Working for birds in Africa

Senegal

News

Wed, 02/06/2013 - 15:32 -- abc_admin

The following largely unconfirmed records have been taken from recent editions of the African Bird Club Bulletin for information only.

from ABC Bulletin 23.1

The following records are mainly from the period July–November 2015, with a few from earlier dates. A female Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos was at Lac Tanma, just north-east of Dakar near Kayar, on 11 September, at the same spot where a pair with young was found a few years ago. Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster were observed during four seawatches at Ngor, Dakar, between 4 and 25 October and on 21 November, with a max. of two adults and one immature on 25 October. Other seabirds recorded from the same site include two Great Shearwaters Ardenna gravis on 19 September, c.600 Sooty Shearwaters A. grisea on 24 September, with c.380 the next day, and up to 30 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini on 6 September. At least two Hadada Ibises Bostrychia hagedash were at Lac Rose, on the outskirts of Dakar, on 9 August. Two adult Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina were noted at Lac Tanma on 11 September; this species is apparently a scarce wanderer / migrant in westcentral Senegal. An adult Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus at the Mamelles, Dakar, on 31 August is apparently an unseasonal record; the usual wintering birds were seen from 7 October onwards.

On 15 September, a Forbes’s Plover Charadrius forbesi was observed along the highway running through Niokolo-Koba National Park (=NP), near the bridge over the Niokolo-Koba River; the species is considered a rare intra-African migrant in Senegal. An old record was received of a European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria—a rare vagrant— at Ngor, Dakar on 15 December 1998; both American P. dominica and Pacific Golden Plovers P. fulva were excluded at the time. The fourth Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes for Senegal stayed along the Saloum River, between Keur Wally Ndiaye and Bandoukou, from 3 January until at least 12th; the third was at the Kaolack saltpans in March 2013; another was observed at Dakar Technopôle on 15 August. A Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus was photographed in Langue de Barbarie NP, in the north-west, on 15 November. A Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer was singing north of Popenguine, on the Petite Côte, south of Dakar, on 13 September, north of its known range. In Niokolo-Koba NP, a Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys was photographed on 4 July. Near the same park, a Wahlberg’s Honeybird Prodotiscus regulus was reported next to Wassadou Camp on 30 January.

The second Rufous-rumped Lark Pinarocorys erythropygia for Senegal was observed in Boundou Community Reserve on 10–12 November; the first, only recently reported, dates from February 1985 in nearby Niokolo- Koba NP. A Greater Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens was singing in mangroves at Somone Nature Reserve, between Dakar and Mbour, on 25 September; the population at Technopôle and other Niayes wetlands is now quite well known, but the distribution of this species further south is unclear. A Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis was seen at Pointe des Almadies, Dakar, on 7 October, well north of its known range. 

from ABC Bulletin 22.1

The following were reported from Dakar Technopôle in March - May 2015. Three Egyptian Geese Alopochen aegyptiaca first seen on 26 April were still present on 9 May, well outside their known range and apparently the first record for the peninsula (cf. Borrow, N. & Demey, R. 2011. Birds of Senegal and The Gambia). An American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica in non-breeding plumage was present on 26 April and (presumably the same individual) on 9 May, when breeding plumage was starting to appear; this is the sixth record for Senegal. An adult Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan was observed on 15 March and (possibly the same individual) 3 May.

In Îles de la Madeleine National Park, Dakar, park rangers counted a record 96 nests of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus in 2015; at least 50 contained young. On 27 June, at least six Bridled Terns Onychoprion anaethetus were seen; 3 - 4 pairs may breed on the islands this year. Also there was an adult Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

from ABC Bulletin 21.2

Records from January - April 2014 include the following. A Desert Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus was observed at Réserve de Faune de Ndiaël, near Rosso Bethio, on 10 May; this is the first sight record for the country - the only previous record is that of a bird found dead on Serpent Islet, near Dakar, in March 1974 (a claim of a pair in Basse Casamance in March 1983 undoubtedly represents a misidentification).

In Djoudj National Park, 16 Black Storks Ciconia nigra were counted on 12 - 13 January; this species has recently become more regular in the country. Two male Eurasian Wigeons Anas Penelope and 45 Marbled Teal Marmaronetta augustirostris were also present. Five Stone-curlews Burhinus oedicnemus were identified near Richard Toll on 11 January. An adult Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla was at St. Louis on 10 January, with a second-winter possibly also present; previous records of this American vagrant are from further south. Also there were a first- and second-winter Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus, a scarce Palearctic winter visitor. A nest of a Greater Swamp Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens was found in a reedbed at the Grand Lac des Maristes, Dakar, on 19 April, with an adult feeding two young ten days later; most records of this species are from the north. Also there were two Purple Swamphens Porphyrio porphyrio with a juvenile. Hundreds of thousands Red-billed Queleas Quelea quelea were encountered in the Richard Toll area on 11 January.

from ABC Bulletin 21.1

Records from 2013 include the following. At least ten occupied nests of Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus were counted at the regular breeding site on the Îles de la Madeleine, off Dakar, on 17 February, most with adults still incubating and one with a single chick; one nest contained a dead adult; the site has apparently not been monitored in recent years. A female Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos with six pulli was observed at Lac Tanma, north-west of Thies, on 3 November; although breeding was suspected, there appear to be no previous confirmed nesting records for Senegal. A small group Speckle-fronted Weavers Sporopipes frontalis at Almadies, Dakar, in mid February was rather unusual at this location.

from ABC Bulletin 20.2

The following observations were made during field work in Djoudj NP (including areas close to the park's border, especially in inundated areas east and south-east of the villages of Tiguet and Debi) between 5 January and 4 February 2013. A Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris was seen at Grand Lac on 31 January; additionally, moulted feathers were found at three locations. Black Storks Ciconia nigra were observed on 20 days, usually in small groups, the largest of 36, on 18 January. On the same date, the max. number of Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina, 30 individuals, was counted. Thirty Baillon's Crakes Porzana pusilla were trapped and ringed and a few more observed in inundated grassy plains at different locations. Two Little Crakes P. parva were ringed and up to five observed along an area of Typha of a few hundred metres near the 'station biologique'. Seven Spotted Crakes P. porzana were trapped at different locations. Several Temminck's Stints Calidris temminckii were observed, amongst them a group of 12 on 2 February. A Marsh Owl Asio capensis was photographed south of Tiguet on 8 January. A Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia was singing near Tiguet on 9 January, one was seen near Diadem II on 12 January and two were ringed south-east of Debi on 26 January. Five Aquatic Warblers Acrocephalus paludicola were captured on 8 January, including a bird ringed at almost the same place on 24 December 2010, and at least three additional, unringed individuals were seen on 9th in the same area of < 200 x 200 m south of Tiguet. 

from ABC Bulletin 20.1

The first confirmed record for West Africa of Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus was a juvenile photographed at Gandiole, c.15 km south of St Louis, on 14 October 2012; details will be published in Bull. ABC. An Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba fatally hit the hotel in Djoudj National Park on 5 March.

from ABC Bulletin 19.2

What would constitute the first Red Kite Milvus milvus for the country was observed from the jetty of Keur Saloum in the Sine Saloum Delta on 23 February 2012; the rusty brown colour, as opposed to the dark brown of the Yellow-billed Kites Milvus migrans parasiticus in the area, and the deeply forked tail were conspicuous. A Common Crane Grus grus was photographed in the company of two Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina in Djoudj National Park on 22 January; this is the second record for Senegal.

from ABC Bulletin 19.1

The following observations were made during field work in Djoudj National Park (including areas near Tiguet, close to the park’s border) between 17 December 2010 and 25 February 2011. A Eurasian (Great) Bittern Botaurus stellaris was observed on 20 January. Black Storks Ciconia nigra were seen on 38 days with numbers varying from 1 - 11; the largest group was observed on 28 December. The max. number of Glossy Ibises Plegadis falcinellus was 300 individuals near Tiguet on 5 February. Approximately 350 Western Marsh Harriers Circus aeruginosus flying over marshland apparently used for roosting on 25 January, was the largest group observed. A second-calendar year Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides was photographed near Tiguet on 12 February.

A Spotted Crake Porzana porzana was observed on 23 February. About 40 Baillon’s Crakes P. pusilla were captured and 34 seen, all in flooded grassy habitats. Collared Pratincoles Glareola pratincola were encountered almost daily, with a max. c.1,100 hunting over marshland near Tiguet on 17 January. Single Temminck’s Stints Calidris temminckii were seen on 26 December and 7 February, and single Jack Snipes Lymnocryptes minimus on 7 and 30 January, and 1, 7 and 18 February. Red-chested Swallows Hirundo lucida were observed regularly and 20 were ringed; several old nests were discovered under a bridge.

Birds ringed between 18 February 2010 and 24 February 2011 in the same area included 53 Grasshopper Warblers Locustella naevia, 40 Aquatic Warblers Acrocephalus paludicola and 1,135 Sedge Warblers A. schoenobaenus. In St. Louis harbour, two Mediterranean Gulls Larus melanocephalus were observed on 27 January 2011.

from ABC Bulletin 18.2

A flock of c.1,500 White Storks Ciconia ciconia was observed on the outskirts of Gossas, between Djourbel and Kaolack, on 4 January 2011; large flocks have become very unusual. In Djoudj National Park, at least five Black Storks C. nigra were seen on 1 - 2 January and an immature Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus was photographed.

__________________

Records from January - March 2010 include the following. A Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris was observed in Djoudj National Park on 21 January; there are very few records for the park. Sightings of pale Grey Herons Ardea cinerea at Langue de Barbarie on 18 January and in the Djoudj on 20th were probably of the race monicae, which has been recorded as a vagrant from Mauritania. An Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni and two Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus were seen in the Djoudj, on 22 January. Also there, a Common Crane Grus grus was photographed with Black-crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina on 22 and 25 March; this appears to be the first country record. A flock of c.8 Fulvous Babblers Turdoides fulvus was seen near Richard-Toll.

In April, at least two Narina's Trogons Apaloderma narina were photographed on several dates in semi-decidious and gallery forest at Dindéfélo, in the extreme south-east, near the border with Guinea- Conakry; this is a new species for the country.

The following were recorded during field work in the Khossanto - Bambaraya - Sabodala area, north of Kédougou, in the extreme south-east, in July–August and November 2009. The first Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis for the country was discovered at a reservoir on 29 July; there are very few records from neighbouring countries west of the Inner Niger Delta in Mali. At the same dam, a male Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus on 29 July and 1–2 males and one female on 4 August are the first records for the south-east. Also there was an immature Black Stork Ciconia nigra on 14 November; this species is rarely observed inland. A Little Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus was flushed from the long grass at the reservoir’s edge on 4 August; this species is known from relatively few records in the country, mainly from the north. Also new for the south-east were African Crake Crex egregia (singles observed at three localities), Allen’s Gallinule Porphyrio alleni (three at the reservoir) and Purple Swamphen P. porphyrio (up to four at the reservoir), all in July–August. A foraging Adamawa Turtle Dove Streptopelia hypopyrrha was observed at Khossanto on 25 July, whilst in the dry season, in November, four singing birds were found at three other sites; these are new localities for this inadequately known species, which has been recorded in Niokolo-Koba to the west and in south-west Mali to the east. In the rainy season, at least nine singing Dorst’s Cisticolas Cisticola guinea were recorded; all were silent in November. Small numbers of Croaking Cisticolas C. natalensis were seen throughout; there are remarkably few records in Senegambia of this species. A male Heuglin’s Masked Weaver Ploceus heuglini in breeding plumage was with a mixed-species flock on 14 July; this species was not mapped for the south-east. Two Mali Firefinches Lagonosticta virata were found on a rocky hillside on 20–22 November.

A Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus was observed in the company of nine Senegal Thick-knees B. senegalensis at Dakar on 4 February 2009; there are few records so far south.

A French seawatching team claimed a Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle in non-breeding plumage off Dakar on 11 and 12 October 2008; as this would be the first record not only for Senegal but also for the whole of Africa, details are eagerly awaited. The same team recorded a total of 22,304 seabirds in 61.3 hours of seawatching from the terrace of the Calao, on Isle N’Gor, on 5 - 12 October, including 7 Bulwer’s Petrels Bulweria bulweri, 447 Cape Verde Shearwaters Calonectris edwardsii, 4,245 Sooty Shearwaters Puffinus griseus, 1,421 Pomarine Skuas Stercorarius pomarinus, 1,200 Arctic Skuas S. parasiticus, 262 Long-tailed Skuas S. longicaudus, a Laughing Gull Larus atricilla, a Franklin’s Gull L. pipixcan, 2,610 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini, 539 Lesser Crested Terns Sterna bengalensis, 5,298 Sandwich Terns S. sandvicensis, 49 Roseate Terns S. dougallii, 2,869 Common Terns S. hirundo, 1,020 Arctic Terns S. paradisaea, 138 Little Terns S. albifrons and 1,318 Black Terns Chlidonias niger. Fifteen Ospreys Pandion haliaetus were also observed.

Noteworthy records from a visit to Djoudj National Park on 23 - 25 January 2008 include four Marbled Ducks Marmaronetta angustirostris, two adult males and one immature Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, a juvenile Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus (rare in the park), a Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus and an Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius (seen at close range during daylight and photographed).

A Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes was photographed at Djoudj National Park on 3 March 2007 and an adult Franklin’s Gull Larus pipixcan at Saint Louis on 28 February.

Impressive numbers of seabirds were counted from N’Gor on 5-28 October, including 112 Bulwer’s Petrels Bulweria bulwerii, 4,433 Cape Verde Shearwaters Calonectris (diomedea) edwardsii, many Cape Verde / Cory’s Shearwaters C. d. edwardsii / borealis, one Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis, 9,739 Sooty Shearwaters P. griseus, 91 Manx Shearwaters P. puffinus, two Little Shearwaters P. assimilis boydi, c.100 Wilson’s Oceanites oceanicus and European Storm-petrels Hydrobates pelagicus, 916 Red (Grey) Phalaropes Phalaropus fulicarius, 4,982 Pomarine Skuas Stercorarius pomarinus, 2,879 Arctic Skuas S. parasiticus, 864 Long-tailed Skuas S. longicaudus, 762 ‘Great’ Skuas Catharacta sp., 692 Audouin’s Gulls Larus audouinii, 6,724 Sabine’s Gulls Xema sabini, 147 Caspian Terns Sterna caspia, 659 Royal Terns S. maxima, 1,043 Lesser Crested Terns S. bengalensis, 11,075 Sandwich Terns S. sandvicensis, four Roseate Terns S. dougallii, 48,148 Common S. hirundo / Arctic Terns S. paradisaea, six Bridled Terns S. anaethetus, two Sooty Terns S. fuscata, 204 Little Terns S. albifrons and 29,309 Black Terns Chlidonias niger.

Three Black Storks Ciconia nigra were foraging with three Eurasian Spoonbills Platalea leucorodia in Djoudj National Park on 6 December 2006. In early 2007, the Djoudj held 10,000 adult Great White Pelicans Pelecanus onocrotalus and 3,000 chicks, c.1,000 Lesser Flamingos Phoeniconaias minor and 34,000 White-faced Whistling Ducks Dendrocygna viduata. An adult Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus was observed on its nest, sheltering a chick from the sun, c.11 km north of Ouarack, Louga area, on 4 March. Hundreds of Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni were seen for the fourth year running in the Kaolack area, on 13-14 January. On 1 March, 110 Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis were counted at Ndigue, in the Djoudj area. A small wader photographed near Langue de Barbarie on 15 January was identified as a Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri; this would be the first for Senegal and West Africa, if accepted. A Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes was photographed in the Djoudj on 3 March; this is apparently only the second for Senegal, the previous record being from January 1991, when one was discovered near Dakar. Over 400 Black-winged Stilts Himantopus himantopus and 70 Senegal Thick-knees Burhinus senegalensis were counted at Technopôle, Dakar, on 10 March. An adult Franklin’s Gull Larus pipixcan was photographed just south of Saint-Louis on 28 February; this is the sixth record for Senegal. An African Moustached Warbler Melocichla mentalis was at Anambe, south of Velingara in early December.

An exceptionally large flock of 620 European Storm-petrels Hydrobates pelagicus was foraging with the incoming tide on the Senegal River at St Louis on 20 April 2006. The third American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica for the country was photographed at Ziguinchor, Casamance, on 16–17 October; the previous records were made in May 1979 and October 2005. A Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida was observed at Kafountine on 21 October; surprisingly, this appears to be only the second for Senegal.

Records from December 2005-March 2006 include the following. A Northern Gannet Sula bassana and a Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus were observed at the îles de la Madeleine on 17 February; this is a very early date for the latter species. An exceptionally large flock of 117 Black Storks Ciconia nigra was seen in the Ndiaël on 6 February. A flock of c.1,200 Lesser Flamingos Phoeniconaias minor was on Grand Lac in Djoudj National Park (=NP) on 11 February.

A Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was with hundreds of Garganeys A. querquedula and Northern Shovelers A. clypeata at Lac Youl, near Malika, east of Dakar, on 3 March. A male American Wigeon Anas americana remained in Djoudj NP from 20 December till at least mid-March. It was joined by another male on 19-20 January; the only previously documented record for West Africa (and for the Afrotropics) was also in the Djoudj in February 1975. Other records from Djoudj NP include a pair of Gadwall Anas strepera on 20 January, with the mid-January count recording three; this species is a very rare visitor to the region. Also there was a flock of c.15 Ferruginous Ducks Aythya nyroca on 19 January; this Palearctic migrant is a rare visitor to the area.

A single flock of at least 170 Black Crowned Cranes Balearica pavonina was observed in the Ndiaël on 4 February, with a total of over 250 counted during the same day. A Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii, seen well in Djoudj NP on 13 February, is a new species for the park. A Laughing Gull Larus atricilla was noted at Siné Saloum on 28 December.

In the southern part of Ndiaël Faunal Reserve, a Kordofan Lark Mirafra cordofanica was found on 14 February. A Fulvous Babbler Turdoides fulvus was seen well near Richard-Toll in January; the species was found breeding at this site in 2004. A Cinnamon-breasted Rock Bunting Emberiza tahapisi was encountered at Popenguine on 18 February.

In October 2005, an American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica was present at Technopole, Dakar, on 29th. In December 2005, two Nearctic vagrants were found: an American Wigeon Anas americana at Djoudj National Park on 20th, probably a young male, and a Laughing Gull Larus atricilla at Siné Saloum on 28th.

The following records were reported in October 2004-March 2005. A White-crested Tiger Heron Tigriornis leucolopha was photographed at Toubakuta, Siné Saloum, on 2 October. On 16 January, three Little Bitterns Ixobrychus minutus were seen in Djoudj NP (=National Park), one of which appeared to be a male of the African race payesii; there appear to be few confirmed records of this race from Senegal. A male Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was found among a large flock of Garganey A. querquedula in  Djoudj NP on 4 March 2005; there are only two previous records from Senegal, both of males in early March (Morel & Morel 1990. Les Oiseaux de Sénégambie) in 1975 and 1979. As in 2004, hundreds of kestrels leaving their roost near Kaolack on 16 January appeared to be predominantly Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni with a few Common Kestrels F. tinnunculus; they were still present in early February. A very large female Peregrine Falcon F. peregrinus, presumably of the race calidus, was seen well in Djoudj NP on 18 January. A male Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis was between Tambacounda and Kaolack on 6 February. What appears to be the first Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida for Senegal was sighted in a mixed bird party in dense riparian woodland along the Gambia River at the Campement Safari, Mako, just outside the eastern limits of Niokolo Koba NP, on 21 December; the species was seen again and photographed on 16 February.

Records from 1–8 December 2004 in the extreme north-west include two Black Storks Ciconia nigra in Ndiaël Faunal Reserve on 4th and five in Djoudj National Park on 7th. At least ten Ferruginous Ducks Aythya nyroca were in the Djoudj on 3rd. Birdlife appeared quite different form previous years: several normally common species were scarce (with European White Stork Ciconia ciconia conspicuously absent), while a few others were encountered for the first time. Up to three Bearded Barbets Lybius dubius were seen daily near Bango village, St Louis, during that first week of December; this is a significant northward range extension. Four Kordofan Larks Mirafra cordofanica were found in Ndiaël on 4th and three Cricket Warblers Spiloptila clamans near Marigot Two on 2nd.

Other records from the period November 2003 to January 2004 include the following. Fifteen Black Storks Ciconia nigra were counted in Djoudj National Park on 28 December; the species winters in the park in October to March. On 25 January one was observed with a metallic ring on the left leg and a white ring with a letter 'S' on the right and a flock of 29 near Kaolack was seen on 12 December. An exceptionally large flock of at least 550 European White Storks C. ciconia was at a seasonal lake at Ndiaël on 4 December. A Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus was at N'Dayane, south of Dakar on 8 December. Eurasian Griffon Vultures Gyps fulvus were reported from near Dakar (one, 3 December), near Kaolack (singles, 14 and 16 December), and the Louga area (eight at various roadside casualties, 25 January, and one, 30 January). An immature Bonelli's Eagle Hieraaetus fasciatus was in the Bango area, near St Louis on 26 January; this Palearctic migrant appears to winter in the area in small numbers. Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, observed on 2 November at the Technopole wetland, Dakar, appears to be resident in the area. On 7 December a Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami was seen near Djoudj National Park. A Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys was on a small stream in Niokolo Koba National Park on 14­15 December.

A Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis was found in the Bango area, St Louis on 26 January; this species was first recorded in northern Senegal in 1989 and the birds were ascribed to ssp. asbenaicus although the measurements were somewhat large. The very greyish colouration of the bird at Bango does not match this form ­ an undescribed race? A group of four Fulvous Babblers Turdoides fulva were nest building in the Richard Toll area on 28 January; there are few records for northern Senegal and this may constitute the first confirmed breeding record. A male Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus was seen in Djoudj National Park on 29 January.

Records from the period July to December 2002 include the following: Nineteen Black Storks Ciconia nigra were present at Ndiaël Faunal Reserve on 5 December; a Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris was at N'dayane, south of Dakar, on 27 November. A European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus with almost entirely white underparts was noted near Toubakouta on 17 October; there are few records of this species in Senegal. An adult Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus was east of Diourbel on 13 December and three sub-adult Eurasian Griffon Vultures Gyps fulvus were at a carcass south of Saint Louis on 27 November. The latter are regularly victims of poisoning; a juvenile ringed as a nestling in France was shot in the Toubacouta area six months later, on 7 December 2001. Seven Short-toed / Beaudouin's Snake Eagles Circaetus gallicus / beaudouini were counted in a patch of savanna of 3 km from Toubakouta on 27 October; four Brown Snake Eagles C. cinereus were seen together near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta, on 6 November. A Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus was observed near Keur Lahine, Toubakouta, on 15 November; this eagle has dramatically decreased in the area since the 1980s. Two Denham's Bustards Neotis denhami were recorded near Toubakouta in October and two more in November; in certain years with few rains in the north, there is an influx of this declining species in the south. Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei is still present in the Guinguinéo area, although decreasing; it is more common towards the Gambian border.

At a seasonal lake in Ndiaël Faunal Reserve c5000 Gull-billed Terns Sterna nilotica were roosting on 23 November. Four-banded Sandgrouse Pterocles quadricinctus were observed coming to drink at dawn and dusk, at pools formed at public taps in Kaolack town in July-August, and in Guinguinéo, north-east of Kaolack, in October and November. Adamawa Turtle Doves Streptopelia hypopyrrha were regularly seen (at least four birds were involved) at Niokolo-Koba National Park on 15­17 December. A juvenile Jacobin Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus was at Popenguine Reserve on 28 November. About 20 Great Spotted Cuckoos Clamator glandarius were seen migrating north near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta, in mid-July; this is an unusually large number of a species which has decreased notably since the 1970s. A Pel's Fishing-owl Scotopelia peli was found at Niokolo-Koba National Park on 16­17 December. Six Swallow-tailed Bee-eaters Merops hirundineus and c20 Northern Carmine Bee-eaters M. nubicus were observed at the Djikoye River, near Madina Djikoye, Toubakouta on 21­25 December; these species are rare in the area. In Delta du Saloum National Park, a Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor was seen on 13 December. Two Little Grey Woodpeckers Dendropicos elachus and three Sennar Penduline Tits Anthoscopus punctifrons were found south of Marigot Three on 7 December. Two Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weavers Plocepasser superciliosus were nest-building south of Thies on 19 December. Two Orange-breasted Waxbills Sporaeginthus subflavus were at Djoudj National Park on 25 November.

In January 2002, a flock of c60 Intermediate Egrets Egretta intermedia was at Marigot One on 5th. Six Black Storks Ciconia nigra were also there and a further nine at Ndiaël Reserve on 7th. A flock of c300 European White Storks Ciconia ciconia flew over Ndiaël Reserve on 7th. A Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus was seen in Saloum National Park on 12th. Two female African Finfoot Podica senegalensis were on the Gambia river in Niokolo Koba National Park between 15-19th, an unusual sighting in this area. Also in Niokolo Koba, a group of at least six Adamawa Turtle Doves Streptopelia hypopyrrha were near Simenti lodge on 16-19th. Two Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba flew over Simenti lodge on 18th and one was seen over Kaolack on 19th. Three Swallow-tailed Bee-eaters Merops hirundineus were in Saloum National Park on 12-13th. A Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus was seen in Niokolo Koba on 15-17th. A Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes was observed in Ndiaël Reserve on 7th; this species appears to have been regular here during the last three years.

Map

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:29 -- abc_admin

References

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:28 -- abc_admin

ARANSAY, N., PACHECO, L. and ZABALA, I. (2012) First records of Narina's Trogon Apaloderma narina for Senegal. ABC Bulletin 19(1) pp 61-62.

BirdLife International (2000) Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

COULTHARD, N.D. Senegal chapter pp 733-750 in FISHPOOL, L.D.C. and EVANS M.I. editors (2001) Important Bird Areas in Africa and Associated Islands: Priority sites for conservation. Newbury and Cambridge, UK. Pisces Publications and BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No.11).

DUBOIS, Ph. J., HOLMSTRÖM, N. and VERNEAU, A. (2009) La peninsule du Cap-Vert à Dakar, Sénégal, est-elle la « Mecque » du seawatching? [Cap Verde peninsula, Senegal, a seawatching site of great interest.] Ornithos 16(4) pp 220-232.

FERNANDEZ-GARCIA, J.M., RUIZ de AZUA, N. and PACHECO, L. (2013) Birds of Dindéfello Nature Reserve, south-east Senegal. ABC Bulletin 20(1) pp49-59.

MARR, T., NEWELL, D. and PORTER, R. (1998) Seabirds off Senegal, West Africa ABC Bulletin 5(1) pp 22-29.

MAYOR, M. et al (2015) First breeding record of Heuglin’s Wheatear Oenanthe heuglini for Senegal.  ABC Bulletin 22(2) pp 214 - 216.

MOREL, G. & MOREL M.Y. Les Oiseaux de Sénégambia: Notes et cartes de distribution.

PETERSEN, B.S., CHRISTENSEN, K.D. and JENSEN, F.P. (2007) Bird population densities along two precipitation gradients in Senegal and Niger. Malimbus 29(2) pp 101-121.

SALEWSKI, V. (2008) Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais pallida reiseri wintering in the Senegal valley. Malimbus 30(2) pp 172-175.

SALEWSKI, V., BARGAIN, B., DIOP, I. and FLADE, M. (2009) Quest for a phantom - the search for the winter quarters of the Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola. ABC Bulletin 16(1) pp 61-66.

SALEWSKI, V. & BECKER, P. (2009) A Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus in a flock of Senegal Thick-knees B. senegalensis in Senegal. Malimbus 31(2) pp 118-120.

SALEWSKI, V., ORTVAD, T.E. and THORUP, K. (2013) Second observation of Common Crane Grus grus in Senegal. ABC Bulletin 20(1) pp 78-79.

SERLE, W. and MOREL, G.J. Les Oiseaux de l’Ouest Africain. Published by Delachaux and Niestle, ISBN 2-6030-0134-5.

STRANDBERG, R. and OLOFSSON, P. (2007) Seabird counts at N’Gor, Senegal, in November 2006. Malimbus 29(2) pp 128-130.

TALAMELLI, A. (2007) First record of Eurasian Black Vulture Aegypius monachus for Senegal. ABC Bulletin 14(2) pp 75-76.

VROEGE, J.A. (2013) Immature Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus in Senegal in February 2005. ABC Bulletin 21(2) pp 223-224.

Contacts

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:27 -- abc_admin

African Bird Club representative

Moussa Sega Diop
191 SICA MBAO
BP 20077
Dakar Thiaroye
Senegal

mousediop@yahoo.fr

msediop@gmail.com

Bird recorder and checklist compiler

Moussa Sega Diop
191 SICA MBAO
BP 20077
Dakar Thiaroye
Senegal

mousediop@yahoo.fr

msediop@gmail.com

Clubs and contacts

Idrissa Ndiaye
Parc National des Oiseaux du Djoudj
BP 80 Saint - Louis
Tél. 00 221 963 87 08
Sénégal

Moussa Sega Diop
Association pour la Sauvegarde des Oiseaux du Senegal

Local bird club

Contact Betsy Hopkins
e-mail: betsy_hopkins@sil.org

Conservation

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:26 -- abc_admin

Senegal has one of the most comprehensive protected area systems in Africa including six National Parks and six avifaunal reserves which cover over 8% of the country and include representative samples of most of the principal ecosystems. There are however many environmental issues in common with much of Africa such as poaching, deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, desertification and overfishing.

Senegal is party to several international agreements including Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species and Wetlands.

Conservation News

27th April 2007: Surveys reveal raptor ‘super-roost’

Surveys in Senegal by LPO (BirdLife in France) have revealed a single roost containing over 28,600 Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni and 16,000 African Swallow-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii – one of the largest bird of prey roosts ever found. “One evening, I saw the passage of some 300 birds flying over,” said Philippe Pilard of LPO, who discovered the site in January 2007. “The next evening I saw 1,300 falcons fly over. I therefore decided to follow them, which was only possible on foot.”

“I first walked 10 kilometres - even crossing rivers by canoe - and finally found the Lesser Kestrel roost, along with the African Swallow-tailed Kites.” The existence of communal roosts during the non-breeding season - sometimes involving several thousand individuals - has been observed in a number of different countries including Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. However conservationists have described this enormous roost - altogether some 45,000 insectivorous raptors- as exceptional.

The numbers of roosting Lesser Kestrel at this site are thought to represent more than half of the known breeding populations of western Europe and northern Africa combined. The roost likely held individuals from Morocco, Spain, Portugal and France. The finding is the culmination of seven years of research and many hours of observation in the field by LPO ornithologists, funded for the past year by La Fondation Nature et Découvertes. During the course of the next few years, comprehensive surveys of the region are now being planned.

Lesser Kestrel is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife. The species has undergone rapid declines in western Europe - equivalent to c.46% in each decade since 1950. As such, the species has been the subject of significant conservation efforts, particularly in its European breeding range. LPO have used the discovery to highlight the importance of protecting wintering sites, as well as breeding sites, across the range of this migratory species. “Although there have been a number of conservation efforts devoted to Lesser Kestrel in France and elsewhere in Europe, these efforts will be fruitless if nothing is put in place to protect its African wintering grounds.” said Yvan Tariel, Head of Raptor Conservation at LPO.

Source: BirdLife International News

23rd February 2007: Expedition solves Aquatic Warbler mystery

After five years of investigations, an expedition team has tracked down the wintering grounds of Europe’s most threatened migratory songbird – the Aquatic Warbler – in Senegal. “…knowing where they are in winter now provides a starting point to mirror the successful European conservation efforts in Africa.” said Lars Lachmann of RSPB (BirdLife in the UK) who co-organised the expedition to West Africa together with the BirdLife International Aquatic Warbler Conservation Team (AWCT) and the French organisation "Bretagne Vivante".

The expedition discovered good numbers of Aquatic Warblers in an area of about 100 square kilometres within the Djoudj National Park, an Important Bird Area (IBA) in north-west Senegal. Preliminary estimates range from 5-10,000 birds at this single site. Researchers from BirdLife International and RSPB combined state-of-the-art scientific analysis with traditional fieldwork to unravel the mystery surrounding the warblers’ unknown wintering sites. The research team analysed feathers from Aquatic Warblers caught in Europe to help narrow their search. Knowing that the feathers would have been grown on African wintering grounds, the researchers looked for patterns of isotopes and compared these alongside isotope maps of West Africa.

The study revealed that the birds spend the winter at sites in a zone just south of the Sahara. An analysis of the few African records in combination with a computer modelling of potentially suitable climatic conditions led researchers to likely areas bordering the Senegal river. “It’s a long-awaited discovery that gives encouragement to conservationists in both Europe and Africa,” commented Paul K Ndanganga, BirdLife’s African Species Working Group Co-ordinator. “As we increase our knowledge of the areas that are important for warblers, conservationists in the region can now focus efforts into site monitoring, the next step in helping ensure these wintering grounds are adequately managed and better protected.”

Martin Flade, chairman of AWCT, added: “Thankfully, substantial parts of the bird’s wintering range fall within protected areas, with the Djoudj National Park alone possibly holding up to a third of the world population. This wetland, on the southern edge of the Sahara, is likely to be threatened by the southward advance of the Sahara fuelled by climate change. This encroachment is likely to limit the water supply for the national park.”

Aquatic Warbler has declined dramatically in Europe over the last century, and its global population is now down to 15,000 pairs - largely because of drainage of its wetland nesting sites. An estimated 95% of habitat has been lost in the last century. Future work in the field and with satellite maps will help identify other potential sites in southern Mauritania and elsewhere in western Africa.

The expedition was financially supported by the RSPB, the UK government (DEFRA), the Bonn Convention (CMS), and the German Ornithological Society.

Books & Sounds

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:25 -- abc_admin

The Gambia and Senegal are well covered by field guides. A Field Guide to the Birds of The Gambia and Senegal by Barlow et al and Birds of Senegal and The Gambia by Borrow and Demey both cover these countries.

In addition, the western and central parts of Africa now have an excellent guide in the Birds of Western Africa by Borrow and Demey. It is a fantastic reference work and thoroughly recommended. It covers 23 countries south of the Sahara, from Mauritania in the northwest, to Chad and Central African Republic in the east, and Congo Brazzaville in the southeast, include the Cape Verde and Gulf of Guinea Islands. The paperback version is much more portable than the hard cover edition and it is ideal for the field, although there is less detail.

Birds of Africa south of the Sahara also covers the same countries except the Cape Verde Islands.

 

Book image: 
Book info: 
A Field Guide to Birds of Gambia & Senegal, Barlow, Wacher & Disley, A&C Black, Softback.
Book description: 

A specific guide to the birds of this area. Over 600 species are described with almost 570 species illustrated on 48 colour plates. The species not illustrated in colour are vagrants.

"This new book is quite simply excellent, and is certainly one of the very best true field guides for any region in the World. Yes, I rate it that highly. It is clearly evident that great thought and consideration went into the planning and design of the book - it really is user-friendly, nothing is missing that should be included, and nothing included is a waste of space. The end result is a masterpiece." Nick Dymond, British Birds.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Birds of Senegal and The Gambia (2011), Nik Borrow and Ron Demey, Christopher Helm, Softback.
Book description: 

This new field guide covers The Gambia, a country which is very popular with a large number of birders and tourists, and the whole of neighbouring Senegal. This fascinating region shelters many Western Palearctic migrants from September to April, as well as a significant list of resident West African birds. The stunning colour plates depict more than 680 species, covering almost every distinct plumage and race. The authoritative text highlights the key features needed to identify each species in the field, and accurate up-to-date maps are provided for every species. This comprehensive guide is an essential companion for anyone visiting The Gambia and Senegal. 352 pages.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Birds of Western Africa, Nik Borrow & Ron Demey, Helm, Hardback.
Book description: 

Helm Identification Guide. 147 plates depicting over 1280 species in 2800 individual figures. Covers Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, part of Mauritania and the islands of Sao Tome, Principe and Bioko (Fernando Po). All the species described are illustrated in colour apart from a few vagrants, which are depicted in black-and-white in the text. Distribution maps are provided for the majority of species (except vagrants). 832 pages.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Field Guide to the Birds of Western Africa, Nik Borrow & Ron Demey, Helm, Softback.
Book description: 

Helm Field Guide. Utilises all the plates from the Helm ID Guide by the same authors, with a concise, authoritative text on facing pages, to create a guide covering all 1,304 species found in the region. The guide also contains an updated colour distribution map for each species and a number of new images have been painted just for this guide. Covers Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, part of Mauritania and the islands of Sao Tome, Principe and Bioko (Fernando Po). 512 pages.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Birds of Africa South of the Sahara, Ian Sinclair & Peter Ryan, New Holland, Softback.
Book description: 

Second edition, including 500 new images and 400 updated distribution maps. Unrivalled coverage of African birds in a single volume. 2129+ species covered with an additional 101 vagrants briefly described. Revised to reflect the latest changes in taxonomy. Species descriptions give precise identification features highlighting differences between similar species as well as briefly reporting habitat, status and call. Annotated illustrations portray distinctive plumages as well as diagnostic flight patterns and major geographic variants where applicable.

Book image: 
Book info: 
Bird Song of The Gambia & Senegal, C Barlow, J Hammick & P Sellar, Mandarin Prodns., 3 CD Set.
Book description: 

Vocalisations of 265 species and subspecies. Indexed but not announced. There are 4 separate recordings of Cameron Indigobird (Vidua camerunensis) mimicing 4 different hosts.

Visiting

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:20 -- abc_admin
Western_Reef_Heron_Senegal

Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis, Saly, Senegal

Image Credit: 
Sue Walsh

Birding tours

Ashanti and Birdquest organise tours to Senegal.

Guides

Mohammadou Ass Ndiaye is a local guide in Senegal and can be contacted at asstuse@yahoo.fr.

Trip reports

Birds of Senegambia ­ a checklist. A really handy booklet for those visiting The Gambia and Senegal. Contains a list of Senegambian species and plenty of room to maintain day lists for a 2-3 week visit.

Logistics

For independent travellers, there is a choice of airlines between Europe and Senegal and between Senegal and many African destinations. There are also charter flights to Senegal from some European countries during peak holiday seasons. There are several routes to The Gambia including a ferry service from Dakar. Bush taxis run from Dakar to Rosso, at the border with Mauritania, from where a boat can be taken across the Senegal river. Another popular crossing is at the Barrage de Diama near Djoudj. There are bush taxis from Dakar to Labé, Guinea, and from Ziguinchor to Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, although it is also easy to fly between Dakar and these countries. The Dakar-Bamako train is the best way to travel overland to Mali. The main roads between Dakar, Kaolack, Ziguinchor and other large towns are covered by buses. Car hire is not cheap but many companies have offices in Dakar.

Safety

Senegal is, overall, one of Africa's safer countries with a friendly and welcoming local population. However, it should be noted that, as with all large cities, Dakar can be dangerous in certain areas. The major danger in the country is in fact from its habitat and visitors should be aware that areas such as the Ndiaël faunal reserve and other sahelian areas can be treacherous and should only be explored with a guide and a 4x4 vehicle.  When checking thick scrub be aware that there are many Warthogs in the areas. The taking of photographs  does cause offence to the local people and should be avoided unless having asked in advance.

Other safety and health issues are no different from those in many African countries. Guidebooks, travel companies and websites provide much of the advice one needs, but key points warrant repetition here: (1) be aware of the risk of malaria and seek current advice, sleep in a sealed tent or under a net and take prophylaxis as recommended; (2) always ensure you have sufficient water and some method of purification (even if this comprises a pot and a campfire for boiling); (3) do not underestimate the danger of being in the sun for too long, ensure you use sun-block, drink plenty of water and wear a hat; (4) be aware of the risk of AIDS; (5) ensure that you take a reasonably-equipped first-aid pack with you including supplies of hypodermic and suturing needles.

See the following 2 websites for safety and travel information: US Travel and UK FCO.

Hotspots

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:19 -- abc_admin
Senegal_Thick_knees

Senegal Thick-knees Burhinus senegalensis, Saly, Senegal

Image Credit: 
Sue Walsh

Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a Ramsar Site. It is a wetland of 16,000 ha situated in the Senegal river delta and comprises a large lake surrounded by streams, ponds and backwaters which form a sanctuary for large numbers of waterbirds including Purple Heron Ardea purpurea, Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, African Spoonbill Platalea alba, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus, Black Crowned Crane Balearica pavonina, both Lesser Phoeniconaias minor and Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber, plus a wide range of ducks and waders, some in very high concentrations, including White-faced Whistling Duck Dendrocygna viduata, Garganey Anas querquedula and Ruff Philomachus pugnax. Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs may also be seen at Djoudj on occasions. Over 300 species have been recorded in total. The area is accessible by road from St Louis and it is open all year round, although many parts of the park are inaccessible during the rainy season, when the area is also popular with mosquitos. Accommodation and camping are available and viewing can be done by foot, vehicle or pirogue. Bicycles are available for hire in the park. There are tour guides available in the park and at the hotels and tourist office in St. Louis. It is possible to hire a bush taxi from St. Louis to get to Djoudj, whilst several hotels in the town offer day trips.

Ndiaël Faunal Reserve is an alluvial basin in the floodplain of the Senegal river and is a Sahelian environment with seasonal lakes. Birds in the area include European White Stork Ciconia ciconia, Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus, Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs, Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor, Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus, Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus, Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes and Black-crowned Sparrow Lark Eremopterix nigriceps. The reserve is accessible from Saint Louis off the road to Richard Toll. There are no roads in the reserve, only seasonal tracks that change every year and the area should only be accessed with a local guide and a 4x4 vehicle.

Les Trois Marigots are a series of lakes near Saint Louis and south of the Ndiaël which offer some superb birdwatching. Birds found in this area include Black Egret Egretta ardesiaca, African Pygmy Goose Netapus auritus, Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami, Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs, Savile's Bustard Eupodotis savilei, many wader species, Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis, Cream-coloured Courser Cursorios cursor, Temminck's Courser C. temminckii, Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles exustus, Verreaux's Eagle Owl Bubo lacteus, Black-faced Quailfinch Ortygospiza atricollis and, immediately south of Marigot Three, Little Grey Woodpecker Dendropicos elachus and Sennar Penduline Tit Anthoscopus punctifrons. The area can be accessed a few kilometres north of Saint Louis from the road to Richard Toll. As with the Ndiaël the area has no roads, apart from one track which crosses Marigot One, and should only be entered with a local guide and a 4x4 vehicle. Accommodation is available at the Ranch de Bango near Saint Louis and they can also supply vehicles and guides for their guests to visit the Trois Marigots and Ndiaël areas, Tel: 00221 961 1981, Fax 00221 961 3684.

Niokolo-Koba National Park hosts some 80 species of mammal and 330 species of bird which include White-faced Whistling Duck Dendrocygna viduata, Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis, Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus, Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus, Denham's Bustard Neotis denhami, Egyptian Plover Pluvianus aegyptiacus, Violet Turaco Musophaga violacea and Abyssinian Ground Hornbill Bucorvus abyssinicus. The immediate area around the upper reaches of the Gambia river offer species such as Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus, Beaudouin's Snake Eagle Circaetus beaudouini, Stone Partridge Ptilopachus petrosus, African Finfoot Podica senegalensis, Standard-winged Nightjar Macrodypterix longipennis, Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys, Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki, Oriole Warbler Hypergerus atriceps, Grey Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus, Sulphur-breasted Bush-Shrike Telophorus sulfureopectus and Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda. The park is accessible from Tambacounda by road and there is an airstrip at Simenti. There is accommodation at Simenti, Niokolo-Koba and Badi, and several camping grounds. The best time to visit is between December and May. The park does not normally open until mid-December each year due to flooding from the seasonal rains.

Cap Vert is the most westerly point in Africa and the peninsula on which Dakar stands. The tip projects 50 km out to sea from the main north-south line of the coast, offering exceptional opportunities for seawatching, especially in autumn. Possibilities for Senegal seawatching can be found at this reference and in the African Bird Club Bulletin, see reference (iii) and at Seawatching in Senegal. Many species can be seen, especially by taking a boat out to the continental shelf. Such boats can be hired from operators along the beach of N'gor. Otherwise, good land-based viewing can be had from the cliffs of the Ile d'Ngor, the beach at Yoff, the Hotel L'Ocean and the Pointe d'Almadies. Typical species at various times of the year include Cory's (Cape Verde) Shearwater Calonectris (diomedea) edwardsii, Great Shearwater Puffinus gravis, Wilson's Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus, Northern Gannet Sula bassana, often in large numbers, Brown Booby Sula leucogaster, Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus, Great Skua Catharacta skua, South Polar Skua C. maccormicki, Sabine's Gull Larus sabini and Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii.

Iles de la Madeleine can be visited in a day-trip from Dakar; pirogues can be hired from the park headquarters along Dakar's Corniche Ouest, not far from Soumbedioune. The highlight of a trip is to see Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aetherus, which breed here amongst the rocks. A couple of pairs of Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus also breed here, other seabirds can be seen and the plateau of the island supports typical birds of semi-arid scrub. Breeding colonies of Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo can also be found in these isles. Snorkelling is also very worthwhile in the island's small lagoon.

Sine Saloum river delta is south of Dakar and the National Park can be accessed by road from Kaolack. The park has large areas of mangroves, secondary forest and grasslands. There are many raptor species in the area including Dark Chanting Goshawk Melierax metabates, Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis, African Hawk Eagle Hieraaetus spilogaster and Grey Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus. Other species found in the area include Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala, Four-banded Sandgrouse Pterocles quadricinctus, Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer, Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum, White-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha albicapillus, and Pygmy Sunbird Hedydipna platura. Accommodation can be found at the Sine Saloum hotel or at the Bandiar camp. It should be noted that there are Tsetse fly in some of the central areas of the park.

Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie IBA is situated about 25 km from St Louis. It consists of a 20 km length of intertidal flats and sand dunes on a spit formed across the mouth of the Senegal river. The government decided to cut it in summer 2003 in order to relieve flooding in St Louis. We understand that the environmental effects however are rather devastating for the whole area as the original cut of 20 m has widened to 300 m and is still expanding. We believe the Government is now considering reclosing the gap although the cost would be enormous. The impact of this has not really affected the Isle des Oiseaux which is part of the National Park and which contains a large breeding colony of Slender-billed Gulls Larus genei, Caspian Sterna caspia, Royal S. maxima and Sandwich Terns S. sandvicensis. It is a very small island in the middle of the Senegal river about one hundred metres across and is also a good roost for many species of waterbirds, pelicans as well as other gull and tern species. Very occasionally Sooty Tern S. fuscata arrives but rarely before late April / May and Kelp Gull L. dominicanus is occasionally seen. The island is closed to all people so a boat must be hired (which is easy to do) in order to sail around it. Entrance tickets must be paid for when entering the National Park. It is not clear where this entrance is but a guard is stationed opposite the island on the mainland. In fact the birds can be observed from the mainland as it a only a matter of 70 metres or so to the island. The actual Langue is an important tern breeding area but they don't arrive before late April.

Other recommended sites are Gueumbeul, Somone Lagoon and some of the Niayes.

Species

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:18 -- abc_admin
Senegal_Coucal

Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis, Saly, Senegal

Image Credit: 
Sue Walsh
Lappet_faced_Vulture_Senegal

Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus, Saly, Senegal

Image Credit: 
Sue Walsh

Country checklist and status

You can download and print a checklist for Senegal.

ABC Bulletin Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 40-41 commented that 'an annotated list and atlas has been published for Senegal and The Gambia. A review of the records brings together a total of 610 species for Senegal alone.'

Recent additions to the Senegal list include Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus, ABC Bulletin, Vol.11, No.2, p.147 and Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius, Vol.10, No.1.

Birds of Senegambia ­ a checklist. A really handy booklet for those visiting The Gambia and Senegal. Contains a list of Senegambian species and plenty of room to maintain day lists for a 2-3 week visit.

Endemic species

There are no endemic nor near endemic species in Senegal.

Threatened species

Marbled Teal  Marmaronetta angustirostris Vulnerable
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus Vulnerable
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Vulnerable
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola Vulnerable

Important Bird Areas

Fri, 01/25/2013 - 12:14 -- abc_admin
Brown_Snake_Eagle_Senegal

Brown Snake Eagle Circaetus cinereus, Bondia NP, Senegal

Image Credit: 
Sue Walsh

There are no endemic species in Senegal and no primary Endemic Bird Area, although species representative of Sahel, Sudan-Guinea Savanna and Guinea-Congo Forests biomes occur in the country. There is one EBA secondary area for Mali Firefinch, Lagonosticta virata in the Upper Niger Valley and contiguous with that in Mali. Of particular note are the huge concentrations of migrant and resident waterbirds for which the wetlands in the floodplain of the Senegal river are of vital importance. It is estimated that 3 million migrant birds pass through the protected areas in the Senegal river each year. The importance of the coastline for resident and passage seabirds has become apparent in recent years with observations of tens of thousands of migrant terns, gulls and shearwaters moving along the coast.

There are seventeen Important Bird Areas (IBAs) covering 25,800 km or just over 13% of the total land area of the country. Of these, 10 are wetland sites and a further three are entirely coastal and marine reflecting the importance of the coast and river estuaries and deltas for both Afrotropical and migrant Palearctic species of waterbirds and seabirds. Of the seventeen sites, eight are officially fully protected, four are partly protected and five have no recognised protection.

The following six sites are in the north-west of the country and are important for breeding and migratory waterbirds with movement between the sites: Djoudj wetlands / the Parc National des Oiseaux du Djoudj, which is contiguous with Diawling National Park in Mauritania; Ndiaël basin (including the 'Trois Marigots'); Lac de Guiers; River Sénégal (Ntiagar to Richard-Toll); Gueumbeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons and the Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie.

The following are all coastal or near coastal sites: the Niayes, which are essentially coastal lagoons occurring discontinuously along the coastal belt from Dakar to St Louis; Cap Vert, which is the most westerly point in Africa and the peninsula on which Dakar stands; Parc National des Iles de la Madeleine, which are volcanic islands lying about 2 km off this peninsula; La Petite Côte; Joal-Fadiouth; and the Delta du Saloum, which forms the border with The Gambia and is contiguous with the Niumi National Park in that country.

Parc National de Basse Casamance lies in the delta of the Casamance river close to the border with Guinea-Bissau and is the only IBA in Senegal in which Yellow-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna elata and Rufous-winged Illadopsis Illadopsis rufescens have been recorded.  Kalissaye Avifaunal Reserve lies some 35 km further to the north-west.

Ferlo North in north-eastern Senegal lies due north of the almost contiguous Ferlo South. A total of 184 species were recorded in 1996 from the two sites combined. The sites are important for Palearctic migrants including Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus and Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni.

Parc National du Niokolo-Koba lies in south-eastern Senegal close to Guinea where it is contiguous with Badiar National Park. A total of 330 species have been recorded at this site and this is the only IBA in Senegal where Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronata has been recorded.

For further details, download the country IBAs from BirdLife International.

Pages

Subscribe to Senegal

Copyright © African Bird Club. All rights reserved.
UK registered charity 1053920

Southmedia

Web site designed and built by