Cameroun | Cameroon

Central Africa

475,440 km²


Strongly Afrotropical avifauna
Approximately 950 recorded species (6th longest bird list of any country in the ABC region)

Mount Cameroon Spierops (Nigel Voaden)
Green Longtail (Dubi Shapiro)
White-throated Mountain Babbler (Tasso Leventis)

Endemics (E)
Mount Cameroon Spurfowl (EN)
Bannerman’s Turaco (EN)
Banded Wattle-eye (EN)
Mount Cameroon Speirops (VU)
Bates’s Weaver (EN)

Near-endemics (NE)
Cameroon Olive Pigeon
Tullberg’s Woodpecker
Green-breasted Bushshrike
Mount Kupe Bushshrike
Mountain Sooty Boubou
Yellow-breasted Boubou
Cameroon Greenbul
Western Greenbul
Cameroon Olive Greenbul
Grey-headed Greenbul
Black-capped Woodland Warbler
Bangwa Forest Warbler
Bamenda Apalis
Green Longtail
White-tailed Warbler
White-throated Mountain Babbler
Mountain Robin-Chat
Cameroon Sunbird
Ursula’s Sunbird
Bannerman’s Weaver
Shelley’s Oliveback

Bannerman’s Weaver (Nik Borrow)

Birds best found in Cameroon but occurring more widely (BT)
Adamawa Turtle Dove
White-crested Turaco
Zenker’s Honeyguide
Brown-backed Woodpecker
Fox Kestrel
Grey-headed Broadbill
Black-necked Wattle-eye
Emin’s Shrike
Grey-necked Rockfowl | Red-headed Picathartes
Sun Lark
Mountain Saw-wing
Forest Swallow
Rock-loving Cisticola
Dorst’s Cisticola
Rufous Cisticola
Spotted Thrush-Babbler (ESS harterti)
Forest White-eye
Bronze-tailed Glossy Starling
Neumann’s Starling
White-collared Starling
Crossley’s Ground Thrush
Yellow-footed Flycatcher
Short-tailed Akalat | Alexander’s Akalat
Heuglin’s Wheatear
Orange-tufted Sunbird
Grey-headed Oliveback
Yellow-winged Pytilia
Dybowski’s Twinspot
Chad Firefinch
Oriole Finch
West African Seedeater
Brown-rumped Bunting

Bannerman’s Turaco (Adam Riley)
White-throated Bee-eater (Paul van Giersbergen)

Birds occurring in only two territories of the ABC region but not NE or BT (1/2)
Dja River Warbler
Rock Firefinch
Jos Plateau Indigobird

Birds best found in two territories but occurring in more (B2)
Black Guineafowl
Plumed Guineafowl
White-throated Francolin
Schlegel’s Francolin
Grey Pratincole
White-naped Pigeon
Black-throated Coucal
Shelley’s Eagle-Owl
Vermiculated Fishing Owl
Sjöstedt’s Owlet
Bates’s Nightjar
Bates’s Swift
Bare-cheeked Trogon
Blue-moustached Bee-eater
Willcocks’s Honeyguide
Gabon Woodpecker
Red-headed Lovebird
Gabon Batis | Verreaux’s Batis
White-spotted Wattle-eye
Fiery-breasted Bushshrike
Red-eyed Puffback | Black-shouldered Puffback
Eastern Wattled Cuckooshrike
Rufous-vented Paradise Flycatcher
Bates’s Paradise Flycatcher
Sjöstedt’s Honeyguide Greenbul
Xavier’s Greenbul
Eastern Bearded Greenbul
White-bearded Greenbul
Preuss’s Cliff Swallow
Chattering Cisticola
Red-pate Cisticola
Black-collared Apalis
Red-winged Grey Warbler
Gosling’s Apalis
Long-tailed Glossy Starling
Black-eared Ground Thrush
Gambaga Flycatcher
White-crowned Robin-Chat
White-crowned Cliff Chat
Violet-tailed Sunbird
Bates’s Sunbird
Yellow-capped Weaver
Cassin’s Malimbe
Rachel’s Malimbe
Woodhouse’s Antpecker
Chestnut-breasted Nigrita
Pale-fronted Nigrita
Red-winged Pytilia
Black-bellied Firefinch
Black-headed Waxbill
Cameroon Indigobird
Long-legged Pipit

Proposed new species or splits not yet accepted by IOC
Black-shouldered Nightjar (B2)
Verreaux’s Turaco (B2)
Eastern Piping Hornbill (sharpii)
Eastern White-crested Hornbill (B2)
Western Grey-throated Barbet (B2)
Johnston’s Woodpecker (NE)
West African Pitta (B2)
Yellow-lored Bristlebill (B2)
Shari Saw-wing (BT)
Petit’s Saw-wing (B2)
Cameroon Forest Warbler (BT)
Brown-backed Cisticola (NE)
Western Stout Cisticola (santae)
Western Buff-throated Apalis (B2)
Western Olive-green Camaroptera (chloronota)
Forest Hyliota (slatini)
Gabon Forest Robin (B2)
Volcano Sunbird (BT)
Neumann’s Weaver (BT)
Grey Black-faced Firefinch (B2)
Cameroon Pipit (NE)
Bannerman’s Pipit (BT)

Other taxa of interest, including endemic subspecies (ESS)
Hartlaub’s Duck
Stone Partridge
Western Crested Guineafowl (ESS sclateri)
Double-spurred Spurfowl
Western Reef Egret
African Swallow-tailed Kite
Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle
Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle
Red-chested Goshawk
Grasshopper Buzzard
Arabian Bustard
Nkulengu Rail
Black Crowned Crane
Black-headed Lapwing
White-crowned Lapwing
Brown-chested Lapwing
Egyptian Plover
Rock Pratincole
Four-banded Sandgrouse
African Collared Dove
Blue-headed Wood Dove
Violet Turaco
Ross’s Turaco
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo
Fraser’s Eagle-Owl
Golden Nightjar
Standard-winged Nightjar
African Black Swift (ESS serlei)
Fernando Po Swift
Bar-tailed Trogon
Blue-bellied Roller
Northern Carmine Bee-eater
White-headed Wood Hoopoe (ESS okuensis)
White-bellied Kingfisher
Western Green Tinkerbird (coryphaea)
White-thighed Hornbill
Vieillot’s Barbet
Bearded Barbet
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide
African Piculet
Fine-spotted Woodpecker
Senegal Parrot
Senegal Batis
West African Batis
Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye
Monteiro’s Bushshrike (ESS perspicillatus)
Many-coloured Bushshrike
Pink-footed Puffback
Red-shouldered Cuckooshrike
Mackinnon’s Shrike | Mackinnon’s Fiscal
White-bellied Crested Flycatcher (albiventris)
Sennar Penduline Tit
Yellow Penduline Tit
White-throated Blue Swallow
West African Swallow
Yellow Longbill
Tit Hylia
River Prinia
Banded Prinia
Grey Apalis (ESS sclateri; funebris)
Cricket Warbler
Oriole Warbler
Black-faced Rufous Warbler
Senegal Eremomela
Pale-breasted Illadopsis
African Hill Babbler (claudei)
Rwenzori Hill Babbler
Grey-chested Babbler | Grey-chested Illadopsis
Southern Hyliota
Chestnut-bellied Starling
Waller’s Starling (preussi)
African Thrush (nigrilorum)
Black Scrub Robin
White-browed Forest Flycatcher
White-bellied Robin-Chat (roberti)
Grey-winged Robin-Chat | Grey-winged Akalat
Reichenbach’s Sunbird
Carmelite Sunbird
Green-throated Sunbird (crossensis)
Tiny Sunbird
Northern Double-collared Sunbird (preussi)
Black-billed Weaver (melanogaster)
Heuglin’s Masked Weaver
Preuss’s Weaver
Brown-capped Weaver
Yellow Bishop (phoenicomerus)
Red-faced Crimsonwing (reichenovii)
Brown Twinspot
Lavender Waxbill
Black-crowned Waxbill (eisentrauti)
Oriole Finch (olivaceus)
Thick-billed Seedeater (burtoni)
Gosling’s Bunting

Black Crowned Crane (Kevin Ravno)
Rock Firefinch (Tasso Leventis)
Black Bee-eater (Paul van Giersbergen)

Afromontane forest, lowland forest, Guinea woodlands, arid savanna

Cameroon mountains Endemic Bird Area (EBA)
Cameroon and Gabon lowlands EBA
33 Important Bird Areas

Mount Kupe, Bakossi Mountains, Mount Cameroon and Mount Oku in Bamenda highlands for montane endemics
Ngaoundaba Ranch and Bénoué National Park (NP) for Guinea woodland species
Waza NP and Mora for arid savanna species
Campo Ma’an and Korup NP for lowland forest species

TIMING (Nov, Mar–Apr)
Best when it is dry and easy to get around, which is when most forest birds breed (Dec–Apr)
Grey-necked Rockfowl breeds May–Oct
Immediately after the rains (Oct–Dec) many whydahs and indigobirds are in breeding plumage
Avoid the main rainy season (May–Sep) due to access problems

Birds of Africa (iOS or Android)

Field guides
Birds of Western Africa by Nik Borrow & Ron Demey (2014)

African Bird Sounds Vol 2: West and Central Africa by Claude Chappuis

Site guides
Birding Cameroon, Part 1 – Northern Cameroon: Guinea Woodlands to Sahel by Michael Mills & Callan Cohen (2003)
Birding Cameroon, Part 2 – Southern Cameroon: Forests, Low to Lofty by Michael Mills & Callan Cohen (2004)
Birding Dja Biosphere Reserve, Southern Cameroon by Eddie Williams (2007)
Mount Kupe and its Birds by Christopher G R Bowden & S Mark Andrews (1994)

Further reading
The Birds of Cameroon: Their Status and Distribution by Marc Languy (2019)
Waterbird Census of Coastal Cameroon and Sanaga River, January-March 2007 edited by Jaap J van der Waarde (2007)
Waders and Waterbirds in the Floodplains of the Logone, Cameroon and Chad, February 2000 edited by Wim Ganzevies & Jeroen Bredenbeek (2005)
La Réserve de Faune du Dja: à la Découverte de la Forêt Tropicale by Lucienne Wilmé (2002)
Cameroon by Roger Fotso, Françoise Dowsett-Lemaire, Robert J Dowsett, Cameroon Ornithological Club, Paul Scholte, Marc Languy & Chris Bowden in Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority Sites for Conservation edited by Lincoln D C Fishpool & Michael I Evans (2001)
Birds and Mammals of Mt Cameroon: an Update of the State of Knowledge and Further Fieldwork around Mann’s Spring by F Dowsett-Lemaire & R J Dowsett with an Annotated List of the Birds of Mt Cameroon and Appendices (2001)
Further Biological Surveys of Manenguba and Central Bakossi in March 2000, and an Evaluation of the Conservation Importance of Manenguba, Bakossi, Kupe and Nlonako Mts, with Special Reference to Birds Part 1 and Part 2 with an Updated List of the Avifauna of Manenguba Mt and an Updated List of the Avifauna of the Bakossi Mts by F Dowsett-Lemaire & R J Dowsett (2000)
Les Oiseaux d’Afrique Centrale: Liste Faunistique by Patrice Christy & Jean Pierre Vande weghe (1999)
The Birds of Cameroon: an Annotated Checklist by Michel Louette (1981)
Articles in Malimbus, Bull. ABC, Cameroon Birdline (CBCS), etc.

UNESCO World Heritage List: Dja Faunal Reserve and Sangha Trinational

Parc National de la Bénoué
Voice of Nature (VoN) News is a Cameroon-based environment and conservation non-profit news platform dedicated to speaking for nature & the voiceless

Facebook groups
Les Oiseaux du Cameroun/The Birds of Cameroon


There is currently no BirdLife Partner in Cameroon

Bird or conservation organisations active in Cameroon include –
Cameroon Wildlife Conservation Society (CWCS)
Environment and Rural Development Foundation (ERuDeF)
African Nature and Conservation (ANC)
Cameroon Biodiversity Conservation Society (CBCS), formerly the Cameroon Ornithological Club
Voice of Nature (VoNat)
Korup Rainforest Conservation Society (KRCS)
Tropical Forest and Rural Development (TF-RD)
Action pour le Respect et la Protection de l’Environnement (ARPE)
Groupement d’Appui pour le Développement Durable (GADD)
Action Concertée pour le Développement Durable (ACODED)
Community Association for Sustainable Development (CASuDev)
Cameroon Gender and Environment Watch (CAMGEW)
Cameroon Environmental Watch (CEW)
Green Cameroon
WCS Cameroon
WWF Cameroon

Ecole de Faune de Garoua (EFG) in Cameroon is the only school in West and Central Africa designed to train professionals from French-speaking nations of sub-Saharan Africa in wildlife conservation and protected area management

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