Working for birds in Africa

Species

Thu, 08/28/2014 - 12:27 -- abc_admin
Comores_Map

Comoros map of distribution of endemic species

Image Credit: 
Courtesy: © Naturalistes de Mayotte

Country checklist and status

You can download and print a checklist for the 87 species recorded on Mayotte.

Endemic species

Comoro Blue Pigeon Alectroenas sganzini All four islands
Comoro Olive Pigeon Columba pollenii All four islands
*Mayotte Scops Owl Otus mayottensis Mayotte only
Mayotte Sunbird Cinnyris coquerellii Mayotte only
*Chestnut-sided White-eye Zosterops mayottensis Mayotte only
Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii Mayotte only

 

* Note that Michel Louette does not consider these to be full species.

   

Some of the endemic birds are threatened, especially the scops owls and the Mayotte race of the Red-headed Fody Foudia eminentissima algondae, which has a patchy distribution in discrete spots of dry vegetation, contrary to its counterparts on the other islands which prefer humid habitat. Some are restricted to very small ranges. Only few endemics survive in the non-forest zone. These preferences are probably related to the vegetation history of the islands. The sunbirds have adapted best to the areas under human influence, because of the abundance of exotic flowers. The near endemic Frances's Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae occurs in surprisingly high density on Mayotte.

Near endemic species (found in a few Indian Ocean islands only)

*Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti Comoros and Mayotte
*Frances’s Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte
*Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor All four islands
*Madagascar Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone mutata All four islands
     

* Also on Madagascar. Note that Michel Louette considers Red-headed Fody Foudia eminentissima to be conspecific with Forest Fody F.omissa.

Threatened species

Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti Vulnerable
Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii Critical
     

The lists of endemic, near endemic and threatened species have been compiled from a number of sources including Louette 2004, the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 ¨ 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd.

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