Moçambique | Mozambique

South-Central Africa

786,380 km²



Strongly Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 690 recorded species

Brown Scrub Robin (Kevin Ravno)
Neergaard’s Sunbird (Kevin Ravno)
Woodwards’ Batis (Kevin Ravno)

Endemics (E)
Namuli Apalis (EN)

Near-endemics (NE)
Woodwards’ Batis
Neergaard’s Sunbird
Pink-throated Twinspot

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not NE (1/2), including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Kretschmer’s Longbill
Roberts’s Warbler
Chirinda Apalis
Long-billed Forest Warbler | Long-billed Tailorbird
Red-capped Forest Warbler | African Tailorbird
Brown Scrub Robin
Thyolo Alethe (ESS namuli)

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Stierling’s Woodpecker
Olive-headed Weaver

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Kirk’s Francolin
Steppe Whimbrel (BT)
East African Pitta
Malawi Batis (1/2)
Anchieta’s Tchagra
Mozambique Forest Warbler (E)
Maputoland Scrub Robin (1/2)
Southern Olive-flanked Ground Robin (1/2)

Spotted Ground Thrush (Kevin Ravno)
African Pitta (Paul van Giersbergen)
Black-and-white Shrike Flycatcher (Paul van Giersbergen)

Other taxa of interest, including ESS
Blue Quail
Eurasian Bittern | Great Bittern (capensis)
Greater Crested Tern (ESS enigma)
Southern Banded Snake Eagle
Thick-billed Cuckoo
Green Barbet (belcheri)
Green Tinkerbird
Speckle-throated Woodpecker
Taita Falcon
Cape Batis (dimorpha)
Pale Batis
Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike
Green-headed Oriole (ESS speculifer)
Stripe-cheeked Greenbul
Olive-headed Greenbul
Yellow-streaked Greenbul (vincenti)
Lowland Tiny Greenbul
Livingstone’s Flycatcher
Yellow-throated Woodland Warbler (ESS quelimanensis)
Wailing Cisticola (ESS oreobates)
Rufous-winged Cisticola
Rudd’s Apalis
African Hill Babbler (stictigula)
Spotted Ground Thrush (belcheri)
Abyssinian Thrush (milanjensis)
White-chested Alethe
Swynnerton’s Robin
East Coast Akalat (ESS gunningi)
Plain-backed Sunbird (ESS reichenowi)
Eastern Miombo Sunbird (ESS amicorum)
Forest Double-collared Sunbird (bensoni)
African Golden Weaver | Yellow Weaver (ESS tongensis)
Lesser Seedcracker
Violet-eared Waxbill (ESS retusus)
Lemon-breasted Canary
Vincent’s Bunting

Blue Quail (Peter Ginn)
Eurasian Bittern (John Caddick)

Coastal lowland forest, montane forest, miombo woodland, floodplain grassland

Eastern Zimbabwe mountains Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
South African forests EBA
South-east African coast EBA
Tanzania – Malawi mountains EBA
16 Important Bird Areas

Mount Namuli, Mount Gorongosa and Njesi plateau for montane forest species
Zambezi River delta/Coutada for lowland forest species, including Africa Pitta (longipennis)

TIMING (Aug–Sep, Dec)
Best at the end of the dry season, when most birds breed
African Pitta (longipennis) displays mostly in Dec
Avoid the main rains (Jan–Apr)

RESOURCES (see also South Africa)
Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)
Roberts Bird Guide 2 covers most species

Field guides
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara by Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan (2010)
Birds of Southern Africa by Ber van Perlo (2009)
Sasol Birds of Southern Africa by Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey, Warwick Tarboton, Niall Perrins, Dominic Rollinson & Peter Ryan (2020) is better for birds occurring south of the Zambezi River

Southern African Bird Sounds by Guy Gibbon covers most species

Site guides
Southern African Birdfinder by Callan Cohen, Claire Spottiswoode & Jonathan Rossouw (2006)
Pelagic Birding Trips in the Southern Mozambique Channel by Peter G Ryan, John Graham & Andrew C Sutherland (2006)
A Productive Birding Transect from Highland Zimbabwe to Coastal Mozambique by Chris Lotz (2012)

Southern African Bird Atlas Project 2 (SABAP2), a member of the African Bird Atlas Project
The Atlas of the Birds of Central Mozambique by Vincent Parker (2005)
The Atlas of the Birds of Sul do Save, Southern Mozambique by Vincent Parker (1999)

Further reading
Roberts – Birds of Southern Africa edited by P A R Hockey, W R J Dean & P G Ryan (2005) for species occurring south of the Zambezi River
Mozambique by Vincent Parker in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Birds of the Niassa Reserve, Mozambique by Vincent Parker (2005)
Birds of the Maputo Special Reserve, Mozambique by Vincent Parker & Fred de Boer (2000)
Birds of Inhaca Island, Mozambique by Fred de Boer & Carlos Bento (1999)
The Birds of Southern Mozambique by Phillip A Clancey (1996)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Maputo Special Reserve: Southern Mozambique’s Unknown Birding Gem by Dominic Rollinson (2021)


There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Mozambique

Bird or conservation organisations active in Mozambique include –
Associação Ambiente, Conservação e Educação Moçambique (AACEM)/Birds Mozambique
Association for the Conservation of Birds and Bats of Mozambique
Fórum Natureza em Perigo (FNP)/Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT)
Justiça Ambiental (JA!)
Associação Amigos da Floresta de Moçambique/Trees4Moz
Sociedade para a Gestão e Desenvolvimento da Reserva do Niassa (SGDRN)
Cabo Delgado Biodiversity and Tourism Project (Zoological Society of London)
Biofund – Fundação para a Conservação da Biodiversidade
Eden Reforestation Projects
Biodiversity Inventory for Conservation (BINCO)
Blue Ventures
African Safari Foundation (ASF)
Peace Parks Foundation: Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area and Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area
FFS-IGF: Parque Nacional do Gilé
African Parks: Bazaruto
Carr Foundation: Parque Nacional da Gorongosa/Gorongosa National Park 
Fauna & Flora International (FFI): Niassa Special Reserve
WCS Mozambique: Niassa Special Reserve
WWF Mozambique

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