Working for birds in Africa

Species

Mon, 01/14/2013 - 15:18 -- abc_admin

Country checklist and status

You can download and print a checklist for Egypt.

More than 470 bird species have been recorded in Egypt, most of which are non-breeding migrants of Palearctic origin. About 150 species can be considered resident breeding birds although some of these migrate further south during the winter.

Endemic species

There are no endemic species in Egypt.

Near endemic species (found in 3 or less African countries)

There are no near endemic species in Egypt

One of the rarer birds found in Egypt is Hume's Tawny Owl Strix butleri which is also found in perhaps 5 or 6 countries including Israel and Jordan. The findings of field surveys are reported in the article Status and distribution of Hume's Tawny Owl Strix butleri in the Eastern Desert of Egypt (BAHA el DIN, S.M. & BAHA el DIN, M. 2001).

Threatened species

Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus Vulnerable
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris Vulnerable
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus Vulnerable
Greater Spotted Eagle* Aquila clanga Vulnerable
Imperial Eagle* Aquila heliaca Vulnerable
Lesser Kestrel* Falco naumanni Vulnerable
Corncrake* Crex crex Vulnerable
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug Endangered
Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata Vulnerable
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus Vulnerable

* species for which Egypt is significant. In addition, Egypt is very important for the near-threatened White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus as the Egyptian Red Sea islands hold the largest known breeding population.

The lists of species have been compiled from a number of sources including the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd. For further information on Egypt's threatened species, see BirdLife International.

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