Conservation issues in Swaziland stem largely from overgrazing and commercial afforestation of the grassland areas. Subsistence agriculture and wood collecting has also placed a lot of pressure on Swaziland habitats.
The National Trust Commission Act of 1972 provided the momentum for the creation of the Swaziland National Trust Commission and the creation of National Parks. Despite this legislation there are very few publicly-owned protected areas in Swaziland (approximately 3.7% of total area).
Avifauna conservation gives the priorities for the conservation of Swaziland’s avifauna.
Swaziland is party to several international agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection.