Approximately thirty airlines fly to South Africa with each of the major cities having an international airport, namely Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town. Flights are scheduled daily and there is a nominal airport departure tax that is usually included in the price of the ticket.
Private travel by car is by far the best and most convenient way to travel around South Africa. The majority of the major car hire companies are represented and all routes are well mapped, which makes for easy, hassle-free travel. Public transport is restrictive in terms of birding, however long-haul coaches are ideal for trips between major cities.
Guidebooks, travel companies and websites provide much of the advice one needs, but key points warrant repetition here: (1) be aware of the risk of malaria and seek current advice, sleep in a sealed tent or under a net and take prophylaxis as recommended; (2) always ensure you have sufficient water and some method of purification (even if this comprises a pot and a campfire for boiling); (3) do not underestimate the danger of being in the sun for too long, ensure you use sun-block, drink plenty of water and wear a hat; (4) be aware of the risk of AIDS; (5) ensure that you take a reasonably-equipped first-aid pack with you including supplies of hypodermic and suturing needles. See the following two websites or your own country’s embassy for the latest safety and travel information: US Travel and UK FCO.