Conservation legislation in Mozambique is currently being rewritten with laws making provision for the following protected areas: National Park, Game Reserve, Partial Reserve, Faunal Reserve, Hunting and Photographic Safari area and Forest Reserve. The civil war in Mozambique put a stop to all conservation efforts within the country, with new initiatives slowly taking effect since the war ended in 1992.
New conservation programmes in Mozambique focus on community-based management, which ensures that local communities benefit directly from the conservation of sensitive areas. Transfrontier Parks have also been developed in Mozambique whereby areas are linked with conservation areas in adjacent countries (e.g. Kruger National Park) to form large transfrontier parks.
A big conservation threat in Mozambique is the deforestation of sensitive woodland habitats. Wood is used to make charcoal and for logging purposes, while slash-and-burn agricultural practices are also having a major impact.