Guinea Ecuatorial | Guinée Équatoriale | Guiné Equatorial | Equatorial Guinea

Central Africa

The total area of Equatorial Guinea, consisting of the mainland territory of Río Muni and five islands in the Gulf of Guinea including Bioko and Annobón, is 28,050 km²


Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 430 recorded species, 380 in Río Muni, 200 on Bioko (B) and 30 on Annobón (A)

Ursula’s Sunbird (Dubi Shaprio)
Red-chested Goshawk (Dubi Shapiro)
Mountain Saw-wing (Nik Borrow)

Endemics (E)
Annobon Scops Owl (A) (CR)
Fernando Po Batis | Bioko Batis (B) (LC)
Annobon Paradise Flycatcher (A) (NA)
Fernando Po Speirops | Bioko Speirops (B) (VU)
Annobon White-eye (A) (LC)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics (1/2)
Island Bronze-naped Pigeon | Sao Tome Bronze-naped Pigeon (A)
Mountain Saw-wing (B)
Ursula’s Sunbird (B)

Proposed split not yet accepted by IOC
Volcano Sunbird (B)

Other taxa of interest, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Red-chested Goshawk (ESS B lopezi)
Cameroon Olive Pigeon
African Green Pigeon (ESS B poensis)
Western Barn Owl (ESS B poensis)
Fernando Po Swift
Speckled Tinkerbird (ESS B stellatus)
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird (ESS B subsulphureus)
Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird (ESS B poensis)
Least Honeyguide (ESS B poensis)
Buff-spotted Woodpecker (ESS B poensis)
Grey-headed Broadbill (ESS B sharpei)
Mountain Sooty Boubou (ESS B poensis)
Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher (ESS B tricolor)
Grey-necked Rockfowl | Red-headed Picathartes
Western Greenbul
Little Greenbul (ESS B amadoni)
Cameroon Olive Greenbul
Green Hylia (ESS B poensis)
Tit Hylia (ESS B bedfordi)
Black-capped Woodland Warbler (ESS B herberti)
Evergreen Forest Warbler (ESS B lopezi)
Green Longtail (ESS B mariae)
Olive-green Camaroptera (ESS B granti)
White-tailed Warbler (ESS B lopezi)
Blackcap Illadopsis (ESS B poensis)
Pale-breasted Illadopsis (ESS B bocagei)
Forest White-eye
Splendid Starling (ESS B lessoni)
Rufous Flycatcher-Thrush (ESS B fraseri)
African Thrush (ESS B poensis)
Short-tailed Akalat | Alexander’s Akalat (ESS B poensis)
Fraser’s Sunbird (ESS B fraseri)
Little Green Sunbird (ESS B seimundi)
Collared Sunbird (ESS B hypodila)
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird (ESS B cyanolaema)
Cameroon Sunbird (ESS B poensis)
Green-throated Sunbird (ESS B stangerii)
Tiny Sunbird (ESS B amadoni)
Black-necked Weaver (ESS B po)
Maxwell’s Black Weaver (ESS B maxwelli)
Red-headed Malimbe (ESS B rufovelatus)
Pale-fronted Nigrita (ESS B alexanderi)
Shelley’s Oliveback
Green Twinspot (ESS B virginiae)
Black-crowned Waxbill (ESS B elizae)

Grey-headed Broadbill (Tasso Leventis)
Speckled Tinkerbird (Paul van Giersbergen)
Grey-necked Rockfowl (Paul van Giersbergen)
Green Hylia (Paul van Giersbergen)

Montane forest on Bioko, lowland forest

Annobón Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
Cameroon mountains EBA (Bioko)
Cameroon and Gabon lowlands EBA (Río Muni)
5 Important Bird Areas

Basilé Peak for the speirops and Luba Caldera for the batis on Bioko
Monte Alén in Río Muni for lowland forest species

TIMING (Jan–Mar)
Best when it is dry and easier to get around, which is when most forest birds breed (Dec–Apr)
Avoid the main rains (Jun–Oct)

Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)

Field Guides
Birds of Western Africa by Nik Borrow & Ron Demey (2014)
Las Aves de Bioko, Guinea Ecuatorial: Guia de Campo by Jaime Pérez del Vaz (1996)

African Bird Sounds Vol 2: West and Central Africa by Claude Chappuis

Further reading
Equatorial Guinea by Jaime Pérez del Vaz in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Monte Alén – Guinea Ecuatorial by Manuel Merino (2002)
Les Oiseaux d’Afrique Centrale: Liste Faunistique by Patrice Christy & Jean Pierre Vande weghe (1999)
A Revised Bird Checklist for the Oceanic Islands of the Gulf of Guinea (Príncipe, São Tomé and Annobón) by Ricardo F de Lima & Martim Melo (2021)
The Birds of São Tomé & Príncipe with Annobón: an Annotated Checklist by Peter Jones & Alan Tye (2006)
Les Oiseaux des Îles du Golfe de Guinée (São Tomé, Príncipe et Annobon)/As Aves das Ilhas do Golfo da Guiné (São Tomé, Príncipe e Ano Bom) by René de Naurois (1994)
Articles in Malimbus, Bull. ABC, etc.


There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Equatorial Guinea

Bird or conservation organisations active in Equatorial Guinea include –
Biodiversity Initiative
Bioko Biodiversity Protection Program (BBPP)
Gulf of Guinea Biodiversity Center (GGBC)/Centro de Biodiversidade do Golfo da Guiné (CBGG)

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