Zimbabwe

SUB-REGION
Southern Africa

SIZE
390,760 km²

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 670 recorded species

Swynnerton’s Robin (Pete Morris)
Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Boulder Chat (Paul van Giersbergen)

Near-endemics (NE)
Boulder Chat

Birds best found in Zimbabwe but occurring more widely (BT)
Streaky-breasted Flufftail
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul
Roberts’s Warbler
Chirinda Apalis
Swynnerton’s Robin (swynnertoni)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not NE or BT (1/2)
Melodious Lark
Cape Longclaw

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Natal Spurfowl
Cinnamon-breasted Tit (stenotopicus)
Cape Grassbird (excisus)
Barratt’s Warbler (priesti)
Gurney’s Sugarbird (ardens)
Olive Thrush (swynnertoni)
Lesser Seedcracker
Streaky-headed Seedeater
Cape Canary (griseitergum)

Proposed splits not yet accepted by IOC
Chestnut-breasted Flufftail (BT)
Northern Olive Woodpecker
East African Pitta
Eastern Saw-wing (B2)

Striped Crake (Adam Riley)
Silvery-cheeked Hornbill (Adam Riley)

Other taxa of interest, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
White-backed Duck
Shelley’s Francolin
Red-billed Spurfowl
Red-necked Spurfowl (swynnertoni)
Swainson’s Spurfowl
Abdim’s Stork
Verreaux’s Eagle
Little Sparrowhawk
Red-crested Korhaan
African Finfoot
Striped Crake
Lesser Moorhen
Striped Flufftail
Mottled Swift (ESS gelidus)
African Black Swift (oreobates)
Bradfield’s Hornbill
Silvery-cheeked Hornbill
Whyte’s Barbet
Dickinson’s Kestrel
Lilian’s Lovebird | Nyasa Lovebird
Cape Batis (ESS kennedyi + erythrophthalma)
Olive Bushshrike (interfluvius)
Bokmakierie (restrictus)
Tropical Boubou (limpopoensis)
White-tailed Crested Flycatcher (swynnertoni)
White-necked Raven
Miombo Tit
Dusky Lark
Monotonous Lark
Blue Swallow
Yellow-throated Woodland Warbler (alacris)
Lazy Cisticola
Tinkling Cisticola (ESS vicinior)
Wailing Cisticola (mashona)
Bar-throated Apalis (quarta + arnoldi)
Southern Hyliota (australis)
African Spotted Creeper (xylodromus)
Miombo Blue-eared Starling
Orange Ground Thrush (disruptans)
White-throated Robin-Chat
Collared Palm Thrush
Eastern Miombo Sunbird
Red-throated Twinspot (niveoguttatus)
Jameson’s Firefinch
Purple Indigobird
Zambezi Indigobird
Rosy-breasted Longclaw
Wood Pipit (frondicolus)
Lemon-breasted Canary
Black-eared Seedeater
Cape Bunting (smithersii)

White-tailed Crested Flycatcher (Kevin Ravno)
Striped Flufftail (Kevin Ravno)

National bird
African Fish Eagle | Hungwe | Ikhozi

MAIN HABITATS
Montane forest, upland marshes, miombo woodland

BIRD AREAS
Eastern Zimbabwe mountains Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
South-east African coast EBA
20 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Vumba and Nyanga mountains for montane species
Harare marshes for wetland species
Gosha Park for miombo species
Hwange National Park for savanna species

TIMING (Oct, Jan–Feb)
Best just before the rains when most miombo birds breed (Sep–Nov)
Streaky-breasted Flufftail and indigobirds are best Jan–Feb
Mid-winter (May–Aug) is least productive

RESOURCES (see also South Africa)
Apps
Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)
Roberts Bird Guide 2
Sasol eBirds Southern Africa

Field guides
Sasol Birds of Southern Africa by Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey, Warwick Tarboton, Niall Perrins, Dominic Rollinson & Peter Ryan (2020)
Hwange Birds: a Guide to the Common Birds of Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe by Peter Steyn (1989)

Sounds
Southern African Bird Sounds by Guy Gibbon

Site guides
Southern African Birdfinder by Callan Cohen, Claire Spottiswoode & Jonathan Rossouw (2006)
Birdwatch Zimbabwe by Derek Solomon & Jacko Williams (1991)
A Birders’ Guide to Zimbabwe by Dave Sargeant (1992)
A Productive Birding Transect from Highland Zimbabwe to Coastal Mozambique by Chris Lotz (2012)

Atlases
Southern African Bird Atlas Project 2 (SABAP2), a member of the African Bird Atlas Project

Further reading
Roberts – Birds of Southern Africa edited by P A R Hockey, W R J Dean & P G Ryan (2005)
Zimbabwe by Susan L Childes & Peter J Mundy in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Birds of the Botanic Garden, Harare, Zimbabwe by A J Beasley (1995)
The Birds of Zimbabwe by Michael P Stuart Irwin (1981)
Articles in Honeyguide (Journal of Zimbabwean and Regional Ornithology), The Babbler (Newsletter of BirdLife Zimbabwe), Arnoldia Zimbabwe and Ifa Lemvelo (Journal and Newsletter of the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe),The Wagtail (Peterhouse Bird Club Newsletter), Bull. ABC, etc.

Websites
UNESCO World Heritage List: Mana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas and Victoria Falls

Facebook groups
Everyday Birds – Zimbabwe is a non-partisan group to share everyday Zimbabwean birding experiences and to keep birders in the loop with events, Birdlife Zimbabwe outings and other birding occasions

ORGANISATIONS

BirdLife Zimbabwe (BLZ), formerly the Ornithological Society of Zimbabwe, is the BirdLife Partner in Zimbabwe

Other bird or conservation organisations active in Zimbabwe include –
Wildlife and Environment Zimbabwe (WEZ)
The Zambezi Society
Victoria Falls Wildlife Trust
Friends of Hwange (FOH)
Conservation & Wildlife Fund (CWF)
BirdLife Youth Club Zimbabwe
Mat’land Chirpers
Conservation Society of Monavale (COSMO)
Bvumba Highlands Site Support Group (SSG)
Chimanimani SSG
Chinyaure SSG
Chipisa SSG
Markdale SSG
Nyanga SSG
Environment Africa
Biodiversity Foundation for Africa (BFA)
The Malilangwe Trust
The Bhejane Trust
Gonarezhou Conservation Trust/Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS)
African Parks: Matusadona National Park
Peace Parks Foundation: Lower Zambezi-Mana Pools Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA), Kavango Zambezi (KAZA) TFCA, Greater Mapungubwe TFCA and Great Limpopo TFCA
WWF Zimbabwe

The Ornithology Department, Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe has the largest collection of bird skins in Africa

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