Eswatini

SUB-REGION
Southern Africa

SIZE
17,360 km²

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Mostly Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 480 recorded species

Blue Swallow (Kevin Ravno)
Cape Rock Thrush (Kevin Ravno)
Buff-streaked Chat (Kevin Ravno)

Taxa of interest
Red-winged Francolin (levaillantii)
Grey-winged Francolin
Knysna Turaco
Striped Flufftail
Southern Bald Ibis
Ground Woodpecker
Drakensberg Rockjumper
Eastern Long-billed Lark
Cape Grassbird
Drakensberg Prinia
Bush Blackcap
Blue Swallow
Chorister Robin-Chat
Cape Rock Thrush
Sentinel Rock Thrush
Buff-streaked Chat
Gurney’s Sugarbird
Forest Canary

Southern Bald Ibis (Kevin Ravno)

National bird
Purple-crested Turaco | Ligwalagwala

MAIN HABITATS
Montane grassland, montane forest, savanna

BIRD AREAS
South African forests Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
South-east African coast EBA
3 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Malolotja Nature Reserve for montane species
Hlane Game Reserve for lowland species

TIMING (Nov–Jan)
Best at the start of the rains, when most birds breed
Highland areas are unproductive in winter (May–Aug)

RESOURCES (see also South Africa)
Apps
Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)
Roberts Bird Guide 2
Sasol eBirds Southern Africa

Field guides
Sasol Birds of Southern Africa by Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey, Warwick Tarboton, Niall Perrins, Dominic Rollinson & Peter Ryan (2020)

Sounds
Southern African Bird Sounds by Guy Gibbon

Site guides
Southern African Birdfinder by Callan Cohen, Claire Spottiswoode & Jonathan Rossouw (2006)

Atlases
Southern African Bird Atlas Project 2 (SABAP2), a member of the African Bird Atlas Project
Swaziland Bird Atlas 1985-1991 by Vincent Parker (1994)

Further reading
Roberts – Birds of Southern Africa edited by P A R Hockey, W R J Dean & P G Ryan (2005)
The 2015 Eskom Red Data Book of Birds of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland edited by Martin R Taylor, Faansie Peacock & Ross M Wanless (2015)
Birds of the Malolotja Nature Reserve, Swaziland by Richard Boycott & Vincent Parker (2003)
Swaziland by Keith Barnes & Ara Monadjem in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Articles in Ostrich, Bull. ABC, etc.

Websites
Eswatini’s Birds Database contains detailed information and distributions

Facebook groups
Eswatini Birding Spectacular
Birding in the Kingdom of Eswatini

ORGANISATIONS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Eswatini

Eswatini National Trust Commission (ENTC) is the parastatal organisation responsible for the conservation of the country’s cultural and natural heritage

Other bird or conservation organisations active in Eswatini include –
Yonge Nawe Environmental Action Group (YNEAG)
Peace Parks Foundation: Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area

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