Komori | جزر القمر | Comores | Comoros

SUB-REGION
Western Indian Ocean Islands

SIZE
The Comoros are an archipelago of three main islands – Ngazidja/Grande Comore (GC), Nzwani/Anjouan (A) and Mwali/Mohéli (M) – and numerous islets with a total area of 1,861 km²

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Strongly Malagasy avifauna
Approximately 120 recorded species

Comoros Thrush (Paul van Giersbergen)
Anjouan Scops Owl (Paul van Giersbergen)
Crested Drongo (Paul van Giersbergen)

Endemics (E)
Comoros Green Pigeon (M) (EN)
Karthala Scops Owl | Grand Comoro Scops Owl (GC) (EN)
Anjouan Scops Owl (A) (EN)
Moheli Scops Owl (M) (EN)
Comoros Black Parrot (GC) (NT)
Comoros Cuckooshrike (GC cucullata, M moheliensis) (EN)
Grand Comoro Drongo (GC) (EN)
Grand Comoro Bulbul (GC) (VU)
Moheli Bulbul (M) (EN)
Anjouan Brush Warbler (A) (NA)
Grand Comoro Brush Warbler (GC) (LC)
Moheli Brush Warbler (M) (EN)
Karthala White-eye (GC) (VU)
Anjouan White-eye (A) (NA)
Moheli White-eye (M) (NA)
Kirk’s White-eye (GC) (LC)
Comoros Thrush (GC comorensis, M moheliensis, A bewsheri) (NT)
Humblot’s Flycatcher (GC) (EN)
Humblot’s Sunbird (GC humbloti, M mohelicus) (LC)
Anjouan Sunbird (A) (LC)

Comoros Black Parrot (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds best found in Comoros but occurring more widely (BT)
Persian Shearwater (ESS M temptator)

Comoros Green Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Comoros Fody (Paul van Giersbergen)
Red-tailed Tropicbird (John Caddick)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics or BT (1/2), including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Malagasy Harrier | Madagascar Harrier
Comoros Olive Pigeon
Cuckoo Roller (ESS A intermedius + GC gracilis)
Madagascar Spinetail (ESS GC mariae)
Malagasy Palm Swift | Madagascar Palm Swift (griveaudi)
Greater Vasa Parrot (comorensis)
Crested Drongo (ESS A potior)
Malagasy Brush Warbler | Madagascar Brush Warbler (ESS M moheliensis)
Malagasy Green Sunbird | Long-billed Sunbird (ESS GC moebii + M voeltzkowi)
Comoros Fody | Red-headed Fody (ESS A anjuanensis + GC consobrina + M eminentissima)

Comoros Blue Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Comoros Blue Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Comoros Blue Pigeon (sganzini)

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Moheli Shearwater (E temptator)
Comoros Turtle Dove (1/2 comorensis)
Grand Comoro Cuckoo Roller (E GC gracilis)
Anjouan Cuckoo Roller (E A intermedius)
Comoros Blue Vanga (E GC bensoni, M comorensis)
Grand Comoro Thrush (E GC comorensis)
Moheli Thrush (E M moheliensis)
Anjouan Thrush (E A bewsheri)
Grand Comoro Sunbird (E GC moebii)
Moheli Sunbird (E M voeltzkowi)
Grand Comoro Fody (E GC consobrina)

Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher (John Caddick)
Comoros Olive Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Frances’s Sparrowhawk (Paul van Giersbergen)

Other taxa of interest, including more ESS
Malagasy Turtle Dove | Madagascar Turtle Dove (comorensis)
Striated Heron (rhizophorae)
Grey Heron (firasa)
Malagasy Kingfisher | Madagascar Malachite Kingfisher (johannae)
Frances’s Sparrowhawk (ESS GC griveaudi)
Common Moorhen (pyrrhorrhoa)
Western Barn Owl (hypermetra)
Malagasy Black Swift | Madagascar Swift (mayottensis)
Peregrine Falcon (radama)
Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher | Madagascar Paradise Flycatcher (ESS A vulpina + M voeltzkowiana + GC comorensis)
African Stonechat (ESS voeltzkowi)

MAIN HABITATS
Lowland and montane forest

BIRD AREAS
Comoro Islands Endemic Bird Area
4 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Karthala Mountains on Ngazidja/Grande Comore
Lake Dzianlandzé on Nzwani/Anjouan
Djando Forest on Mwali/Mohéli

TIMING (Sep–Nov)
Best at the start of the rains when most birds breed (Aug–Dec)
Avoid the cyclone season (Dec–Apr)

RESOURCES
Field guides
Birds of Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands by Frank Hawkins, Roger Safford & Adrian Skerrett (2015)
A Photographic Guide to the Birds of the Indian Ocean Islands/Guide Photographique des Oiseaux des Îles de l’Océan Indien by Ian Sinclair, Olivier Langrand & Fanja Andriamialisoa (2006)

Sounds
Guide Sonore des Oiseaux Nicheurs des Comores/Sound Guide to the Breeding Birds of the Comoros by Marc Herremans
Oiseaux de Madagascar, Mayotte, Comores, Seychelles, Reunion, Maurice/Bird Sounds of Madagascar, Mayotte, Comoros, Seychelles, Reunion, Mauritius by Pierre Huguet & Claude Chappuis

Atlases
Atlas des Oiseaux Nicheurs de la Grande Comore, de Mohéli et d’Anjouan by Michel Louette, Hachime Abdérémane, Ibrahim Yahaya & Danny Meirte (2008)

Further reading
The Birds of Africa Vol VIII: The Malagasy Region edited by Roger Safford & Frank Hawkins (2013)
Oiseaux by Michel Louette in La Faune Terrestre de l’Archipel des Comores edited by Michel Louette, Danny Meirte & Rudy Jocqué (2009)
Terrestrial Fauna of the Comoros Archipelago/Faune Terrestre de l’Archipel des Comores by Oliver Hawlitschek, Rémy Eudeline & Antione Rouillé (2020)
Birds of the Indian Ocean/Les Oiseaux de l’Océan Indien by Narainsamy Ramen (2022)
The Comoros by Roger J Safford in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Biogéographie, Origine et Évolution des Oiseaux aux Comores by Michel Louette (1996)
Les Oiseaux des Comores by Michel Louette (1988)
Birds on the Comoro Islands, April 1990 by Roger J Safford & Michael I Evans (1992)
Sicklebill Safaris Expedition to the Comoro Islands, a trip report by Phil Gregory (2014)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Facebook
Indian Ocean Fieldguides: The Comoros

ORGANISATIONS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in the Comoros

Bird or conservation organisations active in the Comoros include –
Dahari
Ulanga-Ngazidja
Fédération des Acteurs de Développement Economique et Social de l’Ile de Mohéli (FADESIM)
Blue Ventures
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust

Centre National de Documentation et de Recherche Scientifique (CNDRS) is a public institution with a cultural and scientific purpose specializing in the conservation and enhancement of the natural (fauna and flora) and cultural (tangible and intangible) heritage of the Comoros and the promotion of research

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