (Newsletter of WCST), The Arc Journal (Newsletter of TFCG), etc.

Tanzanian Birds and Butterflies
Tanzania Birds by Philip Stouffer
Coastal Forests of Kenya and Tanzania
UNESCO World Heritage List: Kilimanjaro National Park, Selous Game Reserve, Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Vagrant Mind: the Joys of Natural History by James Wolstencroft
Tanzania 2019-21 by Bukoba Steve
The Ruaha Notes: Birding in Ruaha (1994-2020) by Sue Stolberger
Safari Ecology (2011-2013) by Colin Beale & Ethan Kinsey
TZ Bird Atlas Blog (2009-2012) by Stein Nilsen
Tanzania – Africa at its Best – 10,000 Birds (2011) by Adam Riley
Birding Tanzania (2010-2011) by Derek Kverno

Facebook groups
Birding Tanzania is about everything birding in Tanzania, recent sightings, photos and general birding news
Tanzania Birders Community is a community organisation on Facebook
Images4Africa is a photo gallery of Riaan Marais


Nature Tanzania is the BirdLife Partner in Tanzania

The Ringing Scheme of Eastern Africa coordinates and promotes bird ringing (banding) throughout the East African region and beyond through issuing of rings to qualified ringers, curating ringing data and tracking ring recoveries

The East African Rarities Committee assesses records of new and very rare birds occurring in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

Other bird or conservation organisations active in Tanzania include –
Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania (WCST)
Zanzibar Birdwatching Society (ZABISO)
Attraction Birds Conservation
Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG)
Eastern Arc Mountains Conservation Endowment Fund (EAMCEF)
Tanzania Environmental Conservation Society (TECOSO)
Maasai Pastoralists Development Organisation (MPDO-LARETO)
Gezaulole Cultural Tourism Group
Youth Vision of Kigamboni
Mvikubou Site Support Group (SSG)
Mvikuki SSG
Tongwe Trust
Friends of Usambara Society (FoU)
African Rainforest Conservancy (ARC)
Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)
Blue Ventures
Grumeti Fund
Dorobo Fund
PAMS Foundation
African People & Wildlife
Association pour le Développement des Aires Protégées (ADAP)
Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS)
Fauna & Flora International (FFI)
WWF Tanzania
WCS Tanzania
The Nature Conservancy (TNC)

The College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM), Mweka, is the leading institution in professional and technical training in wildlife and tourism management

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