السودان | Sudan

SUB-REGION
North-East Africa

SIZE
1,861,480 km² (3rd largest country in Africa)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Palaearctic and Afrotropical elements in the avifauna
Approximately 630 recorded species

Arabian Bustard (Tasso Leventis)
Erckel’s Spurfowl (Paul van Giersbergen)
Cinnamon Weaver (Tom Jenner)

Birds best found in Sudan but occurring more widely (BT)
White-headed Babbler
Cinnamon Weaver

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics or BT (1/2)
Kordofan Rufous Sparrow

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2), including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Rusty Bush Lark (ESS lynesi)

Proposed split not yet accepted by IOC
Arabian Grey Shrike (ESS jebelmarrae)

Other taxa of interest, including more ESS
Sand Partridge
Clapperton’s Francolin (ESS koenigseggi)
Erckel’s Francolin
Arabian Bustard (ESS butleri)
Nubian Bustard
Savile’s Bustard
Little Owl (spilogastra)
Nubian Nightjar (ESS nubicus)
Golden Nightjar (ESS eximius)
Long-tailed Nightjar (ESS nigricans)
Mottled Swift (ESS furensis)
Vieillot’s Barbet (vieilloti)
African Green Bee-eater (flavoviridis)
Grey-headed Batis (ESS lynesi)
Rosy-patched Bushshrike (ESS kordofanicus)
Red Sea Swallow
Kordofan Lark
Green-backed Eremomela (ESS elegans)
Northern Anteater Chat (ESS sudanensis)
Palestine Sunbird
Sudan Golden Sparrow
Northern Masked Weaver
Striolated Bunting (jebelmarrae)

National bird
Secretarybird |وزير الطيور (EN)

Rosy-patched Bushshrike (John Caddick)
Nile Valley Sunbird (Paul van Giersbergen)
White-rumped Seedeater (Paul van Giersbergen)

MAIN HABITATS
Thickets along the Nile River, arid savanna, desert

BIRD AREAS
North-east Sudan Secondary Area
11 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Tuti Island in Khartoum for White-headed Babbler and Cinnamon Weaver
Darfur and Kordofan provinces for Kordofan Lark, Kordofan Rufous Sparrow and Rusty Bush Lark
Port Sudan area to search for Red Sea Swallow

TIMING (Aug–Sep, Dec)
Being a dry country, best to visit at the end of the rains (Aug–Dec)
Most migrants are present Nov–Mar
Avoid the hottest time of the year (Apr–Jun)

RESOURCES
Field guides
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara by Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan (2010)
Birds of the Horn of Africa by Nigel Redman, Terry Stevenson and John Fanshawe (2011) treats almost all species
Birds of Western Africa by Nik Borrow & Ron Demey (2014) covers most species

Atlases
Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds with Notes on Habitat and Status by Gerhard Nikolaus (1987)

Further reading
Sudan by Peter Robertson in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Birds of the Sudan: Their Identification and Distribution by Francis O Cave & James D Macdonald (1955)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Websites
Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park – UNESCO World Heritage List

Blogs
Birding Sudan by Tom Jenner (2010-2015)
Birdwatching in Khartoum by Ola Elleström (2005-2006)

ORGANISATIONS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Sudan

The BirdLife International UNDP/GEF Migratory Soaring Birds Project works in Sudan

Other bird or conservation organisations active in Sudan include –
Sudanese Wildlife Society (SWS)
Sudanese Environment Conservation Society (SECS)
Sudanese Birds Watcher Club
SOS Sahel Sudan

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