Working for birds in Africa



Wed, 02/06/2013 - 15:43 -- abc_admin

The following largely unconfirmed records have been published in recent Bulletins of the African Bird Club for information only.

from ABC Bulletin 22.2

Records from the Khartoum area in February - May 2015 include the following. At a small sewage site at Omdurman Islamic University, four pairs of Hottentot Teals Anas hottentota with c.15 young were observed on 1 February. Also there were a Common Redshank Tringa totanus and at least one Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio; the latter species has now been recorded at all four sewage sites visited in the Khartoum area and >125, an unexpected large number, was subsequently counted at Sunt Forest on 22 May. At Jebel Aulia, south of Khartoum, c.40 Slender-billed Gulls Chroicocephalus genei, c.10 Caspian Gulls Larus cachinnans, c.10 Lesser Black-backed Gulls L. fuscus and Caspian Terns Hydroprogne caspia were seen on 21 February. 

from ABC Bulletin 22.1

Records from September–December 2014 include the following. At Khartoum Sewage Pools, just south of Khartoum, eight Purple Swamphens Porphyrio porphyrio, including a juvenile, were observed on 12 September; the species has been observed year-round in recent years, but the sighting of a juvenile is the first proof of breeding. Also there were 48 Hottentot Teals Anas hottentota—the highest count to date. Large numbers of Common Moorhens Gallinula chloropus (an uncommon to rare species, according to Nikolaus 1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds), including juveniles and some very small chicks, were also present, as well as 28 of the usual Red-kobbed Coots Fulica cristata. A Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca at Bahri Sewage Pools, just north of Khartoum, on 19 September, was the first for this site. Four Southern Pochards Netta erythrophthalma were also there, on 12 December. The most noteworthy waders at this locality included White-tailed Lapwings Vanellus leucurus, observed on 17 October (at least two) and 12 December (four). Barred Warblers Sylvia nisoria were mist-netted near Sennar in early October and late November; both were juveniles. 

from ABC Bulletin 21.2

Records from January - June 2014 include the following. A flock of c.200 Yellow-billed Storks Mycteria ibis at Karima on 19 April was a noteworthy record so far north. A pair of Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota with a chick was photographed at Khartoum Sewage Ponds on 12 February, confirming that the species breeds in the country. Two Slender-billed Gulls Chroicocephalus genei at Bahri Sewage Ponds, Khartoum, on 4 April represented a rare sighting; Nikolaus (1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds) mentions a single inland record, from 1980, but a few more have been noted since then. Also there on the same date, a Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus was mist-netted - a significant southerly range extension along the Nile; a week later two birds responded to playback. A weaver mist-netted at Bahri Sewage Ponds on 4 April appeared to be the first hybrid Northern Masked Ploceus taeniopterus × Cinnamon Weaver P. badius; the bird was in a large colony of Northern Masked Weavers, with a male Cinnamon Weaver nearby. On 25 April a second hybrid was nest building c.100 m from where the first bird was caught. Several flocks of Village Weavers P. cucullatus were observed along the Nile at Karima on 19 - 20 April, extending the species’ known range north by >400 km; the presence of the species so far north may perhaps explain the record of the first Village Weaver for Egypt at Abu Simbel, Lake Nasser, near the country’s southern border, on 1 May 2006. Between 28 February and 30 May flocks of Wattled Starlings Creatophora cinera were regularly seen at Bahri Sewage Ponds, with c.200, including adults in breeding plumage and recently fledged juveniles, on 12 April; this is the first breeding record in Sudan of a species previously considered a rare visitor.

from ABC Bulletin 21.1

Records from 2013 - January 2014 include the following. Hottentot Teals Anas hottentota were observed regularly throughout 2013 at the sewage pools at Bahri, just north of Khartoum, and Soba Hospital, with up to 15 birds present at both sites; Nikolaus (1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds) mentioned just two records in Sudan, but suspected the species may have been overlooked. Two female Ferruginous Ducks Aythya nyroca were photographed at Khartoum Sewage Pools on 16 December; the species is rarely recorded in Sudan. A male Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma was photographed at Bahri Sewage Pools and up to eight males and a single female were present at Khartoum Sewage Pools on 30 November and 2 December; the species is rarely reported so far north and there are only a handful of previous records from the country. With only one record mentioned by Nikolaus (1987), Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio might be considered a very rare bird in Sudan, but sightings throughout 2013 from the sewage pools at Bahri, Khartoum and Soba Hospital suggest that it is a fairly common resident in appropriate habitat. This also suggests that the population in Egypt is not as disjunct from other African populations as previously thought. Up to 44 Red-knobbed Coots Fulica cristata were at Khartoum Sewage Pools from 30 November until late January at least, including a pair with two young, photographed on 24 January; these are the first records for Sudan. A female Ménétries’s Warbler Sylvia mystacea mist-netted near Sennar, c.300 km south-east of Khartoum, on 2 November, was a rare record so far south. 

from ABC Bulletin 20.1

Records from the Kharthoum area in August - November 2012 include the following. At Soba Pools, at least four Hottentot Teals Anas hottentota and one Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio were observed on 17 August; Nikolaus (1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds) mentions only a single record for each species, but prior to the rainy season they were seen more or less regularly in the area. At least 42 Hottentot Teals were there on 25 October. A juvenile Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus seen on the same date may suggest the first breeding record for the country. In Sunt Forest, a Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus, a species described as rare by Nikolaus (1987), was photographed on 9 November. A Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus, considered rare inland, was at Al Dabbaseen bridge on 30 November. A Little Tern Sternula albifrons was on the lake at Jebel Aulia on 14 September. A White-headed Babbler Turdoides leucopygia photographed with nesting material on Tuti Island on 28 September may constitute the first confirmed breeding record for Sudan.

from ABC Bulletin 19.2

In January - June 2012 the following were reported. Three Hottentot Teals Anas hottentota were photographed on the Nile near Al Dabbaseen bridge on 11 May, with at least 14 behind Soba hospital, near Khartoum, on the same day; Nikolaus (1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds) mentions only two records for the country. Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptius was regularly seen on the Blue Nile south of Khartoum in January; the species is not marked for the area in the Atlas. In early January, a Little Stint Calidris minuta mist-netted at Um Shugeira Island, Khartoum, had been ringed at the same site in 2010. A group of six Slender-billed Gulls Larus genei was seen at Tuti Island, Khartoum, on 24 February, with one photographed at the Khartoum International Community School stables on 25 March; Nikolaus (1987) describes the species as uncommon on the Red Sea and mentions only a single inland record, from Khartoum, in spring1980. The presence of Little Tern Sternula albifrons, already suspected when a few were seen at Tuti Island on 30 March, was confirmed when one was photographed on the Blue Nile 70 km south of Khartoum on 28 April; none had been recorded at the time of the Atlas. At Sunt Forest, near Khartoum, an immature Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius and a first-year Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka, both uncommon in Sudan, were photographed on 3 February. In early March, three groups of Wattled Starlings Creatophora cinerea were seen south of Khartoum; Nikolaus (1987) marks them as rare except in what is now South Sudan

from ABC Bulletin 19.1

In the Red Sea hills north of Port Sudan, a honey buzzard was photographed on 1 June 2011 and subsequently identified as the first Oriental (Crested) Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus for the country. Other species recorded in the same area included Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata, a species only recently observed for the first time in Sudan, Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus and the rarely recorded Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha.

In Sennar State, two small flocks of Demoiselle Cranes Anthropoides virgo consisting of 60 - 80 birds each at 13°19’24”N 34°14’26”E were noted on 18 October; according to Nikolaus (1987. Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds), the species has not been recorded previously in that one-degree square, although it is apparently common on passage in the squares north and west of it.


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:52 -- abc_admin

Please note that we have been advised that the place names on the above maps do not seem to follow any consistent system of representing Arabic names in a Roman type script.


The above map shows that the great divide across Sudan is visible even from space, as this Nasa satellite image shows. The northern states are a blanket of desert, broken only by the fertile Nile corridor. Southern Sudan is covered by green swathes of grassland, swamps and tropical forest.

Source: BBC News


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:49 -- abc_admin

BirdLife International (2000) Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

NIKOLAUS, G. (1987) Distribution Atlas of Sudan’s Birds with notes on Habitat and Status. Bonner Zoologische Monographien, Nr. 25. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.

ROBERTSON, P. Sudan chapter pp 877-890 in FISHPOOL, L.D.C. and EVANS M.I. editors (2001) Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority sites for conservation. Newbury and Cambridge, UK. Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No.11).


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:48 -- abc_admin

African Bird Club representative

Abubakr Mohammad abd Alhaleem

Bird recorder and checklist compiler

Gerhard Nikolaus

Clubs / contacts

The BirdLife International contact is Dawi Musa Hamed, Tel: 00249 11 81873.

Currently there is no organised birdwatching group in Khartoum, though the "Khartoum Birdwatchers Group" was formed in 2002 with seven interested members. At the present time, the group does not operate, but could be revived if there is sufficient interest. Contact Ed Hall at


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:48 -- abc_admin

Sudan has signed a number of international treaties including Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea and Ozone Layer Protection.

It has a large number of environmental issues which include inadequate supplies of drinking water, wildlife populations threatened by excessive hunting, soil erosion, desertification and periods of drought.

Although Sudan has a number of designated National Parks and Game Reserves, the long running civil war in the south where many are located means that there is inadequate protection.

A leading NGO is the Sudanese Environmental Conservation Society (SECS), which was established in 1975 and has more than 80 branches across the country. The organisation can be reached by email

Another contact is Ibrahim M. Hashim of the Sudanese Wildlife Society to be contacted through It is also useful to try to find expats interested in birdwatching. This can best be done by putting a note in the weekly edition of the Khartoum International Church bulletin or at UN offices.

Conservation News

27th February 2008: Sociable Lapwings tracked to Sudan

Two Sociable Lapwings Vanellus gregarius, satellite tagged in Kazakhstan last summer, have flown more than 5,000 miles to central Sudan, where they have spent the winter. Satellite tagging is adding rapidly to our understanding of the distribution of this Critically Endangered species outside the breeding season.

The birds left Korgalzhin in central Kazakhstan on August 3, 2007 and arrived at Viransehir, Turkey around October 8. They joined a flock of over 3000 birds - the largest assembly of the species recorded in over a century - before leaving Turkey in late October, arriving in Sudan on November 3.

The last sighting of Sociable Lapwings so far south in Africa was by Dr Mark Avery of the RSPB (BirdLife in the UK), who saw a small flock in Kenya 20 years ago.

The tagging project began last year when scientists from the RSPB and Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (ACBK) fitted satellite-tracking devices to three birds on their breeding grounds on the barren steppe expanses of central Kazakhstan.

Conservationists from the Sudanese Wildlife Society, part-funded by the UK government’s Darwin Initiative, will try to locate the Sudanese birds, count them and find out more about the sites they are using. Ibrahim Hashim, a Research Professor at the Sudanese Wildlife Society, said: "Finding these birds will not be easy because they are in a remote region where few people go. But that will benefit them because it means they should suffer little disturbance."

Dr Rob Sheldon, an ecologist with the RSPB, said: "The more we know, the easier it will be to improve their protection and help them increase their numbers."

Maxim Koshkin of Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Kazakhstan (ACBK) added that better understanding of the migration and wintering patterns of this Critically Endangered species will enable conservationists to identify sites which need to be protected, to bring Sociable Lapwing back from the brink of extinction.

"We feel privileged to have these birds in Sudan and are very happy that we can play a part in increasing their numbers," said Professor Ibrahim Hashim. "These birds are now being protected on their breeding grounds in Kazakhstan and we hope very much to give them equal protection in Sudan."

Books & Sounds

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:46 -- abc_admin

There is no one field guide which covers all the species found in Sudan.

Birds of Africa South of the Sahara covers most of the species found in the southern part of the country and a good Western Palearctic guide such as The Collins guide, in any of its forms, or the Lars Jonsson guide are probably the most comprehensive for the more northerly parts of the country.


Book image: 
Book info: 
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara, Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan, New Holland, Softback.
Book description: 

Second edition, including 500 new images and 400 updated distribution maps. Unrivalled coverage of African birds in a single volume. 2129+ species covered with an additional 101 vagrants briefly described. Revised to reflect the latest changes in taxonomy. Species descriptions give precise identification features highlighting differences between similar species as well as briefly reporting habitat, status and call. Annotated illustrations portray distinctive plumages as well as diagnostic flight patterns and major geographic variants where applicable.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Collins Bird Guide (2nd edition), Lars Svensson, Killian Mullarney and Dan Zetterström, HarperCollins, Softback, Hardback and Large format hardback.
Book description: 

The most complete field guide to the birds of Britain, Europe, North Africa, most of the Middle East, the Canaries and Madeira. Written by one of Europe's leading ornithologists Lars Svensson (with a translation by David Christie) and illustrated by two of the world's finest bird illustrators - Killian Mullarney and Dan Zetterström. This book provides all the information needed to identify any species at any time of year, with detailed text on size, habitat, range, identification and voice.

Accompanying every species entry is a distribution map and colour illustrations (over 3500 in all) to show the species in all the major plumages (male, female, immature, in flight, at rest, feeding). The book is fully integrated, so that all this information appears on one spread, the ideal structure for use in the field. Each group of birds has an introduction, which covers the major problems involved in identifying or seeing them: how to organise a sea watching trip, how to separate birds of prey in flight, which duck hybrids can be confused with which species, etc.

The combination of definitive text, up-to-date distribution maps and superb illustrations, all in a single volume, makes this book the ultimate field guide, essential on every bookshelf and birdwatching trip.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Birds of Europe with North Africa & The Middle East, Lars Jonsson, Helm, Softback and Hardback.
Book description: 

Still one of the better field guides. Covers all but a few of the Western Palearctic's breeding birds. 400 superb colour plates by the author Lars Jonsson.


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:44 -- abc_admin

Birding tours

We know of no organised birding tours to Sudan.


We know of no birding guides in Sudan.

Trip reports

You can download a comprehensive trip report here.


Several foreign airlines fly into Sudan and Sudan Airways also operates scheduled international flights and has services throughout the country. Most of the major cities and towns in Sudan are linked by rail although rail travel tends to be slow and unreliable. A paved road exists between Khartoum and Port Sudan on the Red Sea but most of the roads are little more than dirt tracks made impassable after heavy rains. Travel is likely to be difficult and requires preparation in terms of permits and security checks. Care should be taken with the use of binoculars (permit not necessary) and cameras (for which a permit is required) near Government and sensitive sites such as bridges and airports.


The best advice is to check with your embassy before travelling to or around Sudan.

Other safety and health issues are no different from those in many African countries. Guidebooks, travel companies and websites provide much of the advice one needs, but key points warrant repetition here: (1) be aware of the risk of malaria and seek current advice, sleep in a sealed tent or under a net and take prophylaxis as recommended; (2) always ensure you have sufficient water and some method of purification (even if this comprises a pot and a campfire for boiling); (3) do not underestimate the danger of being in the sun for too long, ensure you use sun-block, drink plenty of water and wear a hat; (4) be aware of the risk of AIDS; (5) ensure that you take a reasonably-equipped first-aid pack with you including supplies of hypodermic and suturing needles. See the following 2 websites for safety and travel information: US Travel and UK FCO.


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:43 -- abc_admin

Most visitors to Sudan will either stay in Khartoum or pass through the city and they should take the opportunity to see something of the surprising variety of bird life that occurs there. Although the Three Cities (Khartoum, Omdurman and Bahri) lie in acacia and desert scrub habitat, the presence of the Nile makes the area a haven for birds. The introduction has further details of some of the birds of Khartoum and other areas in Sudan. This section has further information on bird watching hotspots in and around Khartoum as well as a few places further afield.

Tuti Island, situated in the confluence of the White and the Blue Nile, holds specialities such as Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptius, White-headed Babbler Turdoides leucocephala, Black Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas podobe, Chestnut-backed Sparrow Lark Eremopterix leucotis, Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis and Northern Masked Weaver Ploceus taeniopterus. Other regular species include Black-billed Wood Dove Turtur abyssinicus, Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus, Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala, Crimson-rumped Waxbill Estrilda rhodopyga, African Silverbill Euodice cantans, Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris pulchellus, Northern Red Bishop Euplectes franciscanus, Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis, Village Indigobird Vidua chalybeata, Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri, White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus, Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus, and during migration different subspecies of Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava, Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus, Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis and Rufous Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas galactotes. The island is however slowly losing its charms due to urban development. It is a fairly big island so one needs to visit different areas of it per trip.

Probably the most interesting birding hotspot in the city is The Sunt Forest. This lies within walking distance of the main hotels, on the east bank of the White Nile just south of its confluence with the Blue Nile. It consists of an area of Acacia woodland Acacia arabica adjoining a cultivated strip of the river bank. The whole area is flooded from about August to October, when it is not easily accessible. Minor flooding of the bank occurs at other times and this does affect which species are present. Palearctic migrants which winter include Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta, White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus, Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii and Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa; among Passerines Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus and several species of wagtail and wheatear occur. Intra-African migrants include pelicans, African Spoonbill Platalea alba, Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber, Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis, Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota, Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis and Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis.

One correspondent has seen a number of interesting additional species over the last four years including Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis, Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis, Fulvous Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor, Shikra Accipiter badius, Common Quail Coturnix coturnix, Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus, Great Snipe Gallinago media, Caspian Tern Sterna caspia, African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris, Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae, Red-billed Hornbill Tockus erythrorhynchus and Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus. This important area, the only forested area in Khartoum, is at risk due to commercial interests. For safety reasons it is not advisable to visit The Sunt alone, especially the woodlands.

Other interesting areas include the large irrigated agricultural project at Sileetat, just north of Bahri, and the smaller one at Umm Dom, to the east of Bahri. Resident birds include Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus, Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus, Singing Bush Lark Mirafra cantillans and Sudan Golden Sparrow Passer luteus. Palearctic migrants which winter include Black Stork Ciconia nigra, Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus, Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus, Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus, Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Ruff Philomachus pugnax in vast numbers, Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris, European White Stork Ciconia ciconia, Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica, Desert Wheatear O. deserti, Isabelline Wheatear O. isabellina and Pied Wheatear O. pleschanka. Cranes pass through on passage and may stop over. Sileetat Sewage Pools have significant concentrations of Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida, White-winged Tern C. leucopterus and Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea during the period April to June and also a range of other wetland birds. Further afield, Jebel Aulia Dam, about 50 km south of Khartoum has a range of birds similar to the Sunt, but the area is more extensive and less disturbed.

The Blue Nile shores east of town are also interesting with Senegal Thick-knee Burhinus senegalensis, Yellow-breasted Barbet Trachyphonus margaritatus and (probably seasonally) African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris and African Swallow-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii. There is also sporadic migration of Little Tern Sterna albifrons, Little Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis and White-throated Bee-eater M. albicollis.

Desert areas near Khartoum, Haj Yusif and Omdurman Hills contain Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus, Little Swift Apus affinis, Pallid Swift Apus pallidus, Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes, Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti and Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis.

Around the pyramids and temples of Meroë, Naqa and Musawarat, 200 km north of Khartoum, it is possible to see Cricket Warbler Spiloptila clamans, House Bunting Emberiza striolata, Fulvous Babbler Turdoides fulva, Black-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix nigriceps and Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes.

Jebel Marra in Darfur is an extinct volcano which towers 3,000 m over a ‘sea’ of dry savanna. Because of its isolation it has several endemic subspecies and species with western affinities or which otherwise occur much further south. Interesting birds here are Black-breasted Barbet Lybius rolleti, Long-tailed Glossy Starling Lamprotornis caudatus, Neumann’s Starling Onychognathus neumanni, Cliff Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris, Palestine Sunbird Cinnyris osea, Fox Kestrel Falco alopex and Black-faced Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata. At present, the security situation in this area is unstable due to the ongoing conflicts in Darfur.

A correspondent has sent a list of birds seen in 2006 in the city of Nyala in South Darfur State, and in and around the town of Mukjar in West Darfur which includes the following species: Garganey Anas querquedula; Ruppell's Vulture Gyps rueppellii; Fox Kestrel Falco alopex; Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni; Meyer's Parrot Poicephalus meyeri; Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius; Abyssinian Roller Coracias abyssinicus; Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus; Vieillot's Barbet Lybius vieilloti; Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae; Mosque Swallow Cecropis senegalensis; Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps; Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris pulchellus; Sharp-tailed Starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus; Yellow-Billed Oxpecker Buphagus africanus and Sahel Paradise-Whydah Vidua orientalis.

There appear to be few opportunities to visit major wildlife sites but The Dinder National Park situated on the Ethiopian border might offer an opportunity. It is one of the largest parks in the world and reportedly has Lion, Giraffe, Leopard, Kudu, Bushbuck and Antelope, together with several species of birds such as guineafowl, vultures, pelicans, storks, kingfishers and crowned cranes. Special three-day trips from Khartoum are organised in the high season (December-April).

There are few detailed bird records for Dinder, however the extent and quality of the habitat of low lying flood-plain indicate that many species of the Sudan-Guinea Savanna biome should be seen. Those that have been recorded include Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki, White-headed Babbler Turdoides leucocephala, Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps, Senegal Eremomela Eremomela pusilla, Black-faced Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata, Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes, Bush Petronia Petronia dentata, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver Plocepasser superciliosus and Cinnamon Weaver Ploceus badius.


Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:42 -- abc_admin

Country checklist and status


We are delighted that our Corporate Sponsor iGoTerra has made its country checklists, including subspecies (IOC or Clements) as well as all other species groups like mammals, butterflies etc. available through the ABC website. The only thing required is a Basic membership / registration which is free of charge. Go to Sudan checklists. If you are already a member of iGoTerra, you will be taken directly to the country page. In case you are not a member, you will be redirected automatically to the registration form and from there can go straight to the country page.

Endemic species

Cinnamon Weaver Ploceus badius

There is significant interest from international birdwatchers in this species. We understand however from the Khartoum Birdwatchers' Group that no one has been able to find a good description of it.

Red Sea Cliff Swallow Hirundo perdita is known only from a single type specimen found dead on the Red Sea coast of Sudan.

Near endemic species (found in 3 or less African countries)

Erckel’s Francolin Francolinus erckelii
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis
White-headed Babbler Turdoides leucocephala

Threatened species

Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita Critical
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus Vulnerable
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga Vulnerable
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca Vulnerable
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Vulnerable
Corncrake Crex crex Vulnerable

The lists of endemic, near endemic and threatened species have been compiled from a number of sources including the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 ® 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd.

Important Bird Areas

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 22:40 -- abc_admin

22 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) with a total land area of 18,040 km2 were designated by BirdLife International. Of these, 13 are legally or partly protected on paper at least. Of the 22, 13 are in Sudan and 9 in Southern Sudan following the split into the 2 countries. There have been few ornithological surveys in recent years and much of the data on which the selections have been made is out of date and possibly inaccurate.

Wadi Haifa is the only IBA in the north situated close to the border with Egypt and adjacent to the Lake Nasser IBA in Egypt. It has Saharan-Sindian species such as Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus and Pharaoh’s Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus.

3 IBAs are on the Red Sea: Mukawwar Island and Dunganab Bay; Khor Arba’at and Suakin Archipelago. The first 2 of these support Saharan-Sindian species such as Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus and Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti. The Suakin Archipelago is a large group of islets which support breeding colonies of 5 tern species: Greater Crested Tern Sterna bergii, Lesser Crested Tern S. bengalensis, White-cheeked Tern S. repressa, Bridled Tern S. anaethetus and Brown Noddy Anous stolidus. Small numbers of Brown Booby Sula leucogaster, Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii and Crab-plover Dromas ardeola also breed.

Gezira is a large flood-plain between the Blue and White Niles south of Khartoum. It is an important site for waterbirds and large counts of Garganey Anas querquedula, Ruff Philomachus pugnax and Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola have been observed in the past.

Um Badr Lake, Jebel Marra and En Nahud hold Sahel species such as Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs, Black Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas podobe and Chestnut-bellied Starling Lamprotornis pulcher.

The following IBAs are all in the southern parts of Sudan: Dinder; Lake Kundi; Lake Abiad; Radom and Ashana.

For further details, download the country IBAs from BirdLife International.


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