Working for birds in Africa

Geography

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:47 -- abc_admin
Ocean_Sierra_Leone

Sierra Leone Atlantic Ocean at the Western Peninsula near Freetown

Image Credit: 
John Caddick
Gola_Forest_Sierra_Leone

Sierra Leone Stream in dense forest at Gola North

Image Credit: 
John Caddick
African Harrier-Hawk

African Harrier-Hawk

Image Credit: 
David Monticelli
Blue-headed Bee-eater

Blue-headed Bee-eater

Image Credit: 
David Monticelli

The Republic of Sierra Leone is situated in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Guinea and Liberia. It has a total land area of 71,740 km2 and a coastline of about 400 km.

The climate is tropical with a hot, humid summer rainy season from May to December and a winter dry season from December to April. Dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara from December to February. Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa.

The terrain is a coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, rainforest patches with mountains in the east, the highest point being Loma Mansa (Bintumani) at 1,948 m. The population is about 5 million and English is the official language although Krio (a heterogeneous patois) is the lingua franca. More details can be found at CIA Factbook.

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