Mayotte is one of the four main islands of the Comoro archipelago. Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Ndzuani (Anjouan) became independent in 1975 and today form the Union des Comores Republic (UDC), whereas Maore remained under French administration as Collectivité territoriale de Mayotte (now Collectivité départementale). In a referendum in 2009, the population of Mayotte approved accession to status of department of France (95.2% voted in favour of departmental status). Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011 and became an Outermost region of the European Union on 1 January 2014.
This section of the website covers Mayotte and its birds for visiting tourists and birders. Some birders may wish to try and visit all of the main islands and from an ornithological perspective, it does makes sense to cover them together. The section Comoros should be visited if you are planning a trip to two or more of the main islands.
Mayotte has four endemic species / subspecies: Mayotte Scops Owl Otus mayottensis; Mayotte Sunbird Cinnyris coquerellii; Chestnut-sided White-eye Zosterops mayottensis and Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii.
The forests are important for endemic bird conservation, and other sites such as fresh water lakes for visiting migratory birds, some on their way from Africa to Madagascar, such as Madagascar Squacco Heron Ardeola idae and sometimes for large numbers of Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis. Some migratory birds such as the Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti and possibly Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae are of world importance; other interesting species are Crab-plover Dromas ardeola from the Horn of Africa, but there are also good numbers of Palearctic waders at the coast and tropical terns, mostly far out at sea.
The purpose of this document is to provide a summary of Mayotte and its birds for birders interested in the country and potentially planning a visit. The information has been put together by Michel Louette. Readers are welcome to submit contributions to [email protected]. You should note that the names of birds used in this document are those of the African Bird Club checklist.