The following largely unconfirmed records have been taken from recent editions of the African Bird Club Bulletin for information only.
from ABC Bulletin 26.1
Two older and hitherto unreported first records include that of an immature Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus photographed north of Diourbel on 6 January 1987 and only recently uploaded to eBird (NL, PT et al.); this is also the first for sub-Saharan Africa, as it predates the Spanish-ringed individual found dead in Mali’s Sikasso region on 19 January 1995. There are now seven records from Senegal, in 1987, 2005 (two), 2007, 2013 and 2018 (two). The first (and so far only) record for Senegal of Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus concerns a secondcalendar-year male photographed at Tiougoune, near Lompoul, Grande Côte, on 27 January 2014 (JW et al., https://ornithondar.blogspot. com/2014/03/27-evenement-1erephoto-dun-epervier.html). Records from June–December 2018 include the following. The first Turati’s Boubou Laniarius turatii for Senegal was discovered at Djibélor, near Ziguinchor, on 10 October; subsequently several observations of three different individuals were made (BB).
At least one Gadwall Mareca strepera, a rare Palearctic visitor, was in Djoudj National Park (=NP) on 11 December (WvZ). Eleven Marbled Teals Marmaronetta angustirostris and an adult Blacknecked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis still largely in breeding plumage near Ross Bethio, close to Djoudj NP, on 6 October is an early date (BP & VN). White-backed Night Herons Gorsachius leuconotus were observed at Wassadou, Tambacounda, on 16–17 June (three; BP, MLe) and by the Falémé River in Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 30 June (two; GC). An adult Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii was seen in rice paddies at Gamadji Saré on 5 October (Fig. 27; BP & VN). A presumed adult hybrid Little Egret Egretta garzetta × Western Reef Heron E. gularis in breeding plumage was at Dakar Technopôle on 7 July (Fig. 28; GC & BP).
A Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumenifer was photographed near Touba, Diourbel Region, on 21 November—an unusual site (JWh, JP & SJ, https://ebird.org/view/checklist/ S51461505). A Red-footed Booby Sula sula seen at Ngor on 11 June (BP) and 22 June (BP & MG) was probably one of the two birds observed several times in May; a dark morph flew north-east past Ngor on 13 November and, presumably the same individual, south-west two days later (BP). An adult Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo in breeding plumage (apparently race carbo or sinensis, rather than maroccanus) at Ngor on 2 November may have been the same individual as seen the previous winter (Fig. 29; BP & GC); one (the same?) was also there on 12 December (BP). A Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis photographed at Ross Bethio on 15 July (VN et al.) is the fifth or sixth for Senegal and the second for the north (one was at Trois Marigots in January 2013; FB). A first-calendar-year American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica was at Lac Mbeubeusse, Dakar Region, on 3 November (Fig. 30; BP, MLe, GC & RW) and an adult at Sarène, south of Mbour, on 9–10 November (MF, BP); the 12th and 13th records.
Approximately 860 Red Phalaropes Phalaropus fulicarius migrating past Ngor in 200 minutes on 11 August was apparently a single-day record for Senegal (BP & DO-M). Unusually large numbers of Long-tailed Skuas Stercorarius longicaudus migrating past Ngor were counted in August– September, with max. 217 in 75 minutes on 2 September; in total 500 individuals were noted between 10 August and 1 November (Fig. 31, BP). A Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan at Dakar Technopôle on 7 July (BP, MLe & GC), 22 August and 20 September (BP) was probably the same second-calendar-year individual as in May and June (cf. Bull. ABC 25: 245–246). What appears to be the first confirmed breeding by Little Tern Sternula albifrons in Dakar Region occurred at Lac Rose, with at least 14 nests counted in June (MLe, BP). A juvenile Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus flew south-west past Ngor on 17 September (BP). An immature African Hawk Eagle Aquila spilogaster at Popenguine Nature Reserve, Petite Côte, on 3 November (Fig. 32; BP, MLe, GC & RW) was outside the species’ usual range.
At Gamadji Saré, east of Podor, at least 45–50 Horus Swifts Apus horus again exhibited behaviour consistent with local breeding on 4–5 October (BP & VN); c.25 were there on 30 December (NP, ASp, JMG & TB) (The claim of up to 20 Whiterumped Swifts A. caffer at this site on 5–6 January 2018, mentioned in a previous Recent Reports [Bull. ABC 25: 246], is erroneous and should be disregarded.) At least six Mottled Swifts Tachymarptis aequatorialis were seen at Wassadou, Niokolo-Koba NP, on 16 June (BP & MLe). In the same park, two Green Turacos Tauraco persa were seen in gallery forest on 6 June (DD, J-JP & JR). A Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus was photographed at Bango, Saint-Louis, north of its known range, on 31 August (VN). The third Wahlberg’s (Brown-backed) Honeybird Prodotiscus regulus for Senegal was photographed at Campement du Lion, Niokolo-Koba NP, on 17 June (GC). Two Grey-rumped Swallows Pseudhirundo griseopyga at Dakar Technopôle on 7 July were very far north (MLe). Two Bluethroats Luscinia svecica were observed in rice paddies at Gamadji Saré on 5 October (BP & VN) and two Common Rock Thrushes Monticola saxatilis at Popenguine on 3 November (BP, MLe, GC & RW). Single Lesser Whitethroats Sylvia curucca were seen at Lac Tanma, Thiès Region, on 25 September (BP) and near Birkelane, Kaolack, on 26 December (NP, ASp, JMG & TB); the species is rare away from the Senegal River Delta.
Three Cricket Warblers Spiloptila clamans at Gueoul, north of Kebemer, on 21 November were well south of the species’ nearest known sites (JWh, JP & SJ). Three Neumann’s Starlings Onychognathus neumanni in Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 30 June were new to the reserve and probably wanderers, as there is no suitable habitat there (GC). A pair of Mali Firefinches Lagonosticta virata was photographed near the Gambia River, where it forms the southern boundary of Niokolo-Koba NP, on 5 June (Fig. 33, DD, J-JP & JR). Additional records from Casamance include the following (all BB et al., Association APALIS).
Two White-backed Night Herons were observed at Djifangor, Ziguinchor, on 4 September; 2–3 pairs bred in an abandoned gravel pit at Djibélor in September, where young were seen until 28 November; and an adult and a downy young were at Île de Egueye, Ziguinchor, on 18 December. A White-crested Tiger Heron Tigriornis leucolopha photographed in mangrove at Île de Egueye on 1 January 2017 was apparently the first record for Casamance in 38 years. The first Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus for Casamance was at Boudody, Ziguinchor, on 22 November. A moulting and flightless Little Crake Zapornia parva was captured by villagers in rice paddies at Kagnout, Ziguinchor, on 19 September. An adult Baillon’s Crake Z. pusilla was also there on 1 October.
Six Senegal Lapwings Vanellus lugubris at Kamobeul, Ziguinchor, on 30 September represented another first record in 38 years. An African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris was at Guidel, Ziguinchor, on 4 September and two Sun Larks Galerida modesta near Medina Gonasse, Velingara, on 7 October.
Apparent first records for Casamance include a Singing Bush Lark Mirafra cantillans at Bloc village, Sédhiou, on 2 December, several Plain Martins Riparia paludicola at Kambounda, Sédhiou, on 2 December, and two Great Reed Warblers Acrocephalus arundinaceus at Anambé, Velingara, on 5 December with one at Sare Bassi, Velingara, on 6 December. A Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes singing at Mandina, Ziguinchor, on 20 September, was apparently the first record since the 1980s. The second Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor elegans for Casamance was observed at Niambalang, Ziguinchor, on 1 December. Other records of interest include the following. A Barolo Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri baroli flew past Ngor on 11 August, with additional Boyd’s P. l. boydi / Barolo Shearwaters on 11 August (one), 28 August (one), 1 September (three) and 17 September (at least 14). As in previous years, there was a strong south-west passage of Cory’s Calonectris borealis / Scopoli’s Shearwaters C. diomedea at Ngor during the first half of November, with max. 2,119 individuals/hour on 9 November. Between 12 and 25 November, 32 Great Shearwaters Ardenna gravis flew south-west at Ngor (max. 24 in 135 minutes on 24 November), and 1–2 on 16 December. Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster were seen ten times from Ngor between 26 September (two) and 15 December. In November–December, a much stronger passage of Northern Gannets Morus bassanus was noted at Ngor than in 2017, with 1,690 counted flying south-west during 31 seawatches with max. 331 in one hour on 13 November (BP). Kelp Larus dominicanus and Yellowlegged Gulls L. michahellis were noted at Lac Rose on 23 June (BP & MLe), the latter also there on 29 July (three) and at Ngor on 23 August (BP). Audouin’s Gull Ichthyaetus audouinii has become increasingly regular during the summer months, with e.g. 215 at Lac Rose on 23 June (BP & MLe). An early Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini flew south-west at Ngor on 30 July; no strong passage was observed in September–November (max. 88 in 130 minutes on 10 October) (BP). Single Bridled Terns Onychoprion anaethetus were seen three times at Ngor in June; an adult and a juvenile flying north on 22 August (BP) may have come from Îles de la Madeleine, where at least three pairs were present on 28 July (DO-M); at Ngor, singles were also seen on 9 and 11 August (BP).
A Klaas’s Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas singing in Forêt de Bokhol, near Dagana, Saint-Louis Region, on 6 October was well north of its usual range (BP & VN). In Niokolo-Koba NP, Shining-blue Kingfishers Alcedo quadribrachys were seen at several sites, including Wassadou, in June (BP, MLe, JR et al.); the species is now regularly reported from the Niokolo-Koba area, with records in all seasons. A Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo was noted at Popenguine on 3 November (BP, MLe, GC & RW). A Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator near Diourbel on 18 June was possibly an oversummering individual (BP & MLe). A Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta at Campement du Lion, Niokolo-Koba NP, on 17 June (GC) and a Western Olivaceous Warbler Iduna opaca at Wassadou on 16 June were also rather unseasonal records (BP & MLe); a Western Olivaceous at Somone on 28 July may have been a fresh arrival (BP). A Black-faced Quailfinch Ortygospiza atricollis at Lac Mbeubeusse on 18 November was a first for this site (BP).
from ABC Bulletin 25.1
Records from the period July– December 2017 include the following. An adult Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor at Technopôle on 3–6 August was a rare (perhaps even the first) record for Dakar (Fig. 24; BP). A Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash flew over Almadies, Dakar, on 23 August; there were also several records of up to three south of Dakar in October, at Saly (where it has bred in the past) and Somone (BP). A juvenile Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii was at Yène-Todé, Dakar region, on 29 October (ML) and a juvenile White-backed Night Heron Gorsachius leuconotus near Kounkane, Velingara, Casamance, on 23 December (GCa). A Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia at Boundou Nature Community Reserve, in the south-east, on 25–26 November, is a rare inland record (GCa). A Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo at Ngor on 2 December (TdK) and, possibly the same, on 15 December, was identified as ssp. maroccanus (Fig. 25; BP). Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos bred again at Lac Tanma, north-east of Dakar: a female with 12 pulli was seen on 1 October (BP & ML).
A Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis was at YèneTodé on 29 October (ML); the species is rarely recorded in the Dakar area. Also there were three first calendar-year Common Shelducks Tadorna tadorna on 9 December (ML, TD, AA & ASK) and 17 December (Fig. 26; BP)—the second record for the site and the Dakar area, the first being of two birds on 5 January 1997. A Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca was observed at Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 4–5 November (GCa, TR, ET, DB & AL). Also there in November were at least six Northern Shovelers Spatula clypeata (GCa et al.). An Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus, now rarely noted in the north, was at Trois-Marigots, near Saint-Louis, on 25 December (FB), whilst at least 32 were counted at Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 26 November—a high number for the area (GCa).
Single European Honey Buzzards Pernis apivorus were noted near Guereo on 9 October and 27 December (BP), at Popenguine on 15 October (ML), at Parc de Hann, Dakar, on 21 October (TR & ET) and at Forêt de Patako, near Koular, Fatick region, on 5 November (ML); the species is rarely recorded in western Senegal. A melanistic Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar was photographed near the village of Dialacoto, just north of Niokolo-Koba National Park, on 22 August (Fig. 27; DD per JR). Two immature Bonelli’s Eagles Aquila fasciata were seen at TroisMarigots between 20 November and 25 December (FB). A Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis flew over Lac Tanma on 1 October (ML & BP), somewhat outside its regular range in Senegal. A Little Crake Zapornia parva was observed in Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 4–5 November (GCa, TR, ET, DB & AL) and an immature Baillon’s Crake Z. pusilla at the Saint-Louis sewage works on 25 December (Fig. 28; BP). Eurasian Coots Fulica atra were noted in the Dakar region at Lac Mbeubeusse on 7 October (two) and at Yène-Todé, on 21–29 October (two) (ML). A Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus was seen near Dialacoto on 1 May (per JR). A high count was that of c.1,400 Black-tailed Godwits Limosa limosa at Trois-Marigots on 25 December (FB). As in 2016, a Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus was at Dakar Technopôle on 31 December (BP).
A Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea at Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 26 November was a rare inland record (GCa); there were also three records of Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis there between 4 November and 30 December (GCa et al.). A Lesser Yellowlegs T. flavipes was photographed at YèneTodé on 13 November (Fig. 29; BP). The first Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius for Dakar Technopôle was present on 24 September–8 October (Fig. 30; ML, BP); one was at the Grand Lac, in the Djoudj, on 20 November (TdK) whilst the species was also reported from the inner Saloum Delta in December (GCl). Three Yellow-legged Gulls Larus michahellis were seen at Palmarin, in the Saloum Delta, on 1 December (TdK). A Kelp Gull L. dominicanus was at Dakar Technopôle, where it is probably a rare visitor, on 11 August (BP); at least 15 were at Palmarin on 30 November (TdK).
No fewer than eight records of Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus were reported between early November and late December: one at Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 3 November (GCa, TR, ET, DB & AL), one at Palmarin on 6 November (JH & TJ) and 1 December (TdK), one at Kousmar, Kaolack, on 30 November (CC & MJV), one flying in from the sea at Ngor on 2 December (BP), one at Guereo / Somone on 14 December (JB), one at Gandiol on 25 December (Fig. 31; BP) and one at Dakar Technopôle on 31 December (BP). A recently fledged Jacobin Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus at Somone on 9 October (Fig. 32) apparently represents the first confirmed breeding for Senegal; the hosts were probably Brown Babblers Turdoides plebejus (BP). An Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba was at Boundou Community Nature Reserve on 13 October (GCa), with two at the cliffs at Popenguine on 13 November, where up to nine Crag Martins Ptyonoprogne rupestris and at least three Blue Rock Thrushes Monticola solitarius were present in November–December (BP). What appears to be the first Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus for the Dakar area was singing at Technopôle on 31 December (BP). Two Eastern Olivaceous Warblers Iduna pallida were near Guereo on 28 December, in the same area as in March 2016 (BP).
A presumed Woodchat Lanius senator × Red-backed Shrike L. collurio was photographed at Lac Tanma on 26 August (Fig. 33; BP & GCa); this seems to be the first record for Africa of such a hybrid, but several have been observed in Western Europe. An Isabelline Shrike L. isabellinus was near Gossas, north of Kaolack, on 28 November (TdK). African Silverbill Euodice cantans was noted for the first time at Boundou, south of its known range, with up to three there in August– December (GCa et al.).
Migrating seabirds off Dakar were counted from mainland Ngor on 85 days (130 hours) between 22 July and 21 December. A total of 69,153 birds was counted, including 3,603 Sooty Shearwaters Ardenna grisea (between 4 September and 21 December), 91 Manx Shearwaters Puffinus puffinus (18 September–3 December), 32,250 Cory’s Calonectris borealis / Scopoli’s Shearwaters C. diomedea (strong passage on 6–11 November, with up to 4,157 per hour), one Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis on 8 November, followed by a suprising passage of 308 birds on 3–5 December (additionally, 3–4 were noted off Kayar during a pelagic trip on 15 November; Fig. 34; BP, ML et al.), one Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus, one Boyd’s Shearwater P. (baroli) boydi, max. 80 Wilson’s Storm-petrels Oceanites oceanicus on 14 October, a European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus on 11 November, 105 Red Phalaropes (18 September–11 November, max. 70 on 28 October), 3,326 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini, including an early migrant on 5 August, a record number of 1,492 on 25 October, and a late bird on 1 December, 126 Long-tailed Skuas Stercorarius longicaudus (11 August–19 December, with a peak in late August–September), 76 large skuas Stercorarius sp., including at least three South Polar Skuas S. maccormicki, and 99 Roseate Terns Sterna dougallii (24 August–24 October). Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster, mostly immatures, were noted eight times (BP). Note: contrary to the statement in previous ‘Recent Reports’, Fox Kestrel Falco alopex is not a vagrant to the country, but a regular migrant or probably a resident in the southeast (BP).
from ABC Bulletin 24.2
The following records are from January–June 2017. An adult female Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens at Îles de la Madeleine on 29–30 April (BP, MLe) is the first record for Senegal; details will be published in the next Bulletin. Approximately 5,500 Cape Verde Shearwaters Calonectris edwardsii were feeding off Ngor on 18 April. Two Great Shearwaters Ardenna gravis at Ngor on 25 May were apparently the first record for this month (BP). At least three adult and four immature Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster were at Îles de la Madeleine on 29 April and 15 May (BP, MLe). An adult Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus was roosting among gulls and terns on Île aux Oiseaux, Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie, on 7–12 April (PG et al.). A pair of African Pygmy Geese Nettapus auritus was observed at Mare de Simenti, Niokolo-Koba National Park, in mid January (IK per JR); there are few records, if any, for the park. A remarkably large flock of 52 Black-headed Herons Ardea melanocephala flew from Djoudj in the direction of Saint-Louis on 24 January (JR). An adult Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumenifer was at Trois-Marigots on 14 April (FB).
A male Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus was migrating north near Kabrousse, coastal Casamance, near the border with Guinea-Bissau, on 7 March; also there were six Lesser Kestrels Falco neumanni, apparently arriving from the south (BP). A second-calendar-year Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata was at Trois-Marigots on 9 February (FB). A Fox Kestrel Falopex—a vagrant to Senegambia— was perched on a small tree at Itato, 5 km south on the track linking the Kédougou–Salemata road to Dindéfello, on 28 February (Fig. 26; SS & BM per JR) An African Finfoot Podica senegalensis was observed on the Casamance River at Kolda on 17–18 May (Fig. 27; BP); there appear to be very few, if any, recent records from Casamance. At the same site, a White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra, also rarely recorded in Casamance, was heard on 17 May (BP). A Baillon’s Crake Zapornia pusilla was seen at the Ndiagabaar Hotel, just outside Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary, on 7 February (FL)
At Ngor, Dakar, Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini were observed on three dates between 24 and 30 April, with max. 40 migrating north-east on 28 April (BP). Noteworthy gulls at Dakar Technopôle included an adult Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan on 14 May (Fig. 33), three Mediterranean Gulls Ichthyaetus melanocephalus in January–March, with one still present on 23 April (BP), and a first-winter Common Gull Larus canus noted on four dates between 12 February and 22 April (Fig. 34; BP, J-FB)—the latter apparently the fifth record for Senegal, following two records near St. Louis in 1994, and two at Technopôle, in February 2013 and March 2015. Still at Technopôle, an adult African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris was observed on 4 June (Fig. 35; BP). A male Standardwinged Nightjar Caprimulgus longipennis in breeding plumage was at Trois-Marigots on 9 February (FB).
A Narina’s Trogon Apaloderma narina was encountered again in Dindéfello Nature Reserve on 16 February (Fig. 36; FL per JR); Dindéfello is the only site in Senegal where the species, which was first recorded here in 2010, occurs. A flock of c.120 Greater Shorttoed Larks Calandrella brachydactyla near Lac Rose on 8 January was an unusually large group this far south. Fanti Sawwing Psalidoprocne obscura was noted on several occasions around Toubacouta and Sandicoly, near Fatick, on 17–19 June (BP); this is a scarce seasonal visitor to the south-east Saloum Delta, an area somewhat further north than indicated on the distribution map in Borrow & Demey (2011. Birds of Senegal and The Gambia).
Two Leafloves Pyrrhurus scandens were identified in gallery forest at Dindéfello Nature Reserve on 3 February; this species was previously known only from southwest Senegal (JR). An Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina was near Lac Rose on 8 January (Fig. 37); the species is rarely recorded this far south in Senegal. An Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida was at Palmarin, Saloum Delta, on 19 February; the status of this North African migrant is inadequately known due to its similarity to Western Olivaceous Warbler I. opaca. A record of 5–10 Bush Petronias Gymnoris dentata at coastal Lompoul, about halfway between Dakar and Saint-Louis, on 4 January, fills a gap on its distribution map. A group of c.11 Zebra Waxbills Amandava subflava at Dakar Technopôle on 28 January and 16 on 3 March were the first for the Dakar region (Fig. 38; BP).
from ABC Bulletin 24.1
The following records are from July–December 2016. A new species for Senegal was observed during the period: Red-footed Booby Sula sula, with a juvenile seen on a pelagic trip off Dakar on 19 October, during the Pan-African Ornithological Congress (NM et al.). Off Ngor, Dakar, six Great Shearwaters Ardenna gravis were counted on 12 November, with another six on 19 November, whilst strong passage of Scopoli’s Shearwaters Calonectris diomedea was noted on 2–19 November, with several thousand on 12th (AB, MB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS). A Boyd’s Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri boydi flew past Ngor on 24 October (BP). Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster flew past Ngor on 25 October (one), 3 November (one) and 15 November (two) (BP), whilst up to four, including two adults, were present at Îles de la Madeleine on 20 and 27 November (Fig. 27; AB, MB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS); the occurrence of the species off the Cap Vert Peninsula seems to be increasing and the presence of a (presumed) pair of adults and two young is intriguing. Eleven Fulvous Whistling Ducks Dendrocygna bicolor were at Dakar Technopôle on 28 August (BP & MLe); the species is locally common in the north, but is a vagrant elsewhere in the country. A Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, rare outside the Senegal Delta area, was observed at Diofior, in the Saloum Delta, on 24 November (AB, GD, BG, CH, CP & CS). A White-crested Tiger Heron Tigriornis leucolopha was heard at Toubacouta, in the Saloum Delta, on 23 November, near the site where the species was reported in January and where, according to a local guide, it is regular (AB, GD, BG, CH, CP & CS). A Hungarianringed Little Egret Egretta garzetta was found at Ndiaffate, near Kaolack, on 20 December (SC).
A Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumenifer was at Trois-Marigots, near Saint-Louis, on 9 July (FB), whilst a large group of up to at least 73 Black Storks Ciconia nigra remained near Kaolack throughout December (SC). Three Woolly-necked Storks C. episcopus at Lac Tanma, north-east of Dakar, on 16 October were the first at this site (BP, J-MT, EB), as was one at Touba Sanokho, near Kaolack, on 4 December (SC). In the Saloum Delta, an adult Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis was observed at Palmarin on 24–26 November (AB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS). A Eurasian Coot Fulica atra was at Dakar Technopôle on 16–29 October (MI, CW, BP et al.). A Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria was observed at Lac Tanma on 12 November (MB, GD, BG, CH & CS) and an American Golden Plover P. dominica at Dakar Technopôle on 18 December (Fig. 28; BP). No fewer than five Buff-breasted Sandpipers Calidris subruficollis were recorded in the space of one month: one at Palmarin, Saloum Delta, on 24–26 November (AB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS), three near Lac Rose on 18 December (Figs. 29–30; BP) and one near Saint-Louis on 8 December and 21 December (FB); there are just two previous records for Senegal: one at Lac Retba (= Rose) on 22 April 1985 and five at Palmarin on 2 December 1994. A first calendar-year Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus was at Ngor on 19 November (AB, MB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS) and an adult Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan at Dakar Technopôle on 13 July (WH & MvL). A male Golden Nightjar Caprimulgus eximius was found dead on the road near Dikoul, 7 km east of Kébémer, on 12 November (Fig. 31; MB, GD, BG, CH, BP & CS).
A pair of Bluebellied Rollers Coracias cyanogaster was noted near Kayar, north-east of Dakar, on 11 December; the species is rare in central Senegal (BP). In September–December, several Barbary Falcons Falco (peregrinus) peregrinoides were reported: a first calendar-year at Ngor on 18 September and 10 October, with singles at Kaolack, Palmarin, Popenguine, Somone and Îles de la Madeleine (AB, MB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP, SC & CS); the taxon appears to be more widespread than previously thought. Two Greater Short-toed Larks Calandrella brachydactyla were observed at Palmarin, Saloum Delta, far from their regular wintering grounds in the north, on 25 November (Fig. 32; AB, GD, BG, CH, BP, CP & CS), with six at Kousmar, Kaolack, on 12 December (SC). Breeding of Redchested Swallow Hirundo lucida was confirmed at Gandiol, south of SaintLouis, in addition to the Djoudj area (BP & FB); it probably extends all along the coast from Dakar to Saint-Louis and Djoudj.
At least one Moltoni’s Warbler Sylvia subalpina was observed and sound-recorded near Gandiol on 11 September; this appears to be the fourth definite record for Senegal, after at least one individual at Richard Toll on 2 or 3 December 2013, possibly two different males in Djoudj National Park on 22 March 2014, and a male south of Djoudj on 7 April 2015 (cf. https://senegalwildlife.wordpress. com/2016/09/24/where-does-moltoniswarbler-overwinter/). The sighting of at least one male Blue-billed (African) Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata at Diembéring, near Cap Skirring, on 13 October, appears to confirm the species’ presence in Casamance. A Black-faced Quailfinch Ortygospiza atricollis was near Kayar, north-east of Dakar, on 11 December (BP).
from ABC Bulletin 23.2
The following records are mainly from the period December 2015– early June 2016, with a few from earlier dates. Two species were reported for the first time in the country: Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto—photographed in Parc de Hann, Dakar, where at least three were present on 5–8 May (Fig. 23; BP)—and, more surprisingly, Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus—photographed in Langue de Barbarie National Park (=NP) on 10 December (RBe; details elsewhere in this Bulletin). At least three Marbled Ducks Marmaronetta angustirostris were noted in Djoudj NP on 27 December (BP); this is a regular winter visitor albeit in small numbers. Two Red-necked Nightjars Caprimulgus ruficollis were observed at Trois-Marigots, near Saint-Louis, on 25 October 2015 (FB), and two European Nightjars C. europaeus in Boundou Community Reserve, in the southeast, in January (JD). Two adult Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster at Îles de la Madeleine on 2 January is a rare winter record (SM & SDu); an immature was at Ngor, Dakar, on 17 May (BP). A pair of Bronze-winged Coursers Rhinoptilus chalcopterus was found on recently burnt ground at Guéréo, near the Lagune de Somone, on 18–19 March (Fig. 24; BP); there are only a few records from western Senegal. Two pairs of Cream-coloured Coursers Cursorius cursor, including one with a 2–3-week-old juvenile, were seen at Trois-Marigots, near Saint-Louis, on 7 June (FB). The sixth Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes for the country was at Dakar Technopôle on 17 January (BP, JG & BD). Also there were a first-winter Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus on 6–9 March (Fig. 25; BP, GC, BD & JC); an adult Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis on 9 March (BP, JC & BD), with a subadult on 7 May (BP); and at least six Mediterranean Gulls Ichthyaetus melanocephalus between 21 January and 9 March (BP, WM, GC & AD); the latter species has been seen here annually since at least 2012. A Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus ringed in the Netherlands on 26 July 2015 and observed on 30 January appears to be the first ringed individual of this species to be reported from Senegal (BP). A White-crested Tiger Heron Tigriornis leucolopha was reported from the Saloum Delta, near Toubacouta, in late January (PB & GH) and a Pallid Heron Ardea (cinerea) monicae from Langue de Barbarie NP on 12–13 February (FB). Yellow-billed Storks Mycteria ibis were seen at Dakar Technôpole, where rare, on 30 April (two) and 7 May (one) (BP). A flock of 48–52 Black Storks Ciconia nigra was observed in Ndiael Faunal Reserve on 30 December (FB) and nine at Anguili, Boundou Community Reserve, in January (JD). On 9 November 2015, no fewer than 1,200 Eurasian Spoonbills Platalea leucorodia were counted in the lower Senegal Valley (FB).
Two Booted Eagles Hieraaetus pennatus were near Belly, Boundou Community Reserve, in December– January (JD). A Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciata was at Saint-Louis on 25 October 2015, with another in Ndiael Faunal Reserve on 9 January (FB). A juvenile Greater × Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga × pomarina from Lithuania was satellite-tracked through Senegal and The Gambia, from the Mauritanian border along the Ferlo to Casamance and the Saloum (see http://ornithondar.blogspot. fr/2016/01/exceptionnel-un-hybridelituanie...); at one point it only just managed to avoid a wind turbine, after which it remained on the ground for more than 20 hours, probably stunned by the pressure from the turbine. In addition to a few records from the north during the 2015/16 winter, Barbary Falcons Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides were noted eight times at Kousmar and Kaolack between late October and mid-December 2015, including twice a male and female together (SC); one was also reported from Palmarin on 30 December (SMe & SDu). A Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus was photographed at Langue de Barbarie NP on 15 November 2015 (RBe).
Two Bearded Barbets Lybius dubius near Gokho, south of Mboro, on 30 March, were well north of their known range; the species may be expanding northward and is now present up to Saint-Louis: it has been regularly reported from Bango since 2008 (FB) and also from Gandiol. Up to two Greater Honeyguides Indicator indicator were seen in SaintLouis between 10 December and 22 April (FB). Breeding of Little Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus was recorded in the Gandiol area, south of Saint-Louis, in February–April (FB, BP et al.). A Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla at Technopôle on 20 February appears to be the fourth for the Dakar area (BP). Four Red-chested Swallows Hirundo lucida were seen in Djoudj NP and at least nine, with evidence of breeding, at N’Digué, in the lower Senegal Valley, on 8 April (FB).
An Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida was photographed and sound-recorded at Guéréo, south of Dakar, on 19 March (Fig. 26; BP); there are very few records for this species outside the Djoudj area. At least three Cricket Warblers Spiloptila clamans at Trois-Marigots on 7 June were the second record there, the first being in 2004 (FB; see http://ornithondar.blogspot.sn). Single males of Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius and the rarely recorded Common Rock Thrush M. saxatilis were seen at Popenguine on 14 February (BP & BD). An African Thrush Turdus pelios and a Whitecrowned Robin Chat Cossypha albicapilla were at Toubab Dialaw, near Dakar, on 26–27 March, both at the northern edge of their ranges in Senegal. A Spotted Creeper Salpornis spilonotus was observed at Mako, south-east of Niokolo Koba NP, on 1 February (BD); the species is very rare and inadequately known in the country, with apparently just one previous record, in Niokolo Koba NP. Two Red-billed Queleas Quelea quelea landed briefly on a ship c.100 km off the Senegalese coast at 15°20’10.4280”N 18°03’23.1480”W (north-west of Dakar); this is extraordinarily far out at sea (RQ). An Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana was at Saint-Louis on 25 October 2015 (FB).
from ABC Bulletin 23.1
The following records are mainly from the period July–November 2015, with a few from earlier dates. A female Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos was at Lac Tanma, just north-east of Dakar near Kayar, on 11 September, at the same spot where a pair with young was found a few years ago. Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster were observed during four seawatches at Ngor, Dakar, between 4 and 25 October and on 21 November, with a max. of two adults and one immature on 25 October. Other seabirds recorded from the same site include two Great Shearwaters Ardenna gravis on 19 September, c.600 Sooty Shearwaters A. grisea on 24 September, with c.380 the next day, and up to 30 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini on 6 September. At least two Hadada Ibises Bostrychia hagedash were at Lac Rose, on the outskirts of Dakar, on 9 August. Two adult Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina were noted at Lac Tanma on 11 September; this species is apparently a scarce wanderer / migrant in westcentral Senegal. An adult Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus at the Mamelles, Dakar, on 31 August is apparently an unseasonal record; the usual wintering birds were seen from 7 October onwards.
On 15 September, a Forbes’s Plover Charadrius forbesi was observed along the highway running through Niokolo-Koba National Park (=NP), near the bridge over the Niokolo-Koba River; the species is considered a rare intra-African migrant in Senegal. An old record was received of a European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria—a rare vagrant— at Ngor, Dakar on 15 December 1998; both American P. dominica and Pacific Golden Plovers P. fulva were excluded at the time. The fourth Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes for Senegal stayed along the Saloum River, between Keur Wally Ndiaye and Bandoukou, from 3 January until at least 12th; the third was at the Kaolack saltpans in March 2013; another was observed at Dakar Technopôle on 15 August. A Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus was photographed in Langue de Barbarie NP, in the north-west, on 15 November. A Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer was singing north of Popenguine, on the Petite Côte, south of Dakar, on 13 September, north of its known range. In Niokolo-Koba NP, a Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys was photographed on 4 July. Near the same park, a Wahlberg’s Honeybird Prodotiscus regulus was reported next to Wassadou Camp on 30 January.
The second Rufous-rumped Lark Pinarocorys erythropygia for Senegal was observed in Boundou Community Reserve on 10–12 November; the first, only recently reported, dates from February 1985 in nearby Niokolo- Koba NP. A Greater Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens was singing in mangroves at Somone Nature Reserve, between Dakar and Mbour, on 25 September; the population at Technopôle and other Niayes wetlands is now quite well known, but the distribution of this species further south is unclear. A Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis was seen at Pointe des Almadies, Dakar, on 7 October, well north of its known range.
from ABC Bulletin 22.1
The following were reported from Dakar Technopôle in March - May 2015. Three Egyptian Geese Alopochen aegyptiaca first seen on 26 April were still present on 9 May, well outside their known range and apparently the first record for the peninsula (cf. Borrow, N. & Demey, R. 2011. Birds of Senegal and The Gambia). An American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica in non-breeding plumage was present on 26 April and (presumably the same individual) on 9 May, when breeding plumage was starting to appear; this is the sixth record for Senegal. An adult Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan was observed on 15 March and (possibly the same individual) 3 May.
In Îles de la Madeleine National Park, Dakar, park rangers counted a record 96 nests of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus in 2015; at least 50 contained young. On 27 June, at least six Bridled Terns Onychoprion anaethetus were seen; 3 - 4 pairs may breed on the islands this year. Also there was an adult Brown Booby Sula leucogaster.
from ABC Bulletin 21.2
Records from January - April 2014 include the following. A Desert Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus was observed at Réserve de Faune de Ndiaël, near Rosso Bethio, on 10 May; this is the first sight record for the country - the only previous record is that of a bird found dead on Serpent Islet, near Dakar, in March 1974 (a claim of a pair in Basse Casamance in March 1983 undoubtedly represents a misidentification).
In Djoudj National Park, 16 Black Storks Ciconia nigra were counted on 12 - 13 January; this species has recently become more regular in the country. Two male Eurasian Wigeons Anas Penelope and 45 Marbled Teal Marmaronetta augustirostris were also present. Five Stone-curlews Burhinus oedicnemus were identified near Richard Toll on 11 January. An adult Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla was at St. Louis on 10 January, with a second-winter possibly also present; previous records of this American vagrant are from further south. Also there were a first- and second-winter Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus, a scarce Palearctic winter visitor. A nest of a Greater Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens was found in a reedbed at the Grand Lac des Maristes, Dakar, on 19 April, with an adult feeding two young ten days later; most records of this species are from the north. Also there were two Purple Swamphens Porphyrio porphyrio with a juvenile. Hundreds of thousands Red-billed Queleas Quelea quelea were encountered in the Richard Toll area on 11 January.
from ABC Bulletin 21.1
Records from 2013 include the following. At least ten occupied nests of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus were counted at the regular breeding site on the Îles de la Madeleine, off Dakar, on 17 February, most with adults still incubating and one with a single chick; one nest contained a dead adult; the site has apparently not been monitored in recent years. A female Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos with six pulli was observed at Lac Tanma, north-west of Thies, on 3 November; although breeding was suspected, there appear to be no previous confirmed nesting records for Senegal. A small group Speckle-fronted Weavers Sporopipes frontalis at Almadies, Dakar, in mid February was rather unusual at this location.
from ABC Bulletin 20.2
The following observations were made during field work in Djoudj NP (including areas close to the park's border, especially in inundated areas east and south-east of the villages of Tiguet and Debi) between 5 January and 4 February 2013. A Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris was seen at Grand Lac on 31 January; additionally, moulted feathers were found at three locations. Black Storks Ciconia nigra were observed on 20 days, usually in small groups, the largest of 36, on 18 January. On the same date, the max. number of Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina, 30 individuals, was counted. Thirty Baillon's Crakes Porzana pusilla were trapped and ringed and a few more observed in inundated grassy plains at different locations. Two Little Crakes P. parva were ringed and up to five observed along an area of Typha of a few hundred metres near the 'station biologique'. Seven Spotted Crakes P. porzana were trapped at different locations. Several Temminck's Stints Calidris temminckii were observed, amongst them a group of 12 on 2 February. A Marsh Owl Asio capensis was photographed south of Tiguet on 8 January. A Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia was singing near Tiguet on 9 January, one was seen near Diadem II on 12 January and two were ringed south-east of Debi on 26 January. Five Aquatic Warblers Acrocephalus paludicola were captured on 8 January, including a bird ringed at almost the same place on 24 December 2010, and at least three additional, unringed individuals were seen on 9th in the same area of < 200 x 200 m south of Tiguet.
from ABC Bulletin 20.1
The first confirmed record for West Africa of Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus was a juvenile photographed at Gandiole, c.15 km south of St Louis, on 14 October 2012; details will be published in Bull. ABC. An Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba fatally hit the hotel in Djoudj National Park on 5 March.
from ABC Bulletin 19.2
What would constitute the first Red Kite Milvus milvus for the country was observed from the jetty of Keur Saloum in the Sine Saloum Delta on 23 February 2012; the rusty brown colour, as opposed to the dark brown of the Yellow-billed Kites Milvus migrans parasiticus in the area, and the deeply forked tail were conspicuous. A Common Crane Grus grus was photographed in the company of two Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina in Djoudj National Park on 22 January; this is the second record for Senegal.
from ABC Bulletin 19.1
The following observations were made during field work in Djoudj National Park (including areas near Tiguet, close to the park’s border) between 17 December 2010 and 25 February 2011. A Eurasian (Great) Bittern Botaurus stellaris was observed on 20 January. Black Storks Ciconia nigra were seen on 38 days with numbers varying from 1 - 11; the largest group was observed on 28 December. The max. number of Glossy Ibises Plegadis falcinellus was 300 individuals near Tiguet on 5 February. Approximately 350 Western Marsh Harriers Circus aeruginosus flying over marshland apparently used for roosting on 25 January, was the largest group observed. A second-calendar year Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides was photographed near Tiguet on 12 February.
A Spotted Crake Porzana porzana was observed on 23 February. About 40 Baillon’s Crakes P. pusilla were captured and 34 seen, all in flooded grassy habitats. Collared Pratincoles Glareola pratincola were encountered almost daily, with a max. c.1,100 hunting over marshland near Tiguet on 17 January. Single Temminck’s Stints Calidris temminckii were seen on 26 December and 7 February, and single Jack Snipes Lymnocryptes minimus on 7 and 30 January, and 1, 7 and 18 February. Red-chested Swallows Hirundo lucida were observed regularly and 20 were ringed; several old nests were discovered under a bridge.
Birds ringed between 18 February 2010 and 24 February 2011 in the same area included 53 Grasshopper Warblers Locustella naevia, 40 Aquatic Warblers Acrocephalus paludicola and 1,135 Sedge Warblers A. schoenobaenus. In St. Louis harbour, two Mediterranean Gulls Larus melanocephalus were observed on 27 January 2011.
from ABC Bulletin 18.2
A flock of c.1,500 White Storks Ciconia ciconia was observed on the outskirts of Gossas, between Djourbel and Kaolack, on 4 January 2011; large flocks have become very unusual. In Djoudj National Park, at least five Black Storks C. nigra were seen on 1 - 2 January and an immature Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus was photographed.
Records from January - March 2010 include the following. A Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris was observed in Djoudj National Park on 21 January; there are very few records for the park. Sightings of pale Grey Herons Ardea cinerea at Langue de Barbarie on 18 January and in the Djoudj on 20th were probably of the race monicae, which has been recorded as a vagrant from Mauritania. An Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni and two Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus were seen in the Djoudj, on 22 January. Also there, a Common Crane Grus grus was photographed with Black-crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina on 22 and 25 March; this appears to be the first country record. A flock of c.8 Fulvous Babblers Turdoides fulvus was seen near Richard-Toll.
In April, at least two Narina's Trogons Apaloderma narina were photographed on several dates in semi-decidious and gallery forest at Dindéfélo, in the extreme south-east, near the border with Guinea- Conakry; this is a new species for the country.
The following were recorded during field work in the Khossanto - Bambaraya - Sabodala area, north of Kédougou, in the extreme south-east, in July–August and November 2009. The first Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis for the country was discovered at a reservoir on 29 July; there are very few records from neighbouring countries west of the Inner Niger Delta in Mali. At the same dam, a male Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus on 29 July and 1–2 males and one female on 4 August are the first records for the south-east. Also there was an immature Black Stork Ciconia nigra on 14 November; this species is rarely observed inland. A Little Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus was flushed from the long grass at the reservoir’s edge on 4 August; this species is known from relatively few records in the country, mainly from the north. Also new for the south-east were African Crake Crex egregia (singles observed at three localities), Allen’s Gallinule Porphyrio alleni (three at the reservoir) and Purple Swamphen P. porphyrio (up to four at the reservoir), all in July–August. A foraging Adamawa Turtle Dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha was observed at Khossanto on 25 July, whilst in the dry season, in November, four singing birds were found at three other sites; these are new localities for this inadequately known species, which has been recorded in Niokolo-Koba to the west and in south-west Mali to the east. In the rainy season, at least nine singing Dorst’s Cisticolas Cisticola guinea were recorded; all were silent in November. Small numbers of Croaking Cisticolas C. natalensis were seen throughout; there are remarkably few records in Senegambia of this species. A male Heuglin’s Masked Weaver Ploceus heuglini in breeding plumage was with a mixed-species flock on 14 July; this species was not mapped for the south-east. Two Mali Firefinches Lagonosticta virata were found on a rocky hillside on 20–22 November.
A Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus was observed in the company of nine Senegal Thick-knees B. senegalensis at Dakar on 4 February 2009; there are few records so far south.
A French seawatching team claimed a Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle in non-breeding plumage off Dakar on 11 and 12 October 2008; as this would be the first record not only for Senegal but also for the whole of Africa, details are eagerly awaited. The same team recorded a total of 22,304 seabirds in 61.3 hours of seawatching from the terrace of the Calao, on Isle N’Gor, on 5 - 12 October, including 7 Bulwer’s Petrels Bulweria bulweri, 447 Cape Verde Shearwaters Calonectris edwardsii, 4,245 Sooty Shearwaters Puffinus griseus, 1,421 Pomarine Skuas Stercorarius pomarinus, 1,200 Arctic Skuas S. parasiticus, 262 Long-tailed Skuas S. longicaudus, a Laughing Gull Larus atricilla, a Franklin’s Gull L. pipixcan, 2,610 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini, 539 Lesser Crested Terns Sterna bengalensis, 5,298 Sandwich Terns S. sandvicensis, 49 Roseate Terns S. dougallii, 2,869 Common Terns S. hirundo, 1,020 Arctic Terns S. paradisaea, 138 Little Terns S. albifrons and 1,318 Black Terns Chlidonias niger. Fifteen Ospreys Pandion haliaetus were also observed.
Noteworthy records from a visit to Djoudj National Park on 23 - 25 January 2008 include four Marbled Ducks Marmaronetta angustirostris, two adult males and one immature Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, a juvenile Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus (rare in the park), a Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus and an Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius (seen at close range during daylight and photographed).
A Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes was photographed at Djoudj National Park on 3 March 2007 and an adult Franklin’s Gull Larus pipixcan at Saint Louis on 28 February.
Impressive numbers of seabirds were counted from N’Gor on 5-28 October, including 112 Bulwer’s Petrels Bulweria bulwerii, 4,433 Cape Verde Shearwaters Calonectris (diomedea) edwardsii, many Cape Verde / Cory’s Shearwaters C. d. edwardsii / borealis, one Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis, 9,739 Sooty Shearwaters P. griseus, 91 Manx Shearwaters P. puffinus, two Little Shearwaters P. assimilis boydi, c.100 Wilson’s Oceanites oceanicus and European Storm-petrels Hydrobates pelagicus, 916 Red (Grey) Phalaropes Phalaropus fulicarius, 4,982 Pomarine Skuas Stercorarius pomarinus, 2,879 Arctic Skuas S. parasiticus, 864 Long-tailed Skuas S. longicaudus, 762 ‘Great’ Skuas Catharacta sp., 692 Audouin’s Gulls Larus audouinii, 6,724 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini, 147 Caspian Terns Sterna caspia, 659 Royal Terns S. maxima, 1,043 Lesser Crested Terns S. bengalensis, 11,075 Sandwich Terns S. sandvicensis, four Roseate Terns S. dougallii, 48,148 Common S. hirundo / Arctic Terns S. paradisaea, six Bridled Terns S. anaethetus, two Sooty Terns S. fuscata, 204 Little Terns S. albifrons and 29,309 Black Terns Chlidonias niger.
Three Black Storks Ciconia nigra were foraging with three Eurasian Spoonbills Platalea leucorodia in Djoudj National Park on 6 December 2006. In early 2007, the Djoudj held 10,000 adult Great White Pelicans Pelecanus onocrotalus and 3,000 chicks, c.1,000 Lesser Flamingos Phoeniconaias minor and 34,000 White-faced Whistling Ducks Dendrocygna viduata. An adult Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus was observed on its nest, sheltering a chick from the sun, c.11 km north of Ouarack, Louga area, on 4 March. Hundreds of Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni were seen for the fourth year running in the Kaolack area, on 13-14 January. On 1 March, 110 Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis were counted at Ndigue, in the Djoudj area. A small wader photographed near Langue de Barbarie on 15 January was identified as a Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri; this would be the first for Senegal and West Africa, if accepted. A Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes was photographed in the Djoudj on 3 March; this is apparently only the second for Senegal, the previous record being from January 1991, when one was discovered near Dakar. Over 400 Black-winged Stilts Himantopus himantopus and 70 Senegal Thick-knees Burhinus senegalensis were counted at Technopôle, Dakar, on 10 March. An adult Franklin’s Gull Larus pipixcan was photographed just south of Saint-Louis on 28 February; this is the sixth record for Senegal. An African Moustached Warbler Melocichla mentalis was at Anambe, south of Velingara in early December.
An exceptionally large flock of 620 European Storm-petrels Hydrobates pelagicus was foraging with the incoming tide on the Senegal River at St Louis on 20 April 2006. The third American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica for the country was photographed at Ziguinchor, Casamance, on 16–17 October; the previous records were made in May 1979 and October 2005. A Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida was observed at Kafountine on 21 October; surprisingly, this appears to be only the second for Senegal.
Records from December 2005-March 2006 include the following. A Northern Gannet Sula bassana and a Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus were observed at the îles de la Madeleine on 17 February; this is a very early date for the latter species. An exceptionally large flock of 117 Black Storks Ciconia nigra was seen in the Ndiaël on 6 February. A flock of c.1,200 Lesser Flamingos Phoeniconaias minor was on Grand Lac in Djoudj National Park (=NP) on 11 February.
A Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was with hundreds of Garganeys A. querquedula and Northern Shovelers A. clypeata at Lac Youl, near Malika, east of Dakar, on 3 March. A male American Wigeon Anas americana remained in Djoudj NP from 20 December till at least mid-March. It was joined by another male on 19-20 January; the only previously documented record for West Africa (and for the Afrotropics) was also in the Djoudj in February 1975. Other records from Djoudj NP include a pair of Gadwall Anas strepera on 20 January, with the mid-January count recording three; this species is a very rare visitor to the region. Also there was a flock of c.15 Ferruginous Ducks Aythya nyroca on 19 January; this Palearctic migrant is a rare visitor to the area.
A single flock of at least 170 Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina was observed in the Ndiaël on 4 February, with a total of over 250 counted during the same day. A Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii, seen well in Djoudj NP on 13 February, is a new species for the park. A Laughing Gull Larus atricilla was noted at Siné Saloum on 28 December.
In the southern part of Ndiaël Faunal Reserve, a Kordofan Lark Mirafra cordofanica was found on 14 February. A Fulvous Babbler Turdoides fulvus was seen well near Richard-Toll in January; the species was found breeding at this site in 2004. A Cinnamon-breasted Rock Bunting Emberiza tahapisi was encountered at Popenguine on 18 February.
In October 2005, an American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica was present at Technopole, Dakar, on 29th. In December 2005, two Nearctic vagrants were found: an American Wigeon Anas americana at Djoudj National Park on 20th, probably a young male, and a Laughing Gull Larus atricilla at Siné Saloum on 28th.
The following records were reported in October 2004-March 2005. A White-crested Tiger Heron Tigriornis leucolopha was photographed at Toubakuta, Siné Saloum, on 2 October. On 16 January, three Little Bitterns Ixobrychus minutus were seen in Djoudj NP (=National Park), one of which appeared to be a male of the African race payesii; there appear to be few confirmed records of this race from Senegal. A male Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was found among a large flock of Garganey A. querquedula in Djoudj NP on 4 March 2005; there are only two previous records from Senegal, both of males in early March (Morel & Morel 1990. Les Oiseaux de Sénégambie) in 1975 and 1979. As in 2004, hundreds of kestrels leaving their roost near Kaolack on 16 January appeared to be predominantly Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni with a few Common Kestrels F. tinnunculus; they were still present in early February. A very large female Peregrine Falcon F. peregrinus, presumably of the race calidus, was seen well in Djoudj NP on 18 January. A male Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis was between Tambacounda and Kaolack on 6 February. What appears to be the first Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida for Senegal was sighted in a mixed bird party in dense riparian woodland along the Gambia River at the Campement Safari, Mako, just outside the eastern limits of Niokolo Koba NP, on 21 December; the species was seen again and photographed on 16 February.
Records from 1–8 December 2004 in the extreme north-west include two Black Storks Ciconia nigra in Ndiaël Faunal Reserve on 4th and five in Djoudj National Park on 7th. At least ten Ferruginous Ducks Aythya nyroca were in the Djoudj on 3rd. Birdlife appeared quite different form previous years: several normally common species were scarce (with European White Stork Ciconia ciconia conspicuously absent), while a few others were encountered for the first time. Up to three Bearded Barbets Lybius dubius were seen daily near Bango village, St Louis, during that first week of December; this is a significant northward range extension. Four Kordofan Larks Mirafra cordofanica were found in Ndiaël on 4th and three Cricket Warblers Spiloptila clamans near Marigot Two on 2nd.
Other records from the period November 2003 to January 2004 include the following. Fifteen Black Storks Ciconia nigra were counted in Djoudj National Park on 28 December; the species winters in the park in October to March. On 25 January one was observed with a metallic ring on the left leg and a white ring with a letter 'S' on the right and a flock of 29 near Kaolack was seen on 12 December. An exceptionally large flock of at least 550 European White Storks C. ciconia was at a seasonal lake at Ndiaël on 4 December. A Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus was at N'Dayane, south of Dakar on 8 December. Eurasian Griffon Vultures Gyps fulvus were reported from near Dakar (one, 3 December), near Kaolack (singles, 14 and 16 December), and the Louga area (eight at various roadside casualties, 25 January, and one, 30 January). An immature Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus was in the Bango area, near St Louis on 26 January; this Palearctic migrant appears to winter in the area in small numbers. Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, observed on 2 November at the Technopole wetland, Dakar, appears to be resident in the area. On 7 December a Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami was seen near Djoudj National Park. A Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys was on a small stream in Niokolo Koba National Park on 1415 December.
A Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis was found in the Bango area, St Louis on 26 January; this species was first recorded in northern Senegal in 1989 and the birds were ascribed to ssp. asbenaicus although the measurements were somewhat large. The very greyish colouration of the bird at Bango does not match this form an undescribed race? A group of four Fulvous Babblers Turdoides fulva were nest building in the Richard Toll area on 28 January; there are few records for northern Senegal and this may constitute the first confirmed breeding record. A male Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus was seen in Djoudj National Park on 29 January.
Records from the period July to December 2002 include the following: Nineteen Black Storks Ciconia nigra were present at Ndiaël Faunal Reserve on 5 December; a Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris was at N'dayane, south of Dakar, on 27 November. A European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus with almost entirely white underparts was noted near Toubakouta on 17 October; there are few records of this species in Senegal. An adult Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus was east of Diourbel on 13 December and three sub-adult Eurasian Griffon Vultures Gyps fulvus were at a carcass south of Saint Louis on 27 November. The latter are regularly victims of poisoning; a juvenile ringed as a nestling in France was shot in the Toubacouta area six months later, on 7 December 2001. Seven Short-toed / Beaudouin's Snake Eagles Circaetus gallicus / beaudouini were counted in a patch of savanna of 3 km from Toubakouta on 27 October; four Brown Snake Eagles C. cinereus were seen together near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta, on 6 November. A Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus was observed near Keur Lahine, Toubakouta, on 15 November; this eagle has dramatically decreased in the area since the 1980s. Two Denham's Bustards Neotis denhami were recorded near Toubakouta in October and two more in November; in certain years with few rains in the north, there is an influx of this declining species in the south. Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei is still present in the Guinguinéo area, although decreasing; it is more common towards the Gambian border.
At a seasonal lake in Ndiaël Faunal Reserve c5000 Gull-billed Terns Sterna nilotica were roosting on 23 November. Four-banded Sandgrouse Pterocles quadricinctus were observed coming to drink at dawn and dusk, at pools formed at public taps in Kaolack town in July-August, and in Guinguinéo, north-east of Kaolack, in October and November. Adamawa Turtle Doves Streptopelia hypopyrrha were regularly seen (at least four birds were involved) at Niokolo-Koba National Park on 1517 December. A juvenile Jacobin Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus was at Popenguine Reserve on 28 November. About 20 Great Spotted Cuckoos Clamator glandarius were seen migrating north near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta, in mid-July; this is an unusually large number of a species which has decreased notably since the 1970s. A Pel's Fishing-owl Scotopelia peli was found at Niokolo-Koba National Park on 1617 December. Six Swallow-tailed Bee-eaters Merops hirundineus and c20 Northern Carmine Bee-eaters M. nubicus were observed at the Djikoye River, near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta on 2125 December; these species are rare in the area. In Delta du Saloum National Park, a Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor was seen on 13 December. Two Little Grey Woodpeckers Dendropicos elachus and three Sennar Penduline Tits Anthoscopus punctifrons were found south of Marigot Three on 7 December. Two Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weavers Plocepasser superciliosus were nest-building south of Thies on 19 December. Two Orange-breasted Waxbills Sporaeginthus subflavus were at Djoudj National Park on 25 November.
In January 2002, a flock of c60 Intermediate Egrets Egretta intermedia was at Marigot One on 5th. Six Black Storks Ciconia nigra were also there and a further nine at Ndiaël Reserve on 7th. A flock of c300 European White Storks Ciconia ciconia flew over Ndiaël Reserve on 7th. A Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus was seen in Saloum National Park on 12th. Two female African Finfoot Podica senegalensis were on the Gambia river in Niokolo Koba National Park between 15-19th, an unusual sighting in this area. Also in Niokolo Koba, a group of at least six Adamawa Turtle Doves Streptopelia hypopyrrha were near Simenti lodge on 16-19th. Two Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba flew over Simenti lodge on 18th and one was seen over Kaolack on 19th. Three Swallow-tailed Bee-eaters Merops hirundineus were in Saloum National Park on 12-13th. A Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus was seen in Niokolo Koba on 15-17th. A Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes was observed in Ndiaël Reserve on 7th; this species appears to have been regular here during the last three years.