ليبيا | Libya | Libye

SUB-REGION
North Africa

SIZE
1,759,540 km² (4th largest country in Africa)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity

Mostly Palaearctic avifauna, including many non-breeding migrants, passage migrants and vagrants
Approximately 320 recorded species, of which only about 100 breed

Proposed splits not yet accepted by IOC, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Cyrenaic Partridge (barbata)
North African Buzzard (cirtensis)
Desert Grey Shrike (algeriensis/elegans)
Libyan Blue Tit (ESS cyrenaicae)
Saharan Scrub Warbler (saharae)
Saharan Olivaceous Warbler (reiseri)
African (Barbary) Reed Warbler (ambiguus)
Atlas Chaffinch (ESS harterti)
Tunisian Chaffinch (spodiogenys)

Desert Sparrow (Paul van Giersbergen)
Lesser Crested Tern (Hichem Azafzaf)
Thick-billed Lark (Adam Riley)

Other taxa of interest, including ESS
Marbled Duck | Marbled Teal
Egyptian Nightjar
Alpine Swift (tuneti)
Pallid Swift (brehmorum)
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse
Spotted Sandgrouse
Black-bellied Sandgrouse
Crowned Sandgrouse
European Turtle Dove (arenicola/rufescens)
Eurasian Collared Dove
Laughing Dove (phoenicophila)
Eurasian Stone-curlew (saharae)
Kentish Plover
Cream-colored Courser
Slender-billed Gull
Audouin’s Gull
Lesser Crested Tern (emigratus)
Little Tern
European Shag (desmarestii)
Little Owl (saharae)
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl
Sooty Falcon
Lanner Falcon (tanypterus)
Brown-necked Raven
Northern Raven (tingitanus)
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (alaudipes)
Thick-billed Lark
Desert Lark (algeriensis + whitakeri)
Bar-tailed Lark (arenicolor)
Thekla’s Lark (carolinae)
Crested Lark (ESS festae)
Temminck’s Lark
Greater Short-toed Lark (rubiginosa)
Calandra Lark
Dupont’s Lark (margaritae)
Mediterranean Short-toed Lark (minor)
Eurasian Crag Martin
Pale Crag Martin | Pale Rock Martin (spatzi)
Common Reed Warbler (ammon)
Western Orphean Warbler (ESS cyrenaicae)
African Desert Warbler
Sardinian Warbler
Spectacled Warbler
Fulvous Babbler | Fulvous Chatterer
Eurasian Wren (ESS juniperi)
Black Redstart
Moussier’s Redstart
Desert Wheatear (homochroa)
Western Black-eared Wheatear
Red-rumped Wheatear | Buff-rumped Wheatear
Black Wheatear (riggenbachi)
White-crowned Wheatear
Maghreb Wheatear
Desert Sparrow
Trumpeter Finch (zedlitzi)
House Bunting

MAIN HABITATS
Desert, coastal wetlands, remnant montane woodland

BIRD AREAS
9 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Jebel Akhdar for Libyan Blue Tit and other montane species
Zallaf and Ghat Oases for desert species

TIMING (Feb–Apr)
Best in spring, after the rains and before it gets too hot
There are also many migrants passing through at this time
Avoid the hot, dry season (Jun–Sep)

RESOURCES
Apps
Collins Bird Guide

Field guides
Collins Bird Guide by Lars Svensson, Killian Mullarney & Dan Zetterström (2022)

Sounds
Bird Songs of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East by Andreas Schulze & Karl-Heinz Dingler
Bird Sounds of Europe & North-west Africa by Jean C Roché & Jérôme Chevereau

Atlases
Atlas of Wintering Waterbirds of Libya 2005-2010

Further reading
Oiseaux de Libye/Birds of Libya by Paul Isenmann, Jens Hering, Stefan Brehme, Mohamed Essghaier, Khaled Etayeb, Essam Bouras & Hichem Azafzaf (2016)
Birds of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East: an Annotated Checklist by Dominic Mitchell (2017)
The Birds of Libya: an Annotated Checklist by Graham Bundy (1976)
Libya by Peter Robertson & Mohamed Essghaier in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
International Waterbird Census: Libya 2009-2018 by Khaled Etayeb (2021)
Ornithological Survey of the Coast of Libya, July 1993 by P L Meininger, P A Wolf, D A Hadoud & M F A Essghaier (1994)
Articles in Alauda, Bull. ABC, etc.

Websites
Libya – North African Birds/Oiseaux d’Afrique du Nord

Blogs
Birding for a Lark by Robert Tovey

ORGANISATIONS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Libya

Bird or conservation organisations active in Libya include –
Libyan Society for Birds (LSB)
Libyan Organisation for Conservation of Nature (LOCN)
Libyan Wildlife Trust (LWT)
Alhaya Organization for the Protection of Wildlife and Marine Organisms (ALOPWMO)
The New Libya (TNL)
Tour du Valat

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