مصر | Egypt | Égypte

SUB-REGION
North-East Africa

SIZE
1,010,450 km² (12th largest country in Africa)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Mostly Palaearctic avifauna, with a strong migratory component
Approximately 480 recorded species

Birds best found in Egypt but occurring more widely (BT)
Sinai Rosefinch
Mourning Wheatear

Birds best found in two territories of the ABC region but occurring in more (B2)
White-crowned Wheatear

Proposed split not yet accepted by IOC
Levant Scrub Warbler (BT)

Nile Valley Sunbird (Adam Riley)
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl (Samuel Ehrenbold)
Desert Sparrow (Paul van Giersbergen)

Other taxa of interest, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Chukar Partridge
Sand Partridge
Levant Sparrowhawk
Macqueen’s Bustard
White-cheeked Tern
White-tailed Lapwing
Senegal Coucal (ESS aegyptius)
Pallid Scops Owl
Desert Owl
Pharaoh Eagle-Owl | Desert Eagle-Owl
Egyptian Nightjar
White-throated Kingfisher
Collared Kingfisher
African Green Bee-eater (cleopatra)
Eurasian Hoopoe (ESS major)
Syrian Woodpecker
Sooty Falcon
White-spectacled Bulbul
Sand Martin | Bank Swallow (ESS shelleyi)
Barn Swallow (ESS savignii)
Mediterranean Short-toed Lark
Clamorous Reed Warbler (ESS stentoreus)
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler (ESS pallida)
Arabian Babbler
Tristram’s Starling
Hooded Wheatear
Cyprus Wheatear
Finsch’s Wheatear
Maghreb Wheatear
Palestine Sunbird
House Sparrow (ESS niloticus)
Western Yellow Wagtail (ESS pygmaea)
Trumpeter Finch
Syrian Serin

White-throated Kingfisher (John Caddick)
Egyptian Nightjar (Nik Borrow)
Bluethroat (Tadeusz Rosiński)
Common Kestrel (Tadeusz Rosiński)
Sand Partridge (Phil Hyde)

MAIN HABITATS
Desert, riverine habitats of the Nile Valley

BIRD AREAS
34 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Ain Sokhna for raptor migration
Hurghada for coastal species
Wadi el Gamal National Park for desert species
St Katherine Protectorate for Sinai Rosefinch

TIMING (Oct, Mar–Apr)
Best in spring, after the rains and when most birds breed (Mar–May)
Passage migrants are numerous Oct and Mar, the latter especially good for raptors
Avoid the hottest time of the year (May–Aug)

RESOURCES
Apps
Collins Bird Guide

Field guides
Collins Bird Guide by Lars Svensson (2010)
Birds of the Middle East by Richard Porter & Simon Aspinall (2010), which is also available in Arabic
A Naturalist’s Guide to the Birds of Egypt and the Middle East by Richard Hoath (2021)
Birds of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East: a Photographic Guide by Frédéric Jiguet & Aurélien Audevard (2017)
A Photographic Guide to Birds of Egypt and the Middle East by David M Cottridge & Richard Porter (2001)

Sounds
The Bird Songs of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East by Andreas Schulze & Karl-Heinz Dingler

Site guides
Finding Birds in Egypt by Dave Gosney (2011)
Where to Watch Birds in Wadi el-Gemal National Park and Neighboring Areas by Sherif Baha el Din (2009)
Egypt in The Good Bird Guide: a Species-by-Species Guide to Finding Europe’s Best Birds by Keith Marsh (2005)
Where to Watch Birds in World Cities by Paul Milne (2006) covers sites in and around Cairo
Birding in Egypt by Peter L Meininger & Wim C Mullié (1981)

Further reading
Checklist of the Birds of Egypt by the Egyptian Ornithological Rarities Committee (2019)
Birds of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East: an Annotated Checklist by Dominic Mitchell (2017)
The Birds of Egypt edited by Steven M Goodman & Peter L Meininger (1989)
Egypt by Sherif M Baha el Din in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
International Waterbird Census: Egypt 2009-2018 by Wed Abdou Latif Ibrahim (2021)
The Breeding Birds of the Northern Red Sea Islands, Egypt by Andrew Grieve & Linda Millington (1999)
Pharaohs’ Birds: a Guide to Ancient and Present-Day Birds in Egypt by John Miles (1998)
Common Birds of Egypt by Bertel Bruun & Sherif Baha el Din (1994)
Ornithological Studies in Egyptian Wetlands 1989/90 edited by P L Meininger & G A M Atta (1994)
Bottleneck Areas for Migratory Birds in the Mediterranean Region: an Assessment of the Problems and Recommendations for Action by Rob G Bijlsma (1987)
Survey of Waterbirds on Egyptian Wetlands, Autumn 1981 by C A Bennet, R G Bijlsma & R Stouthamer (1982)
Articles in Sandgrouse, Bull. ABC, Courser (Ornithological Society of Egypt), etc.

Blogs
Birding in Egypt
The Lady Birder of Egypt
Wadi Al-Hitan/Whale Valley – UNESCO World Heritage List

Facebook groups
Birding Egypt is the place to share your birding photos, news and experiences across Egypt and to participate in building awareness and promoting conservation of Egypt’s avian heritage
Egypt Wildlife Conservation (EWC) is a group aiming to protect and conserve wildlife of Egypt and discuss the ideas of research in the field of wildlife conservation and all events in this field

ORGANISATIONS

Nature Conservation Egypt (NCE) is the BirdLife Partner in Egypt

The Egyptian Ornithological Rarities Committee adjudicates rare bird records in Egypt

The BirdLife International UNDP/GEF Migratory Soaring Birds Project works in Egypt

Other bird or conservation organisations active in Egypt include –
Wild Phoenix
Lake Qarun Site Support Group
HEPCA (Hurghada Environmental Protection and Conservation Association)
Giza Zoo
Arab Federation for Wildlife Protection (AFWP)
Tour du Valat

Shopping Cart