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Species

Mon, 01/14/2013 - 13:36 -- abc_admin
Comores_Map

Comoros map of distribution of endemic species

Image Credit: 
Courtesy: © Naturalistes de Mayotte

Country checklist and status

You can download and print separate checklists for Comoros and its islands.

The islands have a bird list of 146 species although there are probably some errors, some are extirpated and some introduced (Louette 2004).

Endemic species

Comoro Blue Pigeon Alectroenas sganzini All four islands
Comoro Olive Pigeon Columba pollenii All four islands
*Mayotte Scops Owl Otus mayottensis Mayotte
Anjouan Scops Owl Otus capnodes Anjouan
Grand Comoro Scops Owl Otus pauliani Grande Comore
Mohéli Scops Owl Otus moheliensis Mohéli
Comoro Bulbul Hypsipetes parvirostris Grande Comore, Mohéli
Comoros Thrush Turdus bewsheri Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan
Grand Comoro Brush Warbler Nesillas brevicaudata Grande Comore
Mohéli Brush Warbler Nesillas mariae Mohéli
*Anjouan Brush Warbler Nesillas longicaudata Anjouan
Grand Comoro Flycatcher Humblotia flavirostris Grande Comore
Humblot’s Sunbird Cinnyris humbloti Grande Comore, Mohéli
Mayotte Sunbird Cinnyris coquerellii Mayotte
*Anjouan Sunbird Cinnyris comorensis Anjouan
*Chesnut-sided White-eye Zosterops mayottensis Mayotte
Mount Karthala White-eye Zosterops mouroniensis Grande Comore
Grand Comoro Drongo Dicrurus fuscipennis Grande Comore
Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii Mayotte

* Note that Michel Louette does not consider these to be full species.

Mohéli Shearwater Puffinus (lherminieri) temptator is considered to be a full species by some authorities but is treated by ABC as a subspecies of Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri.

There is one endemic genus, the flycatcher Humblotia.

The humid forest on Grande Comore is the habitat for many of its endemic bird species, but the Mount Karthala White-eye Zosterops mouroniensis depends on the giant heather near the top of the volcano. Some of the endemic birds are threatened, especially the scops owls and the Mayotte race of the Red-headed Fody Foudia eminentissima algondae, which has a patchy distribution in discrete spots of dry vegetation, contrary to its counterparts on the other islands which prefer humid habitat. Some are restricted to very small ranges. Only few endemics survive in the non-forest zone. These preferences are probably related to the vegetation history of the islands. The sunbirds have adapted best to the areas under human influence, because of the abundance of exotic flowers. The near endemic Frances's Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae occurs in surprisingly high density on Mayotte, but is quite rare on Grande Comore, very rare on Anjouan and absent from Mohéli.

Near endemic species (found in a few Indian Ocean islands only)

*Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti Comoros and Mayotte
*Madagascar Marsh Harrier Circus maillardi Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan
*Frances’s Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte
*Madagascar Green Pigeon Treron australis Mohéli
*Madagascar Turtle Dove Streptopelia picturata Grande Comore, Seychelles
*Greater Vasa Parrot Coracopsis vasa Grande Comore, Mohéli, Anjouan
*Lesser Vasa Parrot Coracopsis nigra Grande Comore, Anjouan, Seychelles
*Madagascar Kingfisher Alcedo vintsiodes Grande Comore
*Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor All four islands
*Madagascar Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone mutata All four islands
*Blue Vanga Cyanolanius madagascarinus Grande Comore, Mohéli
*Madagascar Crested Drongo Dicrurus forficatus Anjouan
Red-headed Fody Foudia eminentissima Grande Comore and Aldabra

* Also on Madagascar. Note that Michel Louette considers Red-headed Fody Foudia eminentissima to be conspecific with Forest Fody F.omissa.

Threatened species

Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti Vulnerable
Anjouan Scops Owl Otus capnodes Critical
Grand Comoro Scops Owl Otus pauliani Critical
Mohéli Scops Owl Otus moheliensis Critical
Grand Comoro Flycatcher Humblotia flavirostris Vulnerable
Mount Karthala White-eye Zosterops mouroniensis Critical
Grand Comoro Drongo Dicrurus fuscipennis Critical
Mayotte Drongo Dicrurus waldenii Critical

The lists of endemic, near endemic and threatened species have been compiled from a number of sources including Louette 2004, the African Bird Club, BirdLife International, and Birds of the World Version 2.0 ¨ 1994-1996, Dr. Charles Sibley and Thayer Birding Software, Ltd.

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