Komori | جزر القمر | Comores | Comoros

SUB-REGION
Malagasy

SIZE
The Comoros are an archipelago of three main volcanic islands – N’gazidja/Grande Comore (GC), Nzwani/Anjouan (A) and Mwali/Mohéli (M) – and numerous islets in the western Indian Ocean, with a combined total land area of 1,861 km²

BIRDS AND BIRDING

SPECIES
Diversity
Strongly Malagasy avifauna
Approximately 160 recorded species, including vagrants

Comoro Thrush (Paul van Giersbergen)
Anjouan Scops Owl (Paul van Giersbergen)
Crested Drongo (Paul van Giersbergen)

Endemics (E)
Comoro Green Pigeon (M) (EN)
Karthala Scops Owl | Comoro Scops Owl | Grande Comore Scops Owl (GC) (EN)
Anjouan Scops Owl (A) (EN)
Moheli Scops Owl (M) (EN)
Comoro Black Parrot (GC, A) (NT)
Comoro Blue Vanga (GC bensoni, M comorensis)
Comoro Cuckooshrike (GC cucullata, M moheliensis) (EN)
Grande Comore Drongo | Comoro Drongo (GC) (EN)
Grande Comore Bulbul (GC) (NT)
Moheli Bulbul (M) (EN)
Anjouan Brush Warbler (A) (NA)
Grande Comore Brush Warbler (GC) (LC)
Moheli Brush Warbler | Benson’s Brush Warbler (M) (EN)
Karthala White-eye | Comoro White-eye (GC) (VU)
Anjouan White-eye (A) (NA)
Kirk’s White-eye (GC) (LC)
Moheli White-eye (M) (NA)
Comoro Thrush (GC comorensis, M moheliensis, A bewsheri) (NT)
Humblot’s Flycatcher | Grande Comore Flycatcher (GC) (VU)
Humblot’s Sunbird (GC humbloti, M mohelicus) (LC)
Anjouan Sunbird (A) (LC)

Comoro Black Parrot (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds best found in the Comoros but occurring more widely (BT)
Persian Shearwater (ESS M temptator)

Comoro Green Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Comoro Fody (Paul van Giersbergen)
Red-tailed Tropicbird (John Caddick)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not near-endemics or BT (1/2), including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Madagascar Spinetail (ESS GC mariae)
Comoro Olive Pigeon | Comoro Pigeon
Greater Vasa Parrot (comorensis)
Crested Drongo (ESS A potior)
Malagasy Brush Warbler | Madagascar Brush Warbler (ESS M moheliensis)
Malagasy Green Sunbird | Malagasy Sunbird | Long-billed Green Sunbird (ESS GC moebii + M voeltzkowi)
Comoro Fody | Red-headed Fody (ESS GC consobrina + A anjuanensis + M eminentissima)

Comoro Blue Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Comoro Blue Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Comoro Blue Pigeon (sganzini)

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Comoro Turtle Dove (1/2 comorensis)
Moheli Shearwater (E temptator)
Grande Comore Sparrowhawk (E GC griveaudi)
Anjouan Sparrowhawk (E A pusillus)
Grande Comore Cuckoo-roller (E GC gracilis)
Anjouan Cuckoo-roller (E A intermedius)
Pale Paradise Flycatcher (E A vulpina + M voeltzkowiana)
Grande Comore Paradise Flycatcher (E GC comorensis)
Grande Comore Thrush (E GC comorensis)
Moheli Thrush (E M moheliensis)
Anjouan Thrush (E A bewsheri)
Grande Comore Stonechat (E GC voeltzkowi)
Grande Comore Sunbird (E GC moebii)
Moheli Sunbird (E M voeltzkowi)
Grande Comore Fody (E GC consobrina)

Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher (John Caddick)
Comoro Olive Pigeon (Paul van Giersbergen)
Frances’s Sparrowhawk (Paul van Giersbergen)

Other taxa of interest, including more ESS
Common Quail (africana)
Malagasy Palm Swift | Madagascar Palm Swift (griveaudi)
Malagasy Black Swift | Malagasy Swift | Madagascar Swift (mayottensis)
Malagasy Turtle Dove | Madagascar Turtle Dove (comorensis)
Ring-necked Dove
Tambourine Dove
Common Moorhen (pyrrhorrhoa)
Little Grebe
Grey Plover | Black-bellied Plover
Common Ringed Plover
Greater Sand Plover
Tibetan Sand Plover
Eurasian Whimbrel
Bar-tailed Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Curlew Sandpiper
Sanderling
Terek Sandpiper
Common Sandpiper
Common Greenshank
Crab-plover
Brown Noddy
Greater Crested Tern
Lesser Crested Tern
Saunders’s Tern
Bridled Tern
Sooty Tern
Red-tailed Tropicbird
White-tailed Tropicbird
Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Tropical Shearwater
Great Frigatebird
Lesser Frigatebird
Masked Booby
Striated Heron (rhizophorae)
Western Cattle Egret
Grey Heron (firasa)
Humblot’s Heron
Great Egret
Dimorphic Egret
Frances’s Sparrowhawk (ESS GC griveaudi + ESS A pusillus)
Malagasy Harrier | Madagascar Harrier
Yellow-billed Kite (parasitus)
Western Barn Owl (hypermetra)
Cuckoo-roller (ESS A intermedius + GC gracilis)
Broad-billed Roller
Malagasy Kingfisher | Madagascar Malachite Kingfisher (johannae)
Olive Bee-eater | Madagascar Bee-eater (superciliosus)
Eleonora’s Falcon
Peregrine Falcon (radama)
Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher | Madagascar Paradise Flycatcher (ESS A vulpina + M voeltzkowiana + GC comorensis)
Pied Crow
Malagasy Bulbul (madagascariensis)
African Stonechat (ESS GC voeltzkowi)
Bronze Mannikin

Introduced species
Helmeted Guineafowl
Rock Dove
Grey-headed Lovebird
Common Myna
House Sparrow
Red Fody

MAIN HABITATS
Lowland and montane forest

BIRD AREAS
Comoro Islands Endemic Bird Area
4 Important Bird Areas

BIRDING SITES
Karthala Mountains on Ngazidja/Grande Comore
Lake Dzianlandzé on Nzwani/Anjouan
Djando Forest on Mwali/Mohéli

TIMING (Sep–Nov)
Best at the start of the rains when most birds breed (Aug–Dec)
Avoid the cyclone season (Dec–Apr)

RESOURCES
Field guides
Birds of Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands by Frank Hawkins, Roger Safford & Adrian Skerrett (2015)
A Photographic Guide to the Birds of the Indian Ocean Islands/Guide Photographique des Oiseaux des Îles de l’Océan Indien by Ian Sinclair, Olivier Langrand & Fanja Andriamialisoa (2006)

Sounds
Guide Sonore des Oiseaux Nicheurs des Comores/Sound Guide to the Breeding Birds of the Comoros by Marc Herremans
Oiseaux de Madagascar, Mayotte, Comores, Seychelles, Reunion, Maurice/Bird Sounds of Madagascar, Mayotte, Comoros, Seychelles, Reunion, Mauritius by Pierre Huguet & Claude Chappuis

Atlases
Atlas des Oiseaux Nicheurs de la Grande Comore, de Mohéli et d’Anjouan by Michel Louette, Hachime Abdérémane, Ibrahim Yahaya & Danny Meirte (2008)

Further reading
The Birds of Africa Vol VIII: The Malagasy Region edited by Roger Safford & Frank Hawkins (2013)
Oiseaux by Michel Louette in La Faune Terrestre de l’Archipel des Comores edited by Michel Louette, Danny Meirte & Rudy Jocqué (2009)
Terrestrial Fauna of the Comoros Archipelago/Faune Terrestre de l’Archipel des Comores by Oliver Hawlitschek, Rémy Eudeline & Antione Rouillé (2020)
Birds of the Indian Ocean/Les Oiseaux de l’Océan Indien by Narainsamy Ramen (2022)
The Comoros by Roger J Safford in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Biogéographie, Origine et Évolution des Oiseaux aux Comores by Michel Louette (1996)
Les Oiseaux des Comores by Michel Louette (1988)
Birds on the Comoro Islands, April 1990 by Roger J Safford & Michael I Evans (1992)
Sicklebill Safaris Expedition to the Comoro Islands, a trip report by Phil Gregory (2014)
Articles in Scopus, Bull. ABC, etc.

Facebook
Indian Ocean Fieldguides: The Comoros

ORGANISATIONS

There is currently no BirdLife Partner in the Comoros

Bird or conservation organisations active in the Comoros include –
Dahari
Ulanga-Ngazidja
Fédération des Acteurs de Développement Economique et Social de l’Ile de Mohéli (FADESIM)
Blue Ventures
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust

Centre National de Documentation et de Recherche Scientifique (CNDRS) is a public institution with a cultural and scientific purpose specializing in the conservation and enhancement of the natural (fauna and flora) and cultural (tangible and intangible) heritage of the Comoros and the promotion of research

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