South Sudan

Central Africa

644,330 km²



Strongly Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 820 recorded species (10th longest bird list of any country in the ABC region)

Shoebill (Adam Riley)
Abyssinian Waxbill (John Caddick)
Cinnamon Weaver (Tom Jenner)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics (1/2)
Cinnamon Weaver
Abyssinian Waxbill

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Schuett’s Spurfowl
Eastern Black-billed Turaco
Ethiopian Saw-wing (1/2)
Mangbettu Saw-wing (1/2)
Mongalla Cisticola (1/2)

Yellow-billed Shrike (Tasso Leventis)
Cinnamon Bracken Warbler (Tasso Leventis)
Spotted Ground Thrush (Kevin Ravno)

Other taxa of interest, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Schlegel’s Francolin
Heuglin’s Spurfowl
Clapperton’s Spurfowl
Star-spotted Nightjar
White-cheeked Turaco
Jackson’s Hornbill
Ethiopian Bee-eater
Black-breasted Barbet
Niam-niam Parrot
Emin’s Shrike
Yellow-billed Shrike (ESS caliginosa)
Rufous-rumped Lark
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-Lark
Red-winged Lark (ESS kathangorensis)
Highland Rush Warbler (sudanensis)
Cinnamon Bracken Warbler (cavei)
Wing-snapping Cisticola | Ayres’s Cisticola (imatong)
Rufous-crowned Eremomela (ESS latukae)
Heuglin’s White-eye
Spotted Thrush-Babbler (turdina)
Dusky Babbler
Abyssinian Ground Thrush (ESS hadii)
Spotted Ground Thrush (ESS maxis)
Equatorial Akalat (ESS acholiensis)
Northern Masked Weaver
Black-faced Firefinch
Stripe-breasted Seedeater

Clapperton’s Spurfowl (Kevin Ravno)

National bird
African Fish Eagle | Kuëi

Afromontane forest, Guinea woodlands, moist savannas, swamps

12 Important Bird Areas

The Sudd for Shoebill, Cinnamon Weaver and wetland species
Bengangai for Niam-niam Parrot
Imatong Mountains for Afromontane forest species
Kidepo for savanna species

TIMING (Jan–Mar)
Best in the dry season (Nov–Mar) when access is easier and Palaearctic migrants are present

Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)

Field guides
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara by Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan (2010)
Birds of East Africa by Terry Stevenson & John Fanshawe (2020) treats almost all species
Birds of the Horn of Africa by Nigel Redman, Terry Stevenson & John Fanshawe (2011) and Birds of Western Africa by Nik Borrow & Ron Demey (2014) each have most species

African Bird Sounds Vol 2: West and Central Africa by Claude Chappuis

Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds with Notes on Habitat and Status by Gerhard Nikolaus (1987)

Further reading
Birds of South Sudan by Gerhard Nikolaus (1989)
Sudan by Peter Robertson in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Bird Observations from South-east Sudan by Marc de Bont (2009)
Bird Observations around Juba, South Sudan by Mark Mallalieu (2013)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Birding South Sudan by Mark Mallalieu (2011-2012)
South Sudan Safaris – Bahr el Jebel Safaris (2015-2016)
Wildlife Advocacy South Sudan


There is currently no BirdLife Partner in South Sudan

Bird or conservation organisations active in South Sudan include –
South Sudan Wildlife Society (SSWS)
South Sudan Nature Conservation Organisation (SSNCO)
Fauna & Flora International (FFI)
WCS South Sudan

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