Country checklist and status
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More than 470 bird species have been recorded in Egypt, most of which are non-breeding migrants of Palearctic origin. About 150 species can be considered resident breeding birds although some of these migrate further south during the winter.
There are no endemic species in Egypt.
Near endemic species (found in 3 or less African countries)
There are no near endemic species in Egypt
One of the rarer birds found in Egypt is Hume's Tawny Owl Strix butleri which is also found in perhaps 5 or 6 countries including Israel and Jordan. The findings of field surveys are reported in the article Status and distribution of Hume's Tawny Owl Strix butleri in the Eastern Desert of Egypt (BAHA el DIN, S.M. & BAHA el DIN, M. 2001).
|Dalmatian Pelican||Pelecanus crispus||Vulnerable|
|Marbled Teal||Marmaronetta angustirostris||Vulnerable|
|Lappet-faced Vulture||Torgos tracheliotus||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle*||Aquila clanga||Vulnerable|
|Imperial Eagle*||Aquila heliaca||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Kestrel*||Falco naumanni||Vulnerable|
|Saker Falcon||Falco cherrug||Endangered|
|Houbara Bustard||Chlamydotis undulata||Vulnerable|
|Syrian Serin||Serinus syriacus||Vulnerable|
* species for which Egypt is significant. In addition, Egypt is very important for the near-threatened White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus as the Egyptian Red Sea islands hold the largest known breeding population.
The lists of species have been compiled from a number of sources including the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd. For further information on Egypt's threatened species, see BirdLife International.