Working for birds in Africa

Geography

Mon, 01/14/2013 - 22:56 -- abc_admin
Gambia_Tumani_Creek

Tumani Creek, The Gambia

Image Credit: 
Courtesy of the Gambia Birding Group
Gambia_Safari_Queen

Safari Queen, The Gambia, Courtesy of Hidden Gambia

The Gambia is situated in Western Africa bordering Senegal and with a North Atlantic Ocean coastline of just 80 km. The country is divided administratively into 5 Divisions: Western; North Bank; Lower River; Central River; and Upper River. It is the smallest country of mainland Africa with a population of just over 1.5 million and with an area of 11,300 km2 of which 1,300 km2 is water. The climate is tropical with a hot, rainy season from June to November and a cooler, dry season from November to May. The land formation is mostly at or just above sea level in a flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by low hills. English is a common language with Mandinka, Wolof, Fula and other indigenous languages spoken. More details can be found at CIA Factbook.

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