Eritrea

SUB-REGION
Horn of Africa

SIZE
117,600 km²

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
A blend of Afrotropical and Palaearctic species
Approximately 590 recorded species

Wattled Ibis (Adam Riley)
Rouget’s Rail (Adam Riley)
Abyssinian Woodpecker (Sergio Maria Bianchi)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics (1/2)
Erckel’s Spurfowl
Wattled Ibis
Rouget’s Rail
White-collared Pigeon
White-cheeked Turaco
Banded Barbet
Abyssinian Woodpecker
Black-winged Lovebird
Abyssinian Oriole
Thick-billed Raven
White-backed Black Tit
Blanford’s Lark
Ethiopian Cisticola
White-billed Starling
Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher
White-winged Cliff Chat
Rüppell’s Black Chat
Yellow-rumped Seedeater

Thick-billed Raven (John Caddick)

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Rüppell’s Francolin (1/2)
Ethiopian Goshawk (1/2)
Blue Saw-wing (1/2)
Ethiopian Stout Cisticola (1/2)
Ethiopian Groundscraper Thrush (1/2)

Other taxa of interest
Socotra Cormorant
White-eyed Gull
Bridled Tern
White-cheeked Tern
Collared Kingfisher
Ethiopian Bee-eater
Heuglin’s White-eye
White-headed Babbler
Cinereous Bunting
Cretzschmar’s Bunting

White-eyed Gull (Sergio Maria Bianchi)

MAIN HABITATS
Montane moorlands and forest, coastal deserts, savanna

BIRD AREAS
Central Ethiopian highlands Endemic Bird Area
14 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Filfil Rainforest for forest and escarpment species
Massawa area and Dahlak Islands for coastal, marine and desert species
Akurdet for White-headed Babbler

TIMING (Oct, Feb–Mar)
Best in spring and after the rains in the coastal deserts (Mar–Apr) and at the start of the rains in the highlands, when most birds start to breed (Mar–May)
Passage migrants are active Sep–Oct and Mar–Apr
Palaearctic visitors are present Oct–Mar
Avoid the hottest months at the coast (May–Sep)

RESOURCES
Apps
Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)

Field guides
Birds of the Horn of Africa by Nigel Redman, Terry Stevenson & John Fanshawe (2011)
Birds of Eastern Africa by Ber Van Perlo (2009)

Atlases
Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea: an Atlas of Distribution by John Ash & John Atkins (2009)

Further reading
Eritrea by N D Coulthard in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
A Guide to Endemic Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea by José Luis Vivero Pol (2001)
Wings over the Red Sea: the Birds of the Eritrean Islands by Giuseppe De Marchi, Giorgio Chiozzi & Dawit Semere (2009)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Websites
Birdwatching in Eritrea

ORGANISATIONS AND GROUPS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Eritrea

The BirdLife International UNDP/GEF Migratory Soaring Birds Project works in Eritrea

We know of no non-governmental bird or conservation organisations active in Eritrea

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