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Wed, 02/06/2013 - 09:38 -- abc_admin

The following largely unconfirmed records were published in the Bulletin of the African Bird Club for information only. Some records were originally published in Birding World and Dutch Birding.

from ABC Bulletin 23.1

The following records are from late May–December 2015. No fewer than seven species were reported for the first time in the archipelago: Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus (an adult at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 26 November until at least 15 December), Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana (two at Azenha, Santa Maria, on 28 May), Eastern Wood Pewee Contopus virens (two on Corvo between 18 and 24 October), Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula (one on Corvo on 31 October–1 November), Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis (one on Corvo on 3–5 October), Wood Warbler P. sibilatrix (one on Corvo on 3–12 October) and Veery Catharus fuscescens (one on Corvo on 15–20 October). 

Other noteworthy records include the following. A Snow Goose Chen caerulescens was observed at Fazenda das Lajes, Flores, on 29 December. Common Shelducks Tadorna tadorna were reported from Faial (one on 20 November), São Miguel (up to two on 17 November–10 December) and Terceira (one on 9–18 December). A Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis, first seen on Faial on 30 December 2014, was last reported on 6 June. Single American Black Ducks Anas rubripes were observed on Terceira on 17–24 October and 7–28 December, and on Flores on 14–16 October. A male Wood Duck Aix sponsa was on Flores from late September until late October. Single Green-winged Teals Anas (crecca) carolinensis were on Terceira from 10 October onwards and on São Miguel on 3–20 October. A Gadwall Mareca strepera was on Terceira on 11 October. Greater Scaups Aythya marila were on Corvo (one on 7 October), Terceira (up to two, from 13 October onwards) and São Miguel (one on 29 October–11 November), whilst up to four Lesser Scaups A. affinis stayed on Terceira from 6 December onwards. Single female Red-breasted Mergansers Mergus serrator were reported from Faial on 30 October and Terceira on 26–30 December. Two Hooded Mergansers M. cuculatus were claimed from São Jorge on 23 November. On São Miguel, a Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps, seen again on 29 May, stayed until at least late October, with a second throughout October; thereafter, a single was seen on 26–28 November and 8 December, and one was found on Flores on 17 November. The fourth Sora Porzana carolina for the Azores was at Foz da Ribeira de São Francisco, Santa Maria, on 22–23 September, with the fifth on Corvo on 26 October. Single American Coots Fulica americana stayed at Lagoa Branca, Flores, on 14–26 October, at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 11 November–24 December, and at Lagoa do Capitão, Pico, on 9 December. On 13 August, a Wilson’s Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus and an adult Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini were observed 30–50 nautical miles south-west of São Miguel. A Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel Hydrobates (Oceanodroma) monorhis at Bank of Fortune, Graciosa, on 27 August was the fifth for the Azores in the last four years; also there were three Wilson’s Storm-petrels. A Red-footed Booby Sula sula was photographed 16 nautical miles south-east of Faial on 18 June, with another at Pontas Negras, Lajes, Pico, on 2 August. An adult Masked Booby S. dactylatra flew past Lajes de Pico, Pico, on 4 July, whilst single Brown Boobies S. leucogaster were observed off Santa Maria on 29 September (Baía dos Anjos) and 7 October (Ilhéu do Mar da Barca). A Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias was at Ribeira da Conceição, Faial, on 4 October and a Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 23–26 December. Glossy Ibises Plegadis falcinellus were observed on Terceira (up to three, August– December), São Miguel (up to two, September–December), Faial (one, October–December), Santa Maria (one on 23 September–7 October), Flores (one on 12–26 October) and Corvo (up to two, September– October).

Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were present on Terceira throughout the period (up to eight), São Miguel on 4 October (one) and Santa Maria on 4 December (one). No fewer than 40 White-rumped Sandpipers Calidris fuscicollis were counted at Ponta de Escalvado, São Miguel, on 23 August; on other islands, there were up to 28 on Terceira in late August– late November, up to ten on Corvo in October, up to four on Faial on 10–31 October, up to three on Pico on 10–18 October, one on Flores on 14 October and one on Santa Maria on 2 October. Semipalmated Sandpipers C. pusilla were reported from Terceira (at least three) and São Miguel (at least one) in late August– October. Single Solitary Sandpipers Tringa solitaria were on São Miguel on 26–29 August and 14 September, and on Terceira on 24 October. The long-staying Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus at Cabo da Praia, Terceira (cf. Bull. ABC 22: 97, 236) was still present in October; one was also intermittently seen on Faial on 23 September–9 October. Single Long-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus scolopaceus were reported from Terceira on 17 September, Flores on 13 October, and São Miguel on 28 November, with a Short-billed Dowitcher L. griseus on Santa Maria on 25 September. Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago delicata were identified on Pico on 23 August (one), Terceira on 17 September–9 December (up to four), Faial on 3–4 October (up to two) and 22 December (one), São Miguel on 10 October (two) and 21–28 November (up to two), Corvo on 21–22 October (one), and Santa Maria on 7–11 December (up to two). A Great Snipe G. media was on Santa Maria on 22–29 December. An adult Wilson’s Phalarope Steganopus tricolor was discovered at Canada do Junco, Terceira, on 23 August. For the second consecutive year, a pair of Sooty Terns Onychoprion fuscatus bred succesfully on Ilheu da Praia, Graciosa. A White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus stayed on Terceira on 6–24 October, whilst a Whiskered Tern C. hybridus was at Anjos, Santa Maria, on 31 December.

Single Chimney Swifts Chaetura pelagica were identified on Flores on 24 September, Corvo on 18–20 October and Terceira on 27 October. Two Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba flew over Alagoa da Fajãzinha, Terceira, on 19 May (with six Common Swifts Apus apus also there) and Lombega, Faial, on 26 May; a Common Swift was also seen on São Miguel on 11 June. Red Kites Milvus milvus were observed on Corvo and Terceira on 16 June, Santa Maria on 23–24 June, 30 July, 3 September and 7–19 December, and São Miguel on 20 September. A Northern Harrier Circus (cyaneus) hudsonicus was seen on Corvo on 24 October. In spring, Red-footed Falcons Falco vespertinus were noted on at least five islands, with up to three on Santa Maria on 29–30 May. A juvenile Merlin F. columbarius was observed on Flores on 15 October. Single Peregrine Falcons F. peregrinus were reported from Pico on 11 October, Corvo on 27 October and Terceira on 23–29 October and 27 December. A Barn Owl Tyto alba was at Portela Velha, Terceira, on 22 November. The third Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis for the Azores remained at Ribeira de São Francisco, Santa Maria, from 29 October until at least 29 November. A Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was at Paul da Praia, Terceira, on 1–21 November. 

Up to two Philadelphia Vireos Vireo philadelphicus were present on Corvo on 17–25 October, with several Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus also there (e.g. c.11 on 17 October). An American Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica erythrogaster was observed on Corvo on 24 October, with a first-year American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota also there on 18–24 October. The second Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus for the Azores stayed at Poco do Aqua, Corvo, on 9–11 October. At least three Willow Warblers Phylloscopus trochilus were observed on Corvo in October, with one on São Miguel on 9 October. A few American Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus rubescens rubescens were on Corvo in October (max. four on 21 October), with one on Faial on 1 November. Single White Wagtails Motacilla alba were on Flores on 15 October and on Terceira on 23 October. Eurasian Siskins Spinus (Carduelis) spinus were noted on Santa Maria (one on 5 December; two on 12th) and Corvo (one on 12–15 October). Up to two Whinchats Saxicola rubetra were on Corvo on 5–14 October, with one on Flores on 12 October. A Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus at Azenha, São Miguel, on 24 September was the fourth for the Azores. Song Thrushes T. philomelos were reported on Corvo (one on 27 October), Santa Maria (one on 1 December; three on 13 December) and Pico (one on 30 December—the first for the island), whilst a Fieldfare T. pilaris was seen on São Miguel on 22 October. An American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla at Porto Pim, Faial, on 19–23 September was the tenth for the archipelago. Third records for the Azores, all on Corvo, were a Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus on 24 October, a Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus on 20–23 October and an American Robin Turdus migratorius on 17 October. At least five Grey-cheeked Thrushes Catharus minimus were observed on Corvo, including four on 21 and 24 October. On 10 September, a Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula landed on a boat c.400 km north of Corvo. Other Nearctic species reported on Corvo in October included Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea (several, with max. five on 18th), Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus (up to seven on 17th–29th), Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea (c.13, with 10–12 on 21st), and Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla (one on 17th–18th). American warblers on Corvo in October included a Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera on 17th–19th (second for the Azores), a hybrid first-year Golden-winged × Blue-winged Warbler V. chrysoptera × cyanoptera on 20th–21st, two Black-and-white Warblers Mniotilta varia between 15th and 22nd, up to two Common Yellowthroats Geothlypis trichas on 20th–27th, two American Redstarts on 9th and 25th, probably two different Northern Parulas S. americana on 18th–21st and 24th, up to two Blackpoll Warblers S. striata on 18th–25th, and two male Black-throated Blue Warblers S. caerulescens on 21st–22nd. A Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus was found on Corvo on 14–15 October.

from ABC Bulletin 22.2

In the period December 2014 - May 2015 the following were reported. A Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis was on Flores on 31 January, with two on Corvo on 9 February. The Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, stayed until at least mid February. A Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus was located on Terceira on 14 December. A first-winter Green Heron Butorides virescens at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, remained from late January until at least late February. An immature American Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus was present at Conceição, Faial, on 16 - 20 February and an American Coot Fulica americana at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, from at least 25 January to 6 February. A Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus hudsonicus was observed on Terceira on at least 7 December. Red-footed Falcons Falco vespertinus, the eighth and ninth for the Azores, were observed on 19 May.

Up to seven Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from late January until at least 16 February. The Willet Tringa semipalmata at Ponta Delgado, first seen on 23 September, was still present in late January. Up to two Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus stayed at Cabo da Praia until at least 17 March, with one on Faial until at least 13 April. A first-winter Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus was still at Cabo da Praia in May. On Santa Maria, three Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago delicata were found at Lagoa do Ginjal on 11 February. Single Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius were located on Pico on 22 February and on Faial on 13 April. Twenty-two Ring-billed Gulls Larus delawarensis were counted at Lajes airfield, Terceira, on 16 February. A Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus was seen again at the Pedro Miguel Botanical Garden on Faial on 26 February.

from ABC Bulletin 22.1

In the period August–December 2014 the following were reported. Firsts for the archipelago include a Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria on Flores on 23 September and a Northern Shrike Lanius borealis on Corvo on 18–30 October at least. A Twite Linaria flavirostris on Flores on 15 October would also be a first, if accepted.

A Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis was photographed during a pelagic off Graziosa on 27 August. A dark and a pale morph Trindade (=Herald) Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana 15 nautical miles west of Faial on 23 August constituted the 11th record for the Azores. A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps was (still) present at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, throughout the period, with another at Lagoa das Furnas from mid November until the end of the year. A Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides was seen on Santa Maria on 7 November. A Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia first noted on Corvo on 3 October was found dead on 7th; one was on Flores on 2 October and another on São Miguel on 9–13 October. A juvenile Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus was observed on Flores on 17–19 October and a Northern Harrier C. cyaneus hudsonicus on Santa Maria on 26–31 December. On Corvo, a Corn Crake Crex crex was seen on 12 and 15 October and a Spotted Crake Porzana porzana on 18 October. Single American Coots Fulica americana were noted on Pico on 20 November, Terceira on 30 November and Faial on 1 December.

Eurasian Dotterels Eudromias morinellus were found on Santa Maria on 26 September (two), 14 October (one) and 26–31 December (up to six), and on Corvo on 15–24 October (one) and 24 December (one). American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica were observed on Terceira on 28 September, 5 October and 13–31 December, and on Corvo on 10 October. A Pacific Golden Plover P. fulva was reported on Santa Maria on 26 September and 14 October. Up to two Buff-breasted Sandpipers Calidris subruficollis were on Flores on 1–2 October. Jack Snipes Lymnocryptes minimus were seen on Corvo on 25 October and Terceira on 7 December. Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago delicata were reported on Corvo on 12–25 October, Flores on 21 October, Pico on 20 November, Terceira on 10–29 October and 7 December, and Santa Maria on 18 September–15 October. A long-staying Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius hudsonicus was still present at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, at the end of October, with another at Porto Pim, Faial, on 16 December. The long-staying Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus remained at Cabo da Praia throughout the period, whilst a Long-billed Dowitcher L. scolopaceus was claimed from Corvo on 31 October. A Willet Tringa semipalmata remained at Ponta Delgado, São Miguel, from 23 September until the end of the year, a Green Sandpiper T. ochropus on Santa Maria on 26 September–15 October, and a Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus on Terceira on 17–23 October. Three Franklin’s Gulls Leucophaeus pipixcan were reported from Santa Maria on 26 September. For the first time, a pair of Sooty Terns Onychoprion fuscatus on Ilhéu da Praia successfully raised young in 2014. A Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri was noted on São Miguel on 17 November.

On Corvo, up to three Eurasian Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto were located on 12–13 October, a Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus on 20–21 October and a Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica on 28–29 October. A Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus was (still) occasionally reported on Flores between August and December, with another report on Corvo on 5–7 October. A Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis was on São Miguel on 19 October and up to six on Santa Maria on 6–7 November and 19 December. On Corvo, up to two American Cliff Swallows Petrochelidon pyrrhonota were seen on 4–5 October. A White Wagtail Motacilla alba was on Terceira on 30 September–9 October, with single Yellow Wagtails M. flava on Corvo on 8–11 October and São Miguel on 28 December. Tree Pipits Anthus trivialis on Corvo on 27 and 29 October were the second and third for the Azores. American Buff-bellied Pipits A. r. rubescens were seen on Corvo (up to six in October) and Santa Maria (in November). A Fieldfare Turdus pilaris was observed on Santa Maria on 24 December, a Eurasian Wren Trogylodytes troglodytes on São Miguel on 7–8 November, and a Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus on Terceira on 28 October. On Corvo, a Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus was recorded on 9–18 October, a Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata on 26 October (the fourth for the archipelago), one or more Common Redpolls Acanthis flammea on 16–29 October, and a Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus on 10 and 17 October.

Other vagrant American passerines included a Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus on Corvo on 11–18 October; Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus on Corvo (up to six), Flores and Terceira in October; a Greycheeked Thrush Catharus minimus on Corvo on 24, 25 and 28 October; Scarlet Tanagers Piranga olivacea on Flores on 8–12 October and Corvo on 9–30 October (up to three); up to two Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus on Corvo on 9–15 October; two Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea on Corvo on 9–10 October; a Bobolink Dolichonyx orizyvorus on Flores on 8–12 October and Corvo on 10–11 October; up to three Black-and-white Warblers Mniotilta varia on Corvo on 15–28 October; a Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas on Corvo on 12–18 October; Northern Parulas Setophaga americana on Corvo on 12, 14 and 24 October; a Blackpoll Warbler S. striata on Corvo on 20 October and Flores on 22 October; and the seventh Black-throated Green Warbler S. virens, also on Corvo, on 19–24 October.

from ABC Bulletin 21.2

In the period January - May 2014, the following were reported. The second Common Merganser Mergus merganser for the archipelago, on Terceira on 12 February, was probably the first of the North American subspecies americanus for the Western Palearctic. The long-staying Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, was still present in April. An immature Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus was at Conceição, Horta, Faial, on 16 - 20 February at least. An American Coot Fulica americana first seen at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, on 6 November, was still present in April. An immature Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea observed at Ribeira de São Francisco, Santa Maria, from 31 December 2013 to 16 January was a new arrival. From 24 January to at least late April, a second calendar-year Green Heron Butorides virescens stayed on São Miguel. A Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus remained at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, into May; it was first recorded in September 2013. A Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus at Pedro Miguel, Faial, on 26 - 27 February was probably the same individual observed on the island on 30 September 2013. The long-staying Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus remained at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, into May.

from ABC Bulletin 21.1

In the period June - December 2013, the following were reported. Several species were observed for the first time in the archipelago, including Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans (a first-winter female on Corvo on 1 November), Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula (one on Flores on 21 October), and White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis and Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica (both photographed on Corvo on 16 - 17 October; the second White-throated Sparrow was on Flores on 12 October - 1 November). An Eleonora’s Falcon Falco eleonorae at Serra da Tronquiera, São Miguel, on 14 and 23 September, will be another first for the Azores, if accepted.

On 25 August and 3 September, single Swinhoe’s Storm-petrels Hydrobates (=Oceanodroma) monorhis were seen during a pelagic at the Bank of Fortune, 20 nautical miles east of Graciosa, with a Brown Booby Sula leucogaster also there on 4 September. An adult White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus was at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 2 - 12 September and (presumably the same individual) at Agua de Pau, São Miguel, on 7 October; it is assumed to be the same individual noted in September / October 2011 on Flores and again in March - April and September 2012 on Terceira, São Jorge and Faial.

Pied-billed Grebes Podilymbus podiceps remained on São Miguel and Terceira; an American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus was on Corvo on 29 October; a juvenile Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea on Santa Maria from late October until mid November; American Great Egrets Ardea alba egretta on Pico (one in late October), Terceira (two on 5 October) and São Miguel (up to two on 7 October - 8 November); and a Great Blue Heron A. herodias on Pico from late October until late December at least, with another moribund on São Miguel on 28 November. Glossy Ibises Plegadis falcinellus were recorded on São Jorge (one on 5 September), Corvo (up to six in September - December), Flores (up to five in September - October), Terceira (one until 2 November), with a record flock of 22 on Santa Maria on 17 - 18 December.

Rare waterfowl reported in September - December included Barnacle Geese Branta leucopsis on Corvo (two on 15 October - 3 November); Blue-winged Teal Anas discolor on Terceira (up to seven) and São Miguel (one); Green-winged Teal A. (crecca) carolinensis on Terceira (up to three); American Black Ducks A. rubripes on Corvo (one) and Flores (two); American Wigeons Mareca (=Anas) americana on Terceira (up to ten), Santa Maria (two) and Pico (six); Wood Duck Aix sponsa (again) on Flores (one); Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris (eight on various islands); Lesser Scaup A. affinis on São Miguel (one), Faial (two) and Terceira (one); Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula off Corvo (one); Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis on Terceira (one on 28 October); and Surf Scoters Melanitta perspicillata on Terceira (up to three) and Faial (one).

The seventh Red Kite Milvus milvus for the Azores was observed at Caminho de Goyanes, São Miguel, on 11 July. A Sora Porzana carolina was present on Santa Maria on 19 October and an American Coot Fulica americana (again) at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, from 6 November until at least 7 December. A Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus was at Praia do Almoxarife, Faial, on 10 August and up to two stayed on Ilheu da Praia, Graciosa, from 24 August until at least early September. Two Tree Pipits Anthus trivialis were claimed from Lagoa do Junco, Terceira, on 15 September, whilst a Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus was at Planalto dos Graminhais, São Miguel, on 23 - 29 November.

Vagrant Nearctic waders included Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus on Terceira (1 - 15 throughout the period) and Graciosa (one on 5 September); a Killdeer C. vociferus on Pico on 21 December; an American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica on Terceira on 6 - 21 September and 14 - 22 November, with another on Santa Maria on 15 November; up to seven Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla (including four at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 2 - 8 September); three Least Sandpipers C. minutilla; up to c.25 White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis across the islands; a Baird’s Sandpiper C. bairdii on Flores on  15 October; a Western Sandpiper C. mauri on Pico on 9 September; a Buff-breasted Sandpiper C. (=Tryngites) subruficollis on Corvo on 9 - 11 October; nine Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago delicata (including six at Lagoa do Ginjal, Terceira, on 7 September); a Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 2 September until at least 23 December; a Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus also there from September into early November; an Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda on Flores on 20 October; a Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca on Terceira on 19 - 20 October, with another on Flores on 31 October; up to five Lesser Yellowlegs T. flavipes on Terceira from mid September into early November; and up to eight Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius on Terceira, São Miguel and Pico.

Other Nearctic vagrants included single pale- and dark-morph Rough-legged Hawks Buteo lagopus sanctjohannis on Corvo on 1 - 22 October; single Mourning Doves Zenaida macroura on Corvo and Flores in October; a Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus on São Miguel on 9 September; a Yellow-billed Cuckoo C. americanus on Santa Maria on 18 November; and a male Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus on Faial on 30 September.

Except where otherwise indicated, all the following Nearctic passerines were recorded on Corvo in October: a Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor on 6th; up to two American Cliff Swallows Petrochelidon pyrrhonota on 6th - 14th (with one on Terceira on 26th); two American Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus rubescens on 3rd - 7th (with another on Flores on 26th - 28th); a Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum on 12th - 15th (second record for the Azores); a Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus on 14th; an American Robin Turdus migratorius on 15th (second record); single Philadelphia Vireos Vireo philadelphicus on 10th - 11th and 14th; at least six Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus (with one on Faial on 22nd - 23rd); a Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea on 20th; three Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus; four Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea (with one on Flores on 11th - 14th); a White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys on 20th - 30th (fourth record); three Bobolinks Dolichonyx oryzivorus on 12th (with one on Flores on 31st); three Black-and white Warblers Mniotilta varia; up to three Common Yellowthroats Geothlypis trichas on 6th and 14th - 15th; an American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla on 8th - 12th; up to three Northern Parulas S. americana on 6th - 14th; one or two male Black-throated Blue Warblers S. caerulescens on 4th–17th; a Black-throated Green Warbler S. virens on 24th - 28th; and a Myrtle Warbler S. coronata on Flores on 14th.

from ABC Bulletin 20.2

In the period December 2012 - March 2013, the following were reported. Pied-billed Grebes Podilymbus podiceps stayed at Lagoa Azul, Sao Miguel (up to two), and at Lagoa do Capitao, Pico (one), into March. Six Double-crested Cormorants Phalacmcorax auritus were seen together at Ponta das Contendas, Terceira, on 12 February, with presumably five of the same group over Cabo da Praia on 11 February; this constitutes the second-largest flock for the Azores. A new Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias remained at Lajes, Pico, from 30 January to early March, with another still on Corvo until 8 February. The seventh Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni for the Azores was picked up at Praia, Graciosa, on 10 December. In February - March, up to two Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, with one again at Ribeira Grande, Sao Miguel, on 25 February. A Killdeer C. vociferus remained south of the airport on Santa Maria until at least late March. Other waders observed in February included up to four Eurasian Dotterels C. morinellus on Santa Maria (with one still present on 24 March); three Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus on Faial, with two again on Terceira (one still there on 16 March); a Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes on Terceira until at least 19 March; and at least six Wilson's Snipes Gallinago g. delicata on Terceira (with four still present on 18 March and three on Santa Maria on 24 March). Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius stayed on Terceira (one) and Pico (two) in February - March. A Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was still at Ribeira de Sao Francisco, Santa Maria, in late March; it was first seen there on 3 September 2012. The second Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus for the Azores was present at Horta, Faial, on 2 - 21 February. 

from ABC Bulletin 20.1

In the period June - December 2012, several species were observed for the first time in the achipelago, including Zino’s Petrel Pterodroma madeira (one photographed at Fortune Bank, c.21 nautical miles east of Graciosa on 1 August - first sight record; previous ones were recorded by geolocators), Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma monorhis (one photographed at Fortune Bank on 1 August), Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus (one on Corvo on 19–20 October), Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus (one on Terceira from 28 August through mid September), American Robin Turdus migratorius (one on Corvo from 17 October to 1 November), Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera (one on Corvo on 12 - 13 October) and Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor (one on Corvo on 20 - 23 October).

A Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana was seen off Graciosa on 26 June and a White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma marina off Pico on 21 July. An adult White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus was present in Horta harbour, Faial, in the first half of September. The fifth Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula for the Azores stayed on Terceira on 20 - 26 November. Spotted Crakes Porzana porzana were seen on Terceira on 12 October and 16 December, and on Corvo on 1 November. Two adults and a juvenile Common Crane Grus grus on Corvo from 31 October to 2 November, with two still there on 27 November, constituted the second record for the Azores. Up to five Eurasian Dotterels Charadrius morinellus stayed on Santa Maria in October - December, with one on Corvo on 22 - 26 October. A Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus was photographed on São Miguel on 5 October. The fourth Little Tern Sternula albifrons for the Azores was observed on Terceira on 30 October. The pair of Sooty Terns Onychoprion fuscatus on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, failed to raise its single chick, which was found dead on 17 June; an adult was still present on 9 September. A juvenile Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola was reported at Lagoa do Junco, Terceira, on 14 September.

As in previous years, many Nearctic vagrants were recorded. Pied-billed Grebes Podilymbus podiceps stayed on Flores, São Miguel (up to two) and Terceira, and Double-crested Cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus on São Miguel (up to five), Terceira (up to three), Graciosa (two) and Pico (one). Herons included an American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus on Pico on 18 October; the fourth Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea for the Azores on São Miguel from 24 June until 15 July, with the fifth also there on 21 October; the third Tricoloured Heron E. tricolor on Terceira on 20 October; single American Great Egrets E. alba egretta on Santa Maria and Pico; and a juvenile Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias on Corvo from 25 September to 1 November.

Rare waterfowl included the first Todd’s Canada Goose Branta canadensis interior photographed on Corvo on 16 October, with another seen on Faial on 24 October; several Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris; a Wood Duck Aix sponsa still on Flores on 31 October and a male on São Miguel on 8 November; a juvenile Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata on Terceira from 29 October until being found dead on 2 November; several American Wigeons Anas americana, Blue-winged Teals A. discolor and Green-winged Teals A. carolinensis (including up to seven on Flores on 15 October); and several American Black Ducks A. rubripes on Corvo and Flores. On 12 October, a Sora Porzana carolina was noted on Flores and an American Coot Fulica americana on Santa Maria on 16 - 20 November.

Waders included at least 40 Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus; a Killdeer C. vociferus on Santa Maria; at least 30 American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica (with ten on São Miguel on 7–10 October); several Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla; a few Least Sandpipers C. minutilla on Terceira; an unprecedented influx of at least 700 White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis (with c.288 on Terceira alone on 13 October); three Baird’s Sandpipers C. bairdii on Flores; several Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos; single Buff-breasted Sandpipers C. (=Tryngites) subruficollis on Santa Maria and Corvo; several Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago g. delicata on Corvo, São Miguel and Terceira; a Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus on Terceira on 15–19 August; a Long-billed Dowitcher L. scolopaceus on São Miguel on 8–13 October; a few Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus on Terceira; a Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca on São Miguel on 28 August–2 September; several Lesser Yellowlegs T. flavipes; single Solitary Sandpipers T. solitaria on Corvo, Santa Maria, São Miguel and off Graciosa; a Willet T. semipalmata (=Catoptrophorus semipalmatus) on São Miguel on 18 October; and a few Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius on various islands. 

A Laughing Gull Larus atricilla was observed on Corvo on 26 August and 16 October. A first-winter Bonaparte’s Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia stayed on Terceira from 28 October to at least mid December. Several American Herring Gulls L. (argentatus) smithsonianus were found on São Miguel and Terceira. Belted Kingfishers Megaceryle alcyon were seen on Santa Maria and Flores. The third American Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura for the archipelago stayed on Corvo from 22 October to 1 November. A Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus was recorded on Flores on 17 October.

Except where otherwise indicated, all the following Nearctic passerines were observed on Corvo: a Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor on 8 October; an American Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica erythrogaster on 12 and 15 October; up to four American Cliff Swallows Petrochelidon pyrrhonota on 7–14 October (with one on Flores on 30 October); up to four American Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus r. rubescens on 15–22 October (with one on Flores on 23 October); a Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina on 9–16 October (second record); a Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus on 13–18 October; a White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus on Flores on 6 October; a Philadelphia Vireo V. philadelphicus on 14–18 October; c.10 Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus between 4 and 11 October (with singles on Flores on 15 and 19 October, and on Terceira on 7 October). 

American warblers on Corvo included a Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia on 12–16 October; a Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina on 13–18 October (fourth record); a Northern Parula Parula americana on 16–17 October (with one on Flores on 16–17 October); a Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia on 10 October (second or third record); an American Yellow Warbler S. petechia on 20–21 October; up to two Blackpoll Warblers S. striata on 13–20 October (and one on São Miguel on 13–21 October); up to two Myrtle Warblers S. coronata on 20–25 October; a Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas on 12–17 October; and two Northern Waterthrushes Parkesia noveboracensis on 6–15 October (with singles on São Miguel on 25 August and 2 October).

Still on Corvo, the second and third Lincoln’s Sparrows Melospiza lincolnii were seen on 17–18 October and 31 October, and the third and fourth Dickcissels Spiza americana on 14–16 October and 23 October. Several Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus were encountered between 5 and 19 October (with two on Flores on 15 and 18–20 October) and several Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea between 4 and 21 October (with one on Flores on 11 and 14 October). A Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus was present on 22 September and several between 5–24 October (with one on Flores on 14–17 October).

from ABC Bulletin 19.2

The following records are from December 2011 - June 2012, except where indicated otherwise. A dark morph Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana was photographed five nautical miles south of Quiemada, Pico, on 1 June. Long-staying Pied-billed Grebes Podylimbus podiceps remained on São Miguel, Santa Maria and Terceira during the period. The first Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena for the Azores was photographed at Horta, Faial, and remained there from 21 January to at least 6 April. An adult White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus was at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 25–28 March; it might have been the same individual seen on Flores and Corvo in October 2011. One (the same?) was seen in Velas harbour, São Jorge, on 15 April. The second Masked Booby Sula dactylatra for the Azores, an adult, was off Santa Cruz da Graciosa, Graciosa, in late August or early September 2011.

From 23 February to mid April, an American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus was at Paul da Praia, Terceira. Three Purple Herons Ardea purpurea were on Santa Maria from 16 March, with two still there on 27th, and another at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 17 March until 14 April. The second White Stork Ciconia ciconia for the archipelago, an adult, was at Criação Velha, Pico, on 14 December. Three Glossy Ibises Plegadis falcinellus were still at Flamengos, Faial, on18 February, with one remaining until 27 March; one was on Terceira on 20–21 April. The male Wood Duck Aix sponsa at Lagoa Lomba, Flores, from 5 October 2011 was still present on 20 January, while another male stayed at Paul da Praia, Terceira, from 19 January to at least 2 April. Blue-winged Teals Anas discors were observed on São Miguel (up to three, from 19 February to 2 April), Terceira (up to three, from 4 February to 1 March) and São Jorge (one on 18 January), whilst Lesser Scaups Aythya affinis were on Terceira (up to four in February - May) and São Miguel (two until at least 1 April). At Lajido, Pico, two Northern Harriers Circus cyaneus hudsonicus were seen on 5 March. Single Red-footed Falcons Falco vespertinus were on Santa Maria on 15 - 18 May and Corvo on 16 - 18 May.

A first-winter Allen’s Gallinule Porphyrio alleni, picked up exhausted at Porto Judeu, Terceira, in late December was taken into care and released on 4 January; this constitutes the sixth record for the Azores. An American Coot Fulica americana was present at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 19 February until at least 15 April. A pair of Killdeers Charadrius vociferus remained at the airport of Santa Maria throughout the period, where the species bred and raised two young in 2010 and 2011. On Terceira, up to three Semipalmated Plovers C. semipalmatus and a single Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla also remained throughout the period. A Pectoral Sandpiper C. melanotos was noted at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 7 June. At least four Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago g. delicata were identified at Lagoa do Junco, Terceira, on 24 January, with one still there in late February. Single Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus were present on Santa Maria (until at least 15 February) and on Terceira (records throughout the period). Two Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes were on Terceira on 24 - 25 February, with one on Santa Maria on 12 June. A Bonaparte’s Gull Larus philadelphia stayed on Terceira from late January until at least mid April, with up to 17 Ring-billed Gulls L. delawarensis also there. At the same site, a Mediterranean Gull L. melanocephalus was seen on 22 March. A pair of Sooty Terns Onychoprion fuscata bred on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, in May - June, but the single chick did not survive.

At least three European Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur were observed on Corvo on 18 May (tenth record), whilst 1 - 2 were on Santa Maria on three dates from 30 May to 6 June. The second European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus for the Azores was on Corvo on 16 May; on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, a male seen on 26 May was found dead the next day, whilst a female was found dead on 12 June. Two Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba were observed at Anjos, Santa Maria, on 19 - 20 March, with another at Paul da Praia, Terceira, on 25th. At Lajes do Pico, a Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was present from 30 December 2011 to at least 27 February. A Hoopoe Upupa epops was on Pico on 16 February. On Corvo, two Red-rumped Swallows Cecropis daurica and one European Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus were seen on 16 - 18 May. The second Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator for the islands was at Ribeira Quente, São Miguel, on 18 May; the first was on Santa Maria on 19 May 2011. A first-summer Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus was photographed at Ponta do Lobaio, Santa Maria, on 1 May.

from ABC Bulletin 19.1

The following records are from May–December 2011. The third Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata for the Azores was photographed ten nautical miles west of Faial on 7 September. One or two Trindade Petrels Pterodroma arminjoniana were reported between Corvo and Flores on 11–12 October. Long-staying Pied-billed Grebes Podylimbus podiceps remained on São Miguel and Terceira. An adult White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus that roosted at Fajãzinha, Flores, every evening on 14–21 October, may have been present for several weeks; on 25 October, it was also seen at Vila Nova, Corvo. Exhausted American Bitterns Botaurus lentiginosus were taken into care on Corvo on 30 October and on Terceira on 31 October; a third was observed on Santa Maria on 4 November and a fourth on Pico on 8 December. A second-year Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea on Santa Maria on 28 June might be the same individual as the one on Pico in October 2010; a first-year was on Corvo from 12 October, whilst an adult on Terceira on 8 December was probably a returning individual last seen in April. Three American Great Egrets Egretta alba egretta were present in October–December, whilst a Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias was found on Terceira on 31 October. A male Wood Duck Aix sponsa on Flores, from 5 October until late November at least, was probably a returning individual from autumn 2010 when two males were seen. First-year Northern Harriers Circus cyaneus hudsonicus were on Corvo from 28 September to 11 October and on Flores from 15 October into November. The first Amur Falcon Falco amurensis for the archipelago was a first-year photographed on Pico on 30 November; this also constitutes the species’ westernmost record ever. A Taiga Merlin F. c. columbarius was identified on Corvo on 22 October.

A pair of Killdeers Charadrius vociferus and two juveniles were seen at Santa Maria airport on 23 May; this is the second breeding record for the Azores — the first was at the same site in 2010. Further Killdeers stayed on Terceira from 19 September to 7 October and on São Miguel on 16–24 October. Other noteworthy Nearctic waders included Least Sandpipers Calidris minutilla on Pico on 1 August (three) and Terceira on 10 September; a Western Sandpiper C. mauri on Terceira on 15–19 September; single Short-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus griseus on São Jorge on 5–8 August and Terceira from 7 September; a Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus on Terceira from 5 May to 13 July at least, and a juvenile in September – October; an Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda on Flores on 5–24 October, with a second there on 13 October; a Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca on Flores on 22 October; and Solitary Sandpipers T. solitaria on Terceira on 19–21 September and São Miguel on 25–29 September. Two Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus and a Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla were still present in December. A Laughing Gull Larus atricilla was observed on Corvo on 23 October, whilst a Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata was seen again on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, from 3 to 15 June at least. On Corvo, single Yellow-bellied Cuckoos Coccyzus americanus were found on 20–24 October and 25 October. A Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor was photographed on Flores on 13 October. A Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica was present on Corvo on 21–26 October.

Three Palearctic species were recorded for the first time in the Azores in October: a Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis on Corvo on 3rd, a Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus also there on 13th, and a Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis on Terceira on 5th–7th. As in previous years, many Nearctic passerines reached the Azores in late September–October, including at least one first for the archipelago: a first-winter male Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera on Corvo on 2–11 October. A possible first-winter Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea briefly seen on the same island on 14 October would also be a first. Other species reported included three Philadelphia Vireos Vireo philadelphia, six Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus, the second Purple Martin Progne subis for the Azores (on Corvo, 13–18 October), an American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonata, an American Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica erythrogaster, two Swainson’s Thrushes Catharus ustulatus, a Grey-cheeked Thrush C. minimus, an American Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus r. rubescens, the third Summer Tanager Piranga rubra for the Azores (on Corvo, 23–26 October), the second Dickcissel Spiza americana (a first-winter male on Corvo, 26–28 September), a Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus, an Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea, at least two Bobolinks Dolichonyx oryzivorus, three Baltimore Orioles Icterus galbula, two Ovenbirds Seiurus aurocapilla, the third Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina for the Azores (on Corvo, 7–11 October), a Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas, an American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla, four Northern Parulas Parula americana, up to two American Yellow Warblers Dendroica petechia, and two Myrtle Warblers D. coronata.

from ABC Bulletin 18.2

The following records are from December 2010 - April 2011. A total of five Pied-billed Grebes Podilymbus podiceps was present on Flores, São Miguel and Terceira through February. A female / first-year Bufflehead Bucephala albeola stayed at Paul da Praia and Cabrito reservoir, Terceira, from 17 December through mid March. The first Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea for the Azores and the Western Palearctic was a first-year photographed at Angra do Heroismo, Terceira, on 28 July 2010, but its true identity remained unappreciated until late January when it was still present; it stayed through April. Belated news concerned the second for the archipelago, another first-year individual, photographed at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 18 - 28 October 2010. An American Great Egret Egretta alba egretta on Graciosa was still present in March. The long-staying Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias at Paul da Praia remained through mid March (it was first seen there on 15 February 2010); probably the same individual was observed at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, from 20 April. An adult male Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus at Lagoa do Ginjal, Terceira, on 14 May, was the fifth for the Azores. An American Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica was found moribund on 13 January. An American Coot Fulica americana stayed at Paul da Praia, Terceira, from 18 January through mid April. Seven Killdeers Charadrius vociferus were present: a pair on Santa Maria on 19 - 21 February (joined by a third individual on 20–21 February); a pair at Santa Cruz, Flores, on 24 - 25 February; and a pair at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 24 February. The Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius hudsonicus on São Miguel was seen again on 19 February; one stayed at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 5 to at least 15 May. A Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca stayed on Terceira from 31 January until at least 7 March and at Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel, on 6 February, sometimes together with a Lesser Yellowlegs T. flavipes. At Cabo da Praia, Terceira, a Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor was seen from 27 April to 3 May. Also on Terceira, a Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus colour-ringed as a nestling in the Netherlands on 17 June 2010 was found in February, four Bonaparte's GullsL. philadelphia were still present on 6 March, and a White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus was seen in the same period. The Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle halcyon at Paul da Praia, Terceira, first reported on 16 September stayed until at least 19 December. A male Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator on Santa Maria on 19 May appears to be the first for the Azores.

________________

The following records are from April - November 2010. A raft of >250 Wilson's Storm-petrels Oceanites oceanicus was seen off Pico on 17 August. The two long-staying Pied-billed Grebes Podilymbus podiceps on São Miguel were still present in November. An American Great Egret Egretta alba egretta was on Pico on 4 November. The Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias at Paul da Praia, Terceira, from 15 February stayed until at least 13 September; another was seen on Flores on 2 June and 12 October. Two male Wood Ducks Aix sponsa were present on Flores from 19 October into November. If accepted, a Black Kite Milvus migrans reported on Santa Maria on 25 June will be the first for the Azores. The first breeding record of Killdeer Charadrius vociferus for the archipelago (and for the Western Palearctic) occurred on Santa Maria, where a pair with two young was photographed on 29 May. Large numbers of Nearctic waders were seen from late July which, until October, included a few Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus, many Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla, two Western Sandpipers C. mauri (on Corvo on 3 September and on Terceira on 1 October), a few Least Sandpipers C. minutilla, many White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis, a Baird's Sandpiper C. bairdii, many Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos, a few Wilson's Snipes Gallinago g. delicata (of which one was displaying on Terceira on 6 June; Common Snipe G. gallinago occurs there as well), a Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus (on Pico on 13 September), two Upland Sandpipers Bartramia longicauda (on Flores on 4 October), two Solitary Sandpipers Tringa solitaria, two Greater Yellowlegs T. melanoleuca, many Lesser Yellowlegs T. flavipes, and a few Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius.

A first-year Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia was at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 5 September. Three Sooty Terns Sterna fuscata were seen on Ilhéu da Vila, Santa Maria, from 25 June; a pair bred successfully there (the first since 2005 in the Azores) with a fledgling seen on 11 August. A Bridled Tern S. anaethetus was observed on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, on 8 September. On São Miguel, an American Black Tern Chlidonias niger surinamensis was identified on 10 October. Five Yellow-billed Cuckoos Coccyzus americanus were on Corvo and Flores in October - November, whilst a Black-billed Cuckoo C. erythropthalmus was on Corvo on 24 October. A moribund Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor was found on Faial on 13 October. A Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was reported on Pico on 16 September, with another on Terceira from 16 September into November. New for the archipelago were a Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus on Corvo on 15 - 28 October and a Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata at Fajã Grande, Flores. Also on Flores, Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus were noted on 22 April (a male), 19 May (a female) and 20 May (a male).

As in previous years, an impressive number of New World passerines was reported in October - November, including three firsts for the Azores: a Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum on Corvo on 11 - 19 October (and probably the same on Flores on 23 October); two Catbirds Dumetella carolinensis on Flores on 7 and 12 October; and a Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii on Corvo on 12 - 13 October. Other species reported, mainly in October, included six Red-eyed Vireos Vireo olivaceus, an American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, a Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus, a Grey-cheeked Thrush C. minimus, eight Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus r. rubescens, a Summer Tanager Pirangra rubra (second for the Azores), up to two Scarlet Tanagers P. olivacea, up to five Rose-breasted Grosbeaks, four Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea, a White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys (third for the Azores), up to seven Bobolinks Dolichonyx oryzivorus, up to two Baltimore Orioles Icterus galbula, two Black-and-white Warblers Mniotilta varia, a Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina (second for the Azores), a Northern Parula Parula americana, an American Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia, a Blackpoll Warbler D. striata, two American Redstarts Setophaga ruticilla, a Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis and a Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas.

The following records are from November 2009–May 2010. A pale morph Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana was photographed eight nautical miles off Ponta da Queimada, Pico, on 24 April, whilst a dark morph was seen between Pico and Faial on 8 May; the sixth and seventh records since July 1997 suggest that the species may occur more frequently in the eastern Atlantic than previously thought. A long-staying adult Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, first seen on 9 November 2008, was still there with a first-year (since 29 October) in February; a third was at Lagoa Azul from 15 November to at least 10 January; one remained on São Miguel into May. At Mosteiros, São Miguel, an adult Brown Booby Sula leucogaster and up to two Double-crested Cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus were present from 8 November until February. A Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias stayed at Paul da Praia, Terceira, from 15 February until at least 10 May. The influx of Blue-winged Teal Anas discors tapered off with c.27 still present in early November and seven at the end of the month. The fifth Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus for the Azores was at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, from 28 December to at least 29 March.

An adult Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica was on Graciosa from 9 January until at least 7 February, whilst an American Coot Fulica americana was on São Miguel from 16 January until at least 26 March. Up to three Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus stayed at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 14 January. Up to three Killdeers C. vociferus at Corvo airport on 10 January constituted the 11th record for the Azores; up to two were there on 24 February, whilst one was seen on Faial on 26 February. An adult Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia occurred at Praia da Vitória, Terceira, on 25 February and a Glaucous Gull L. hyperboreus was still at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 9 April. As in previous years, a Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus was present on Ilhéu de Santo António, Pico, in May. On Flores, Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus were observed at Ponta Delgada on 22 April (a male), Fajãzinha on 10–19 May (a female) and Campo Municipal da Iajes das Flores on 20 May (a male).

The following records are from May–November 2009. The fifth Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana was a dark morph photographed south of Faial on 20 August. The Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, first seen on 9 November 2008, was joined by a first-year on 29 October with both remaining to at least late November; a third was on Flores in October –November. An adult Brown Booby Sula leucogaster was on the Mosteiros cliffs, São Miguel, in November. Double-crested Cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus were seen on Flores in October (one) and São Miguel in November (up to two).

On Santa Maria, an American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus was observed on 11 October, and the long-staying Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis at Vila harbour pool through October. Up to two American Great Egrets Egretta alba egretta were on Corvo in September–November, with a Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias there on 20–23 October (and one on Flores on 30 October). A White Stork Ciconia ciconia on Terceira on 30 August was the first for the Azores.

The third Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons for the Azores remained at Vila harbour pool, Santa Maria, until 4 June. A Pale-bellied Brent Goose Branta (bernicla) hrota was on Corvo from 18 October. On Terceira, a flock of up to 19 Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was seen on 14–22 October, a juvenile Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata from 31 October into November, and a male Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis on 11–13 June. A female-plumaged Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis on Flores on 30 October that appeared at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, next day, is the first for the archipelago. Single Taiga Merlins Falco columbarius columbarius were reported on Corvo on 5 November and Flores on 21 October and 4 November. If accepted, a first-year Barbary Falcon F. peregrinoides at Anjos, Santa Maria, on 12 August will be the first for the Azores.

Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were reported on Terceira, in June–July and October–November, on São Miguel on 17–23 October (up to two), and on Flores on at least 21 October (up to four). A Killdeer C. vociferus was on Flores on 17–18 October and up to three Eurasian Dotterels C. morinellus on Corvo from 10 October into November. Records of Calidris sandpipers included Semipalmated Sandpipers C. pusilla at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, in early September (three) and on Corvo on 16–23 October (one), a Western Sandpiper C. mauri at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 2 September, Least Sandpipers C. minutilla on Corvo, on 14 September and 18–23 October (one), São Miguel on 13 October (one), Terceira on 14–31 October at least (one), Flores on 14–18 October (one), White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis on Terceira in September (two) and at Caldeirão, Corvo, on 14 September (four), and Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 2 September (three). Other waders included a Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus on São Miguel in October, Wilson's Snipe Gallinago (gallinago) delicata on São Miguel on 25 October (two shot), on Corvo in October–November, and on Flores from 15 October (one). An Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda was on Flores on 14–18 October and a Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria flew in off the sea at Anjos on Santa Maria on 12 October. On Terceira, a Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius and a Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus were found in September.

Gull records on Terceira include a Laughing Gull Larus atricilla on 22 October and 3 November (with another on Flores on 30 October) and a first-year Bonaparte’s Gull L. philadelphia on 31 October and an adult on 19 November. Two Sooty Terns Sterna fuscata were still at Ilhéu da Vila, Santa Maria, during June, but they failed to hatch young. On Pico, possibly the same Bridled Tern S. anaethetus first reported this year on 24 April was still present at Manhenha in June. On Terceira, a first-year American Black Tern Chlidonias niger surinamensis stayed at Cabrito reservoir from 11 September and a White-winged Tern C. leucopterus was observed on 11–18 October.

Yellow-billed Cuckoos Coccyzus americanus were recorded on Corvo on 15–30 October (at least two) and São Jorge on 16 October (one). A Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor was on Corvo on 9 October, and single Chimney Swifts Chaetura pelagica on Corvo on 23–27 October and Terceira on 31 October.

Four firsts for the Azores include a Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla on São Jorge on 17 October, a possible Plain Martin Riparia paludicola on Santa Maria on 28 May, a Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola on Corvo on 14 September, and a Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus, also on Corvo, on 1–15 November. Up to two Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus rubescens were on Corvo from 17 October to 15 November. A ‘black-eared wheatearOenanthe hispanica melanoleuca on Santa Maria on 9 September was the second for the archipelago.

As in previous years, an impressive number of New World passerines was reported in September–November, including four firsts for the Azores: on Corvo, a Canada Warbler Wlsonia canadensis on 12 October and a Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica on 13 October; and on Flores, a Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis on 5 November and two Dickcissels Spiza americana on 6 November. Other species seen, mainly in October, on Corvo, include a White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus, a Yellow-throated Vireo V. flavifrons, at least one Philadelphia Vireo V. philadelphicus, at least two Red-eyed Vireos V. olivaceus, Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia, a Northern Parula Parula americana, an American Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia, up to two Black-throated Green Warblers D. virens, a Myrtle Warbler D. coronata, an American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla, up to two Ovenbirds Seiurus aurocapilla, up to three Common Yellowthroats Geothlypis trichas, a Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis, a Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus, Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea, Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus and Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula. Flores held a female Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia, a female Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea, a Savannah Sparrow, a White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophyrs, a Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus, a Rose-breasted Grosbeak, an Indigo Bunting and a Baltimore Oriole.

The following records are from January–May 2009 (with one from November 2008). The second Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata for the Azores was photographed 5–6 nautical miles south of Queimada, Pico, on 22 May. The first Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps for the islands was at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 9 November until 17 May at least. Cattle Egrets Bubulcus ibis were reported from Paul da Praia, Terceira (up to seven, January–April), Faja de Cima, São Miguel (up to 25, January–May), and Santa Maria (two, 11 January). Two American Great Egrets Egretta alba remained until at least 2 May on Terceira (from December 2008). One was on Corvo from 18 February and on 6 May, and one on São Miguel on 3 and 26 April; other Great Egrets in February were on São Miguel and on Santa Maria. At least 19 American Great Egrets have been reported in the Azores to date; the eighth, from 7 November 2005 to 14 January 2006, had been ringed as a nestling in Ontario, Canada, on 27 June 2005.

A Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis stayed at Ponta Delgada on 3–19 May and a White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons was still at Vila harbour pool, Santa Maria, on 18 May. A male Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata (apparently only the third for the archipelago), found between Tauromachy and Lagoa das Patas, Terceira, in March, was joined by a female on 24 April; they were still present on 6 May. A Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was at Faja dos Cubres on 4 April.

A first-year male Red Kite Milvus milvus ringed and wing-tagged at Marybank, Scotland, on 1 July 2008 was photographed on Corvo on 3 November 2008. On São Miguel, a Little Crake Porzana parva was seen at Lagoa das Furnas on 22 May and an American Coot Fulica americana remained at Lagoa Azul from 2 December to at least mid January. Two Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus wintered at Cabo da Praia, Terceira. An American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica was found in the company of four Golden Plovers P. apricaria at Achada das Furnas, São Miguel, on 5 February. Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius were noted at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, from 4 February until at least April, and at Madalena, Pico, on 3 April. A Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius was on Pico on 7 January, with another at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 2–4 January.

A Bonaparte’s Gull Larus philadelphia was seen at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, from 15 March. By early March, 9–10 Iceland Gulls L. glaucoides, four Kumlien’s Gulls L. g. kumlieni and 18–19 Glaucous Gulls L. hyperboreus had been counted in the Azores. Two Sooty Terns Sterna fuscata were seen on Ilhéu da Vila, Santa Maria, on 3 May and a Bridled Tern S. anaethetus was on Ilhéu de Santo António, Pico, on 24 April and at Farol da Manhenha on 26 May. Two dead Little Auks Alle alle were found at Porto Pim, Faial, on 1 February. The second Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus for the archipelago was a female photographed at Lagoa Branca, Flores, on 17 February (the first was on Faial on 12–14 January 1928). A Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis at Vila do Porto, Santa Maria, on 27–28 February was the first for the Azores. Thirty Fieldfares Turdus pilaris were observed on Santa Maria on 11 January.

The following records are from June–December 2008. A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps stayed on Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 9 November. An adult Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus was photographed six nautical miles south of Pico on 10 August and another was seen 160 nautical miles south of Faial on 13 August. On 15 August, a juvenile White-tailed Tropicbird P. lepturus was photographed 340 nautical miles west-southwest of Flores. The first Masked Booby Sula dactylatra for the Azores was an adult photographed four nautical miles off Cedros, Faial, on 1 August. A first- year Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus was found at Porto Martins, Terceira, on 7 November. A frigatebird Fregata sp. (either Ascension F. aquila or Magnificent F. magnificens) was photographed off Corvo, Flores and Terceira on several dates between 12 and 29 October.

Unusually high numbers of Cattle Egrets Bubulcus ibis were recorded with, for example, a flock of 19 on São Miguel on 10 December and up to eight on Terceira on 18 December. A Snowy Egret Egretta thula was photographed at Fajã Grande, Flores, on 11 October. American Great Egrets E. alba egretta were observed on São Miguel (one, from June until December), on Pico (one, from 24 October), on Corvo and Flores (one on each island, from 27 October) and on Terceira (up to two in December). On Corvo, a Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias found in mid February was still present on 31 July. One of three Eurasian Spoonbills Platalea leucorodia on São Miguel had been ringed in the Netherlands, but died. A Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, from 2 December was the third for the Azores. Also there, a Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris was seen on 16 September.

A raptor reported on São Miguel from 24 August to 7 September was identified from photographs as an American Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus; previous records from the ABC region include one reportedly photographed on Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, in March 1993, and an undocumented sighting from Flores, Azores, on 15 March 2007. The first Red Kite Milvus milvus for the Azores was identified at Serra Devassa, São Miguel, on 6 July; the second was a wing-tagged individual on Corvo on 3 November. Single Hen Harriers Circus cyaneus were observed on Santa Maria on 4 August and 1 December, and at Lagoa do Negro, Terceira, on 25 August. A Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo on Corvo on 19 October was another first for the islands. An American Coot Fulica americana was present at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, from 2 December.

On São Miguel, a Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos and a Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes were found on 5 June, and a White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis on 6 June. On Terceira, up to three Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were present from 17 June into September, two Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla from 28 August until 12 September (with one on São Miguel on 12 September), up to eight Pectoral Sandpipers (with about seven on São Miguel) and a Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata on 31 August. On São Jorge, two Lesser Yellowlegs were seen on 13 August, and, on Faial, a Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius two nautical miles south of Horta on 28 August. A Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius was at Santa Cruz da Graciosa on 5 September. A tattler Tringa brevipes / incanus was reported from Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel, on 7 September.

In late September–December a variety of Nearctic waders was reported, including several Semipalmated Plovers, several American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica, several Semipalmated Sandpipers, a Western Sandpiper C. mauri, two Least Sandpipers C. minutilla, several White-rumped Sandpipers, several Pectoral Sandpipers, a Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis, several Wilson’s Snipes, a Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus, a few Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus, at least three Lesser Yellowlegs, a Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria and several Spotted Sandpipers. Nearctic gulls reported for the period include an adult Bonaparte’s Gull Larus philadelphia at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, from 7 December, and single Laughing Gulls L. atricilla at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 4 and 16 June, at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 10 September into November, and at Lagoa do Peixinho, Pico, on 27 August. A pair of Sooty Terns Sterna fuscata, of which one had been ringed on Ilhéu da Vila, Santa Maria, on 4 June 2001, was incubating an egg on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, on 27 May; one of the two was still there in July, but the breeding attempt seemed to have failed. On Ilhéu da Vila, one was seen on 27 June and 4 July, and from 2 August. A Bridled Tern S. anaethetus was found on Ilhéu de Santo António, Pico, on 1 June. On 17 August, the first Brown Noddy Anous stolidus for the Azores was photographed 200 nautical miles west of Flores.

Five Eurasian Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto were seen at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 4 December; this species is apparently colonising the islands; a singing male was noted at Nordeste, São Miguel, on 8 December. The second Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura for the archipelago was at Fajã Grande on 23 October. A Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus was at Lagoa do Paul, Pico, on 29 November. On Corvo, a juvenile Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor was photographed on 13–19 October, whilst the first Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius stayed from 11 October into November. American Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica erythrogaster were photographed at Fajã Grande on 15 October and on Terceira on 18 October. A Redwing Turdus iliacus was seen at Terra Nostra Park, Furnas, on 19 December, and a Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus on Corvo on 12 October. The first Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola for the Azores was trapped on Corvo on 19 September. Two Red Crossbills Loxia curvirostra were at Miradouro da Tronqueiara, São Miguel, on 7 June.

Once again, an impressive number of New World passerines was reported. Up to five Red-eyed Vireos Vireo olivaceus stayed on Corvo in October. Also on Corvo, the second White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus was found on 24 October and the first and second Yellow-throated Vireos V. flavifrons on 11 October and 17–18 October. A third Yellow-throated Vireo was at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 13 October, whilst yet another was seen at Fajãzinha, Flores, on 21 October. Two more firsts on Corvo were a Northern Parula Parula americana on 11 October and a Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens on 22–23 October, with a second on 24–26 October. Myrtle Warblers D. coronata were found on Flores on 13 October and on Corvo on 24 October. The third Blackpoll Warbler D. striata was photographed on Corvo on 13 October. Up to two Ovenbirds Seiurus aurocapilla were recorded at Serreta, Terceira, on 18–31 October, and up to five Common Yellowthroats Geothlypis trichas on Corvo in October, with one at Lagoa Seca, Flores, on 7 October. The second Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina was an adult male on Corvo on 11 October. Scarlet Tanagers Piranga olivacea occurred at Ponta da Fajã, Flores, on 11–12 October and 15–16 October, and a first- year male was found dead on Corvo on 30 October. Rose-breasted Grosbeaks Pheucticus ludovicianus were observed on Corvo on 17 October and at Fajã Grande on 19–20 October. A Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus stayed at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 14–20 October.

The following records are from September 2007–May 2008. On 11 December, 574 Cory’s Shearwaters Calonectris diomedea few past Praia islet. Up to three juvenile Great Northern Divers Gavia immer were off Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 7–15 December. Juvenile White-tailed Tropicbirds Phaethon lepturus were photographed 303 nautical miles west of Flores on 18 October and 200 nautical miles west of Flores on 20 October. A Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis was trapped and photographed at Hotel Colombo on Santa Maria on 28 September. In February – May, Cattle Egrets Bubulcus ibis were found at Fajã de Cima, São Miguel (up to 28), on Santa Maria (c.40 on 6 February), and at Feteira, Faial (six on 6 April). A Snowy Egret Egretta thula was observed at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, on 27 January. An American Great Egret E. alba egretta was still on Santa Maria in mid-February, with two until at least 31 March; one was at Lagoa do Ginjal, Terceira, on 1 April. A Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias was on Corvo in mid-February and a first-winter Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia at Paul da Praia, Terceira, on 7–15 December.

A Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus wintered on São Miguel from 27 January to late February. Duck species included, on Terceira, a female American Wigeon Anas americana at Paul da Praia on 7–15 December and a female Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris there in February; on Pico, a male Blue-winged Teal Anas discors in February; on São Miguel, an American Wigeon at Lagoa das Furnas on 1 December, four Blue-winged Teal at Lagoa dos Espraiados, Achada das Furnas, on 16 December (two of these were shot), a female Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis still at Lagoa Verde on 24 February, and up to 11 Ring-necked Ducks also there in November–February, with ten at Lagoa das Sete Cidades on 6–9 December. A female Goosander Mergus merganser was at Santa Cruz, Graciosa, on 22–25 February. The fourth Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus for the Azores, a first- winter / female, remained on São Miguel from 27 February to 22 March at least (the first was in February 2001). On 2 May, a weakened female Red- footed Falcon Falco vespertinus was picked up on Faial but died a few hours later.

Nearctic waders at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, in December–May, included up to five Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus, a Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica (present from 24 October to April), up to four Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla, a White-rumped Sandpiper C. fuscicollis (in December), up to two Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos (late April – early May), and up to two Least Sandpipers C. minutilla (with one also at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 1 February). During that period, single Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius were observed on Terceira, Pico, São Miguel, Graciosa and Faial. At least two Purple Sandpipers Calidris maritima were present on Terceira from 2 to 20 April at least. A few Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago delicata were shot on São Miguel, including four on 25 November, one on 9 December, two on 16 December (all juveniles), and one on 13 January (an adult female).

Ten Long-tailed Skuas Stercorarius longicaudus were seen 20 miles south-west of Lajes do Pico on 23 April. Ring-billed Gulls Larus delawarensis occurred on São Miguel, Faial and Terceira throughout the period, with a maximum count of 19 (two adults, 15 second-winters and two first winters) at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 27 March. On São Miguel, a first winter Bonaparte’s Gull L. philadelphia was seen on 5–9 December and 25 February, an adult Laughing Gull L. atricilla on 15 April (also recorded at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 26–27 March, 19–23 April and 17 May), and two American Herring Gulls L. (argentatus) smithsonianus on 15–17 February. A Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida was at Fajã de Cima, São Miguel, on 11 April. Up to three Alpine Swifts Tachymarptis melba at Nordeste, São Miguel, on 12 April were the first for the Azores. Another first was a Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris  photographed at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 11 April. The second Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica for the archipelago was photographed at Fajã dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 16 April. A first- winter Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus, discovered on São Miguel on 16 January, will be the first for the Azores, if accepted. Two Red (Common) Crossbills Loxia curvirostra were still on São Miguel on 21 February.

The following records are from May - November 2007. A subadult Black-browed Albatross Thallasarche melanophris was photographed 5 km off Pico on 9 July. On 26 May, the first Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata for the Azores was photographed 16 km south-east of Graciosa; two Wilson’s Storm-petrels Oceanites oceanicus were also photographed.

A first-year Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus was observed at Porto Formoso on 14 November. On São Miguel, American Bitterns Botaurus lentiginosus were found at Lagoa Azul on 30 September and at Ponta Delgada on 15 October. A Green Heron Butorides virescens was photographed on São Jorge on 23 October. The second Tricoloured Heron Egretta tricolor for the Azores, a first-winter, was at Praia de Agua de Alto, São Miguel, on 2 October; the first was on Pico in October 1985. Snowy Egrets E. thula were reported from Fajã dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 3 October, Fajã Grande, Flores, on 22 October, and Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 27 October, and American Great Egrets E. alba egretta from Flores, on 9 October to 21 November at least, Corvo on 17 October, São Miguel on 18 October and Terceira on 19 October. Great Blue Herons Ardea herodias were present on Corvo from 1 October to 15 November at least and on Flores from 12 to 18 October at least. Two Blue-winged Teals Anas discors were at Fajã dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 21 September and five American Black Ducks A. rubripes on Flores in October–November.

At Cabo da Praia, Terceira, a long-staying Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus was present until at least late September; some 30 additional individuals were found in the archipelago in September - October. During the same period, about eight American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica were reported, whilst the first Pacific Golden Plover P. fulva for the Azores was at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 26 October.

‘Peeps’ included a Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, on 13 October, Semipalmated Sandpipers C. pusilla at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 3 August, with another 20 at various locations in September - October; during the same period, c.6 Least Sandpipers C. minutilla, c.50 White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis and c.12 Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos (with one at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 24 August) were reported. The second Stilt Sandpiper Micropalama himantopus for the Azores was photographed at Fajã dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 7 October. Still in September - October, eight Wilson’s Snipes Gallinago (gallinago) delicata and two Long-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus scolopaceus were recorded.

The first Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica for the Azores was at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 25 July. Upland Sandpipers Bartramia longicauda were observed on Corvo on 31 October and on Flores on 21 November. Four Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus and c.11 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes were found in the archipelago in September - October. On Terceira, a Greater Yellowlegs T. melanoleuca was present at Cabo da Praia on 23–28 September. Solitary Sandpipers T. solitaria were seen at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 24 September, at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 11 October, and at Lagoa dos Espraiados, Achada das Furnas, São Miguel, on 25 October. A Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius was at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 21 August, and at least a further nine were at various locations in September–October. A Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor was seen on Corvo on 17 October.

A first-summer Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis was still in Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel, on 25 May. An adult American Herring Gull L. (argentatus) smithsonianus was reported on 2 August and at least one first-year in September–October, when there were also a few Laughing Gulls L. atricilla present. A Royal Tern Sterna maxima was observed 370 nautical miles south-west of Flores on 12 October and a Forster’s Tern S. forsteri at Lajes, Flores, on 24 October. At least one of two Sooty Terns S. fuscata first seen on 16 June on Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa, and incubating an egg on 24 July was still present on 6 September. A Bridled Tern S. anaethetus was on St Antonio on 21 June, whilst a first-year White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 9 October is perhaps the first for the Azores. An Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica was seen two nautical miles south of Pico on 6 June.

In September–October, c.10 Yellow-billed Cuckoos Coccyzus americanus were reported. Common Nighthawks Chordeiles minor were found at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 19 October, on Corvo on 25 October, and at Lomba da Fazenda, São Miguel, on 25 October (two). A Little Swift Apus affinis at Ilhéu da Vila, Santa Maria, on 18 November will be the first for the Azores, if accepted. A Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was discovered at Lajes harbour, Flores, on 17 October. In late October, Tree Swallows Tachycineta bicolor, a Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus and a Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus were observed on Corvo, the latter species was also seen on Flores. Six Common Linnets Carduelis cannabina at Lombo do Vasco, Sete Ciudades, São Miguel, on 21 November constitute yet another first for the Azores. Up to 14 Common Crossbills Loxia curvirostra stayed at Serra da Tronqueira, São Miguel, from 11 October to 27 November at least.

October records of New World warblers include a Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens photographed aboard a ship 188 nautical miles south-west of Flores on 11th, a Myrtle Warbler D. coronata at Ponta da Fajã, Flores, on 17th and a Blackpoll Warbler D. striata at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 14th. Scarlet Tanagers Piranga olivacea were discovered on Corvo on 20 October and at Fajã Grande on 25 October. Also on Corvo, up to two Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea were seen in late October. On Flores, two Bobolinks Dolichonyx oryzivorus stayed at Ponta Delgada from 4 October.

The following records are from November 2006 - April 2007. The ringed Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow was again present in a burrow on Vila, off Santa Maria, on the night of 12/13 December; it was first discovered there on 17 November 2002 and it returned in 2003 (cf. Bull. Br. Ornithol. Cl. 124: 202–206). A juvenile Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus stayed at Mosteiros, São Miguel, from 25 October to at least 17 February.

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On São Miguel, a Snowy Egret Egretta thula was seen at Maia, on 21 February and single American Great Egrets E. alba egretta were at Ribeira Quente on 4 February, Povoação on 11 February and Lagoa das Furnas on 19–21 February and 8 April. A first-winter Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, on 31 January is considered to be the same individual as the one on Flores in November.

The long-staying male Wood Duck Aix sponsa at Terra Nostra Park, Furnas, was still present in April; it was first reported here on 12 October 2002. Two male American Wigeon Anas americana stayed at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, from 11 January until at least 21 February, with two male Green-winged Teal A. (crecca) carolinensis also there. A Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris was at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 19 December, whilst four stayed at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, from 8 January until at least 21 February. A female Bufflehead Bucephala albeola at Cabrito reservoir, Terceira, on 19 November, was the third for the Azores.

Up to three American Coots Fulica americana remained at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, in January, with two present on 8 April; on Flores, a first-winter stayed at Lagoa Seca on 22–25 December and an adult at Poço da Alagoinha on 23 December. Two Hudsonian Whimbrels Numenius (phaeopus) hudsonicus were reported from Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 5 January, with at least one at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 24 January and one at Caloura, São Miguel, on 4 February. A Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius was at Povoação, São Miguel, from 24 January until 4 February, with two at Lagoa Azul on 17 February. Up to two first-winter Franklin’s Gulls Larus pipixcan were seen at Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel, on 11–22 November. The first Common Gull L. canus of the Nearctic subspecies brachydactyla for the Azores, which was on Terceira from 18 February to 24 March 2003, has recently been accepted by the Portuguese Rarities Committee. A first-winter Laughing Gull L. atricilla was in Vila do Porto harbour, Santa Maria, on 4 December. An adult Bonaparte’s Gull L. philadelphia also at Praia da Vitoria on 25 January was still present in February. A first-winter Ring-billed Gull L. delawarensis in Horta harbour, Faial, on 17–18 December and six at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 19 December, with 26 there on 25 January and 28 on 2 February; there were up to five at Ponta Delgada harbour in February, with three still there on 9 April. A second-winter American Herring Gull L. argentatus smithsonianus at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 19 January, with three first-winters at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 26 January, one at Praia do Populo, São Miguel, on 22 February, and two at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, on 2 March. Three Glaucous Gulls L. hyperboreus and three Iceland Gulls L. glaucoides were observed on São Miguel in February.

A Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon was found on Pico on 5 March, and two American Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus rubescens were at Vila, Santa Maria, on 18 January. The two American Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica erythrogaster first seen on Corvo on 20 October were still present on 2 November. Twelve Fieldfares Turdus pilaris were at Planalto dos Graminhais, São Miguel, on 14 January. The third Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas for the Azores was photographed on Corvo on 29 October.

The following records are from May–November 2006. The second Herald Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana for the Azores was a pale morph photographed 30–40 km north of Faial on 17 May; the first was a dark morph off Pico on 18 July 1997. Another was seen south of Corvo on 29 October. The first Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris for the Azores was a first-year photographed south of Faial on 13 September. A juvenile Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps was present on Corvo, on 29 October, and a juvenile Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus on São Miguel, from 25 October into November.

At Fajã Grande, Flores, a Green Heron Butorides virescens was observed on 22 October–2 November, two Snowy Egrets Egretta thula from 3 November and an American Great Egret E. alba egretta from 31 October to at least 8 November. The latter taxon was also present on São Miguel on 30 September and 1 October and on Terceira on 19 October. The long-staying Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias from 22 September 2005 was still present at Lagoa Branca, Flores, in early November; from 17 October into November at least four others were found on the island.

Rare geese for which there were only one or two previous records included three Pink-footed Geese Anser brachyrhynchus at Albarnaz lighthouse, Flores, on 9 October, and one at Alchada das Furnas, São Miguel, on 22–24 October, a Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis at Ribeira do Mainho, Ponta Delgada, Flores, from 30 October until 5 November, and Pale-bellied Brent Geese B. (bernicla) hrota (probably of Nearctic origin) at Ponta Delgada on 3 October and 3 November, at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from 9 October until 2 November, at Santa Cruz, Flores, on 25 October, and at Fajã Grande, Flores, on 28 October.

As usual at this time of year, several vagrant Nearctic waterfowl were recorded. Blue-winged Teal Anas discors were at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, until 6 October, at Faja dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 20 October, and at Lagoa Seca, Flores, on 7–8 November (two). On Flores, an American Wigeon A. americana, 16 presumed Green-winged Teal A. carolinensis and seven Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris were found at Lagoa Seca on 7–8 November. A few American Wigeon and Ring-necked Ducks were also reported from São Miguel, Terceira, São Jorge and/or Pico. Lesser Scaups A. affinis were present at Pedro Miguel, Faial, on 1 November (one), at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 3 November (six), at Lagoa Azul, on 5 November, and at Lagoa dos Patos, on 4 November (one). The long-staying Wood Duck Aix sponsa of presumed wild origin was still present in a park at Furnas, São Miguel, in early November. An American Coot Fulica americana remained at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, until at least 5 November, whilst another was found at Lagoa do Caiado, Pico, on 2 November.

Six Jack Snipes Lymnocryptes minimus on Corvo on 6 October constituted the sixth record for the Azores. Single Marsh Sandpipers Tringa stagnatilis were at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 22 September and at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 5 October; these are the fifth and sixth for the archipelago.

Vagrant Nearctic waders in the period May–August included a Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 11 June, three Short-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus griseus and a Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca at Caldeira, Corvo, on 25 May, a Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla at Lajes do Pico, on 14 August, and a Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius also there, on 12–14 August, with another at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, on 6 August.

In September–early November, many more vagrant Nearctic waders were found. A juvenile Killdeer Charadrius vociferus was on Corvo on at least 27–29 October. At Cabo da Praia, Terceira, the following were seen from mid-September to at least early November: up to two Semipalmated Plovers, five American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica, four Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla, a Western Sandpiper C. mauri, a Least Sandpiper, c.18 White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis, a Baird's Sandpiper C. bairdii, three Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos, a Short-billed Dowitcher, 2–4 Long-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus scolopaceus (first records for the Azores), a Greater Yellowlegs, four Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes and five Spotted Sandpipers.

Some of these species were also found on other islands, including American Golden Plovers (on São Miguel and Faial), Semipalmated Plovers (Flores and Corvo), Semipalmated Sandpipers (São Miguel and Pico), White-rumped Sandpipers (Flores and Corvo), Pectoral Sandpipers (Corvo), Lesser Yellowlegs (Flores and Corvo) and Spotted Sandpipers (Pico and Flores).

Least Sandpipers were also present at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 13 September and at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 19–21 September. A Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata, the ninth for the Azores, was at Caldeirão, Corvo, on 6 October. Short-billed Dowitchers were also seen at Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, from 9 September and at Lajes do Pico on 21–22 September and 2 November. A Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus was noted north of Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 5 October. At Ponta Delgada, Flores, an Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda remained from 29 September until 8 October. The third and fourth records of Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus came from Fajã dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 22 September and Ponta Delgada on 4 November. A Laughing Gull Larus atricilla was in Praia harbour, Graciosa, on 9 June; two were present at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 21 September. A first-winter American Herring Gull L. argentatus smithsonianus was identified at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 3–5 November. A Caspian Tern Sterna caspia, apparently the third for the Azores, stayed at Lagoa Rasa, Flores, from 30 September until 8 October. An unpaired Bridled Tern S. anaethetus was incubating an egg on Praia islet, off Graciosa, on at least 10–19 June; perhaps the same individual was seen there on 1–18 August.

Two Eurasian Collared Doves Streptopelia decaocto at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 16–18 September, were the first for the Azores. At Fajã Grande, Flores, a Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythrophthalmus was observed on 28–29 October and a Yellow-billed Cuckoo C. americanus on 26 October; another Yellow-billed Cuckoo was at Ponta Delgada on 1 November. Chimney Swifts Chaetura pelagica were reported from Corvo (on 29 and 31 October and 2 November) and Flores (one at Santa Cruz on 31 October, two at Ladeira da Picada on 1 November and one at Fajã Grande on 1 November). The female Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon at Santa Cruz, Graciosa, from 9 December 2005, was still present on 22 March.

Two American Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica erythrogaster were seen on Corvo on 20–29 October; the first for the Azores were reported in 2005. The first Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla f. flava for the Azores was discovered at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 24 September and the second Whinchat Saxicola rubetra near Pico do Lourenço, Flores, on 4 November. If accepted, a female Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe melanoleuca/hispanica at Albarnaz lighthouse, Flores, on 9 October, will be the first for the Azores. Two more firsts included a Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 27 October and two juvenile Red-backed Shrikes Lanius collurio on Corvo on 22–26 October. A Greenland Redpoll Carduelis flammea rostrata on Corvo on 21 October was the second redpoll for the Azores.

In October, several vagrant Nearctic passerines were reported: Red-eyed Vireos Vireo olivaceus on Corvo on 23–25 and 28 October (second and third records), a first-winter female Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens on Corvo on 24 and 28–29 October, with a first-winter male on 29th (second and third records), three single first-winter Myrtle Warblers D. coronata on Corvo on 21, 25 and 26 October (second to fourth records), a Blackpoll Warbler D. striata at Aldeia da Cuada, Flores, on 24 October (first record), a male Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas at Fajázinha, Flores, on 20–21 October (second record) and a Summer Tanager Piranga rubra on Corvo on 26 and 28 October (first record). On Corvo, an adult Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus seen on 21 October could be either of Nearctic or Palearctic origin. On the same island, a female Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus was observed on 23 October, and a male and female on 24th, whilst Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea were found on 24, 27 and 29 October and 1 November; other Indigo Buntings were seen on Flores, at Aldeia da Cuada on 24–25 October and at Fajã Grande on 28th.

The following records relate to the period October 2005-March 2006. An unidentified frigatebird was reported in November. Both Pied-billed Grebes Podylimbus podiceps on São Miguel stayed into March at Lagoa Azul (from at least 3 November) and Lagoa Furnas (from 27 October); a first-year was at Lajes, Pico, on 18-19 December. A first-winter Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus was present at Madalena, Pico, from 23 January to at least 17 February. The ninth and 10th Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax for the Azores were found on Flores on 1 November and at Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel, from 18 November. The Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias at Lagoa Branca, Flores, first seen on 22 September, was still present on 15 February. Sightings of Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris included seven at Sete Ciudades, São Miguel, and four at Poco da Alagoinha, Flores, through December.

A first-year Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus on São Miguel on 21 November was apparently the fourth for the Azores, whereas a possible first-winter male Hen Harrier C. cyaneus hudsonius at Lagoa Rasa, Flores, on 8 November may be accepted as the first or second for the islands. An American Coot Fulica americana was at Lagoa de Capitão, Pico, from at least 19 December to 7 January, and at Lajes, Pico, on 23 January. A Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus was still present at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 21 December, with up to two there from early January to at least 14 February, and one at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 1-15 February. A Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla was seen at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, from at least 8 November to 14 February. A Hudsonian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus, first seen on Flores on 11 November, was present on Corvo from 19 November through December.The first-year Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda reported from Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 30 October, remained through most of November. At Lajes, Flores, a Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius was seen from 30 January to 10 February.

Laughing Gulls Larus atricilla remained in the Azores throughout the period: of the group of ten at Ponta Delgada, Flores, in mid-November, three were still present in late December; up to eight were found in the islands from late January to early March. Mediterranean Gulls L. melanocephalus were reported from Terceira on 21 December (one) and from early January to at least 12 February (up to three), and from São Miguel, from early January to at least 19 February (up to three). Several American Herring Gulls L. argentatus smithsonianus were identified on Flores in late December. A group of 17 Ring-billed Gulls L. delawarensis was seen at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 22 December. Single Iceland Gulls L. glaucoides  were found at Lajes, Pico, on 7 January, at Horta harbour, Faial, on 16 February, and at Santa Cruz, Graciosa, on 11 February. The first-winter Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri on Terceira, first seen on 30 October, was still present on 22 November.

Four Chimney Swifts Chaetura pelagica at Horta, Faial, on 10 November, were the last of a remarkable influx. A first-year female Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon was observed at Santa Cruz, Graciosa, from 9 December to at least 18 February. An American Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens rubescens was found at Lagoa do Peixinho, Pico, on 23 January. Fieldfares Turdus pilaris were reported from Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, on 24 November (one) and Serra Branca, Graciosa, on 21 December (a flock of 16); there are few records for the Azores. A Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita was present on Corvo on 23-26 December.

The first White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus for the Western Palearctic, observed on Corvo on 22-23 October, was seen again on 23 November (unless it concerned another individual). On the same island, the first Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina for the Azores was discoverd on 21 November. Still on Corvo, the female Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulesens from 24 October was last seen on 23 November and the Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla from 1 November was still present on 25 December. Also there was another first for the Azores: a female Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas, found on 30 November. The Myrtle (Yellow-rumped) Warbler Dendroica coronata on São Miguel, first seen on 21 November, was still present on 15 December.

The following records are from April - August 2005. On the Salvages, up to four Red-billed Tropicbirds Phaethon aethereus remained from 25 May until at least 15 June, and a pale-morph Eleonora’s Falcon Falco eleonorae was seen on 10 June. An American Coot Fulica americana was at Furnas Lagoon, São Miguel, on 8-16 April at least. A Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica and a Black-tailed Godwit L. limosa were found at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 11 June. On Praia islet, Graciosa, an adult Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus remained from mid May to early August. Other August reports included a Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes also there on 4th. A Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus was observed at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 3 August. Least Sandpipers Calidris minutilla were at Capelinhos lighthouse, Faial, from 30 July to 2 August and at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 3 August. An adult and a pair of Sooty Terns Sterna fuscata were present on Ilhéu da Vila this year (reportedly, one chick hatched). On 4 August, a Bridled Tern was recorded at Ilhéu da Praia, Graciosa. Three Common House Martins Delichon urbicum were at Povoção, São Miguel, on 13 April, and a male Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica was reported from the Salvages on 11 June.

An exceptional number of Nearctic vagrants was reported in September - November 2005, with more than ten potential first records, mostly on the westernmost islands of Corvo and Flores. A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps was at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, in the first half of November (presumably first seen at Lagoa Furnas on 27 October), with a second at Lagoa da Funda, Flores, on 9 November, and a report from Terceira, on 13 November. Blue-winged Teal Anas discors were reported from Cabo da Praia, Terceira (one), Lagoa Azul, São Miguel (two) and Flores (four). Other vagrant waterfowl included up to seven Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris and up to three Lesser Scaup A. affinis at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, in the first half of November and, on Flores, a female American Wigeon Anas americana on 2 November, three American Black Ducks A. rubripes on 8 November, with one there on 18th, and three Ring-necked Ducks also on 18th.

American Bitterns Botaurus lentiginosus were found at Faja dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 21 September, on São Miguel on 27 October, and on Flores on 17 November. Up to four Great White Egrets Egretta alba of the race egretta were identified on São Miguel from 1 November and one was seen on Terceira on 4 November. A Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias stayed on Flores from 22 September to at least 21 November. An immature Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus hudsonius flew over Lagoa Rasa, Flores, on 8 November. A crake, at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, from 19 October to 2 November, was not a Sora Rail Porzana carolina but proved to be the first Spotted Crake P. parva for the Azores since 1966. A Killdeer Charadrius vociferus was on Flores on 9–19 November at least. One or two Least Sandpipers were seen at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 20-22 September and from 25 October to at least 15 November. On Flores, a Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago gallinago delicata was reported at Lagoa Rasa on 8 November. Three Short-billed Dowitchers Limnodromus griseus were seen at Cabo da Praia on 13-22 September and one was at Fajo dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 21 September. A (Hudsonian) Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus was reported from Flores and Corvo. An Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda stayed on Flores from 30 October to at least 11 November and a Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria was on Terceira on 16-22 September. A Greater Yellowlegs T. melanoleuca was observed on Flores on 30 October. Other waders in autumn 2005 included up to seven Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus, a few American Golden Plovers Pluvialis dominica, several Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla, small groups of White-rumped Sandpipers C. fuscicollis, several Pectoral Sandpipers C. melanotos, a few  Buff-breasted Sandpipers Tryngites subruficollis, three Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes, one Solitary Sandpiper T. solitaria and several Spotted Sandpipers Actitis macularius.

Up to four Laughing Gulls Larus atricilla were seen on Flores from 1 November, an adult was on Terceira on 4 November, and up to nine were counted at Ponta Delgada harbour on São Miguel from 7 November. First-winter Franklin’s Gulls L. pipixcan were present on Terceira on 4-12 November at least, and on São Miguel on 13-18 November. This influx of Laughing and Franklin’s Gulls was also recorded in Morocco and south-western Europe, with large numbers of the first-named species also reaching the British Isles. Two American Herring Gulls L. argentatus smithsonianus were identified on Flores on 17 November. A first-winter Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri was observed on Terceira on 30 October and 10 November. An American Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura on Corvo on 2 November was the first for the Azores. A Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus was also seen on Corvo on 19 October. A Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor was reported from Faial on 6 November, with another on Terceira on 11 November. From 28 October to 7 November, c.150 Chimney Swifts Chaetura pelagica were recorded, from Corvo (up to 27) and Flores (up to 21) to Faial (12), Terceira (up to 14) and São Miguel (up to 30).

Tree Swallows Tachycineta bicolor were seen at Sete Cidades, São Miguel, on 26-27 October (one) and 2 November (two), on Corvo on 5-6 November (one) and at Punta Lopo Vaz, Flores, on 2 November (two). The latter were accompanied by an American Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica erythrogaster. The first American Barn Swallow for the Azores was a juvenile at Ponta Delgada, Flores, on 30-31 October. An American Cliff Swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota on Corvo on 5 November was the second for the islands. The first and second American Buff-bellied Pipits Anthus rubescens rubescens for the Azores were on Corvo on 29 October and at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 2-3 November. A Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus was found on Corvo on 1 November. A White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus on Corvo on 22 October was another first, not only for the archipelago but for the Western Palearctic. Also on Corvo, a Red-eyed Vireo V. olivaceus was present on 26-28 October and a Philadelphia Vireo V. philadelphicus on 26 October. If accepted, a male Common Crossbill Loxia curvirostra at Pico da Vara, São Miguel, on 18 September will also be a first record for the Azores. A Myrtle (Yellow-rumped) Warbler Dendroica coronata on São Miguel on 21 November was the second for the islands. More firsts for the Azores, all from Corvo, included a first-winter Black-throated Blue Warbler D. caerulescens from 24 October to 1 November at least, an adult male Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina on 26-27 October, an Arctic Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni on 20 October, a first-winter Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea on 29 October and 5 November, a Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus on 28 October, and up to seven Indigo Buntings Passerina cyanea on 24-27 October, with three on Flores on 1 November and one on 3-9 November. Other Nearctic vagrants on Corvo included an Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla on 1 November, a White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys on 25-27 October, a first-winter Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus from 24 October to 9 November at least (with another at Lagoa Lomba, Flores, on 19 November), two Bobolinks Dolichonyx oryzivorus on 19-24 October, and an immature Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula on 6 November.

The following records are from November 2004 - February 2005. A freshly dead Leach's Storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa was found at Horta, Faial, on 9 November. A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps was at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel, on 31 January. The long-staying Snowy Egret Egretta thula was still at Horta harbour / Porto Pim, Faial, in late December. A Little Egret E. garzetta was also there on 9 - 17 November, with another at Santa Cruz de Graciosa, Graciosa, on 20th, whereas a Great Egret E. alba was at Pedro Miguel on 6 November. A Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus was on Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 1 December. Three Tufted Ducks Aythya fuligula, for which there are few recent records in the Azores, were at Cabrillo Reservoir from 27 February until 3 March. On 27 - 29 January, an American Coot Fulica americana was at Lagoa Azul, São Miguel.

At Cabo da Praia, Terceira, single Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus were seen on 1 February and from 27 February into March, Semipalmated Sandpipers Calidris pusilla on 22 January (three) and 1 February (one), and a Baird's Sandpiper C. bairdii on 1 February. Single Purple Sandpipers C. maritima were found at Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 21 November, and at Praia da Vitoria, Terceira, on 27 February. Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus were reported from Horta harbour in November - December (one), Porto Pim, Faial, on 16 November (one), and Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 20 November (two), and two Hudsonian Whimbrels N. (phaeopus) hudsonicus at Povoação, São Miguel, on 27 January. A Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius was at Lajes do Pico, Pico, on 1 January. Also there was a first-winter Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia; on 1 March one was seen at Angra do Heroísmo. In November - January, Ring-billed Gulls L. delawarensis were noted at Horta harbour, Faial (up to four), Vila do Porto harbour, Santa Maria (one), Lajes do Pico (one) and Ponta Delgada harbour, São Miguel (up to ten); in late February–early March, 46 were present at Praia da Victoria, Terceira. A first-winter Glaucous Gull L. hyperboreus was at Horta harbour, Faial, on 27 January and at Praia da Victoria, Terceira, on 27 February - 3 March. At the latter site a first-winter Iceland Gull L. glaucoides was also found on the same dates. American Herring Gulls L. (argentatus) smithsonianus were reported from Terceira on 1 March (one) and 28 February - 2 March (three). Three Meadow Pipits Anthus pratensis were at Cabo da Praia, Terceira.

The following records are from May - November 2004. A Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps was seen at Lagoa Azul, Terceira, from 2 November. A Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax was at Capelo, Faial, during the second week of May. A Snowy Egret Egretta thula stayed at Horta harbour / Porto Pim, Faial, from 20 May to late October at least; another was found on Terceira in October. A Little Egret E. garzetta was seen at Vila do Porto, Santa Maria, on 28 June, and a Grey Heron Ardea cinerea on Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 14-21 June. A Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus was present at Lagoa Verde, São Miguel, on 9 September. A Wood Duck Aix sponsa of presumed wild origin was still at Terra Nostra gardens, Furnas, São Miguel, on 12 July. At Reservatorio do Cabrito, Terceira, a female Blue-winged Teal Anas discors was observed on 21 - 22 October and up to three Ring-necked Ducks Aythya collaris on 11 - 23 October, while on São Miguel, Ring-necked Ducks were seen at Lagoa Azul on 9 September and 4 - 7 November (singles), at Lagoa das Furnas on 3 November (one), and at Lagoa Seca on 3 - 5 November (two). An American Coot Fulica americana at Lagoa das Furnas, São Miguel, first reported on 14 October, was still present on 5 November.

Nearctic waders on Terceira, most of them at Cabo da Praia, included single Semipalmated Plovers Charadrius semipalmatus on 30 August and 11 - 23 October, two White-rumped Sandpipers Calidris fuscicollis on 10 - 13 October, a Baird's Sandpiper C. bairdii on 21 October (with another at Faja dos Cubres, São Jorge, on 17 - 18 October), a Pectoral Sandpiper C. melanotos and a juvenile Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis on 1 September, single Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes on 30 July and 7 October, and up to three on 11 - 23 October (with one at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 12 September), and a Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius on 11 October. Other waders records include a Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla at Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 10 - 12 September and at Porto Pim, Faial, on 4 October, and four Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus at Porto Pim on 4 May, two on Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 20 June, and ten at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 30 July.

A juvenile Laughing Gull Larus atricilla with a broken wing was found on Corvo on 9 August. A Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri was at Cabo da Praia, Terceira, on 31 October. Single Bridled Terns S. anaethetus were reported from Mosteiros, São Miguel, on 11 July, from Vila Islet on 7 - 8 July, and from Praia Islet, Graciosa, on 31 July. A Sooty Tern S. fuscata - perhaps the same bird as in 2003 - remained on Praia Islet, Graciosa, during June and was seen incubating an egg on at least 12 - 19th; this represented the first breeding attempt of the species on Praia, but the fact that incubation took place only on about one day out of two suggested that the bird had lost its partner. Also on Praia Islet, an adult Sooty Tern was observed on 5 September. Two Barn Owls Tyto alba were seen on São Miguel on 11 July: one at Lagoa and one in the gardens of the Bahia Palace Hotel. A juvenile Purple Martin Progne subis was photographed at Facho, Flores, on 6 September.

Map

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References

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SCHÄFER, H. & H. FRAGA (2002) Inselform eines weit verbreiteten Greifvogels: Der Azorenbussard. Der Falke 49 pp 240-243.

STENHOUSE, I.J., C. EGEVANG & R.A. PHILLIPS (2012): Trans-equatorial migration, staging sites and wintering area of Sabine’s Gulls Larus sabini in the Atlantic Ocean. Ibis 154: 42-51.

WOOLFENDEN, G.E., L.R. MONTEIRO & R.A. DUNCAN (2001) Recovery from the northeastern Gulf of Mexico of a Band-rumped Storm-petrel banded in the Azores. J. Field Ornithol., 72 (1) pp 62-65.

 

* In order to view and print these papers, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Contacts

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:27 -- abc_admin

African Bird Club representative

The African Bird Club is seeking to appoint a representative in this region. If you are interested in supporting and promoting the Club, have any queries or require further information relating to the ABC representatives scheme, please contact the Membership Secretary at membership@africanbirdclub.org.

Bird recorder and checklist compiler

Gonçalo Elias,

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves,

Rua da Vitória 53,

3º Esq.,

1100-618 Lisboa,

Portugal.

E-mail: spea@spea.pt

Portuguese Rarities Committee

SPEA -Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves
Adress: Avenida João Crisóstomo, n.º 18 - 4.º Dto.
1000-179 Lisboa
email:  raridades@spea.pt
PT: http://www.spea.pt/pt/observar-aves/comite-portugues-raridades/
EN: http://www.spea.pt/en/birdwatching/portuguese-rarities-committee/
 

Conservation

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:26 -- abc_admin

The native vegetation has been considerably altered by human activity such that the original laurel forest covers only 2% of the islands. It has been cleared for pasture and / or forested with the exotic Japanese Red Cedar Cryptomeria japonica and the remaining fragments have been invaded by aggressive exotic plants: Pittosporum undulatum, Hedychium gardneranum and Clethra arborea. This has been particularly serious for Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula (pyrrhula) murina which is now considered Critically Endangered.

In 1995, the local forestry service initiated a programme with European Union (EU) funding in an attempt to restore and expand the area of laurel forest and increase and maintain a viable population of Azores Bullfinch. The laurel forest around the Pico da Vara summit, the stronghold of Azores Bullfinch has been designated a Natural Forest Reserve by the Regional Government of the Azores. It was also designated a Special Protection Area by the Azorean Government under the EU Wild Birds Directive.

There are a number of issues relating to coastal sites which support the seabird colonies including recreational use, introduced ground predators, invasion by densely rooted exotic plants, such as Cane Grass Arundo donax which results in the loss of suitable burrowing ground and the  introduction of domestic animals.

Sources: RAMOS(2000).

Conservation News

20th March 2008: Europe's rarest finch finds favour

Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula murina has become the latest Critically Endangered species to find a Champion through the BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Programme. Birdwatch magazine has stepped forward to provide vital funds for the work of the Species Guardian, SPEA (BirdLife in Portugal).

Much work has already been done for this species with significant funding to SPEA through the EU Life Fund, but this is coming to an end. With so much already achieved Birdwatch’s decision has provided a timely intervention for conservation work to help Azores Bullfinch.

“It is fantastic news that Birdwatch has joined the Preventing Extinctions Programme and has become one of a growing number of Species Champions”, said Jim Lawrence, the BirdLife Preventing Extinctions Programme Development Manager.

Azores Bullfinch, known locally as Priolo, is confined to eastern São Miguel in the Azores, Portugal. It has suffered through widespread loss of native forest and invasion by exotic vegetation, which has largely overrun the remaining patches of natural vegetation within the species's breeding range. These funds will enable the continuation of crucial habitat restoration work to increase the core range of this species. The exact number of bullfinches is unclear. In the 1990s the population was estimated at 200-300 individuals. However, surveys since 2002 have indicated a rise to around 340 individuals, a sign that habitat restoration is already having an effect.

Already described as the biggest and most wide-ranging bird conservation programme the world has ever seen, BirdLife’s Preventing Extinctions Programme aims to save all 189 Critically Endangered birds, by finding ‘Species Champions’ who will fund the work of identified ‘Species Guardians’ for each bird - organisations and people best placed to carry out the conservation work necessary to prevent an otherwise certain extinction.

If you would like to help Birdwatch support Azores Bullfinch visit their online donation site at www.justgiving.com/priolo

Source: BirdLife International

Books & Sounds

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:24 -- abc_admin

The Birds of the Atlantic Islands covers all the species of the Azores and a good European field guide will cover many of them. Birders may also wish to carry a north American field guide because of the large number of vagrants which are seen in the islands.

You can purchase these and other books from WildSounds, one of the largest specialist UK mail-order companies, via our book and media sales page. Many birdwatchers are not only interested in birds, so we have added the most useful books for other taxa on this page.

*** Wildsounds donates 5% of each order generated via these links to the ABC Conservation Fund. Please order here, get a good price and support ABC! ***

Book image: 
Book info: 
Field Guide to the Birds of the Atlantic Islands, Tony Clarke, A&C Black, Softback.
Book description: 

The first comprehensive field guide dealing exclusively with the birds of this spectacular region, covering all resident, migrant and vagrant species found in Macaronesia. Over 450 species are illustrated with full details of all plumages and major races likely to be encountered. Concise text describes identification, status, range, habitats, climate, geographical isolation, endemism and conservation. 320 pages.

Media type: 
Book image: 
Book info: 
Collins Bird Guide (2nd edition), Lars Svensson, Killian Mullarney and Dan Zetterström, HarperCollins, Softback, Hardback and Large format hardback.
Book description: 

The most complete field guide to the birds of Britain, Europe, North Africa, most of the Middle East, the Canaries and Madeira. Written by one of Europe's leading ornithologists Lars Svensson (with a translation by David Christie) and illustrated by two of the world's finest bird illustrators - Killian Mullarney and Dan Zetterström. This book provides all the information needed to identify any species at any time of year, with detailed text on size, habitat, range, identification and voice.

Accompanying every species entry is a distribution map and colour illustrations (over 3500 in all) to show the species in all the major plumages (male, female, immature, in flight, at rest, feeding). The book is fully integrated, so that all this information appears on one spread, the ideal structure for use in the field. Each group of birds has an introduction, which covers the major problems involved in identifying or seeing them: how to organise a sea watching trip, how to separate birds of prey in flight, which duck hybrids can be confused with which species, etc.

The combination of definitive text, up-to-date distribution maps and superb illustrations, all in a single volume, makes this book the ultimate field guide, essential on every bookshelf and birdwatching trip.

Media type: 
Book image: 
Book info: 
Field Guide to the Birds of Macaronesia, Eduardo Garcia del Rey, Lynx Editions, Hardback.
Book description: 

Covering all the species and subspecies of birds in Macaronesia (the Azores, Madeira, the Savage Islands, the Canary Islands and Cape Verde). 341 pages.

Media type: 
Book image: 
Book info: 
Covering all the species and subspecies of birds in Macaronesia (the Azores, Madeira, the Savage Islands, the Canary Islands and Cape Verde). 341 pages.
Book description: 

The guide covers all the storm petrels present in the North Atlantic, and also Bulwer’s Petrel, with good videos and many high quality photos of all the species.

Media type: 
Book image: 
Book info: 
Aves dos Açores. Pereira, C., J.T. Tavares & P. Fernandes (2010): Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves (SPEA). 128 pp.
Book description: 

This useful book includes texts and drawings of all the breeding birds of the Azores islands, and also brief information on regular and accidental migrants to the archipelago. There are chapters about the ornithological importance of the Azores, the bird habitats and sites for birdwatching, apart from a complete list of all the species cited for these Atlantic islands. Some of the book chapters are illustrated with good colour photos.

Media type: 

Visiting

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:17 -- abc_admin
Fenais_da_Luz_Azores

Fenais da Luz, north coast, São Miguel, Azores

Image Credit: 
Augusto Faustino

Birding Tours

Birdquest organise tours to the Azores.

Guides

We are not aware of any bird guides on the Azores but the SPEA (Portuguese society for the study of birds) have a local office on Nordeste, São Miguel. They are there for reseach purposes but may be able to help with directions. Their contact details are as follows:

SPEA - Projecto LIFE Priolo; Apartado 14; 9630 NORDESTE.
Telefone / Fax: (00351) 296 488455
Cell Phone: (00351) 912737243
Mail: joaquim.teodosio@spea.pt

Logistics

All islands have airports but most international connections arrive at São Miguel, Terceira and Santa Maria. The Azores are approximately 2 hours flying time from Lisbon, Portugal and there are flights throughout the year. There are also direct flights from the UK between April and October and flights to the US, Canada and Madeira.

Inter-island flights can be purchased at the same time as an international flight and this may prove to be a cheaper option as discounts are available for international travellers.

The roads are good and sometimes very good but winding. The visa requirements are the same as for Portugal and no major vaccinations are required as for Portugal although you should check with your local doctor before travel. The local currency is the Euro.

Safety

See the following 2 websites or your own embassy website for safety and travel information: http://travel.state.gov and UK FCO.

Hotspots

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:11 -- abc_admin
Faja_do_Calhau_Azores

Fajã do Calhau, São Miguel, Azores

Image Credit: 
Augusto Faustino

São Miguel

Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula (pyrrhula) murina is easiest to see in May to September along the mountain road from Nordeste to Povoação, near Miradouro da Serra da Tronqueira. The birds feed along this road and adjacent openings on seeds of herbaceous plants, especially P. capitatum (which forms a small carpet of pink flowers). In September to November, it is possible although more difficult, to see juveniles near Salto do Cavalo (above Furnas), and beyond Miradouro da Ponta da Madrugada, on the coast road from Nordeste to Povoação.

For close views of Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea  and also Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis, a good place is Fajã do Calhau where Island Canary Serinus canaria is also common. At night the cacophony of sound made by shearwaters returning to the cliff is unforgettable. This location is on the east side of São Miguel close to Faial da Terra, 1 to 2 km east of Povoação on an unpaved road which runs close to the sea. This is also relatively close to the Azores Bullfinch site.

Terceira

The best site for north American vagrants in the islands is thought to be the disused coastal quarry just south of the harbour at Praia da Vitoria (known locally as Cabo da Praia) on Terceira Island.

Species

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:09 -- abc_admin

Checklist and status

You can download and print a checklist for Azores.

This shows the fascinating status distribution of the 296 species on the list as breeding species (38), vagrants (254), escapes (3) and unknown (1).

Endemic species

The Azores or São Miguel Bullfinch Pyrrhula (pyrrhula) murina which has the local name of Priôlo is a very distinct form of Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula which has only ever been known to occur at the east end of the island of São Miguel.

Godman, who discovered it, described it as one of the characteristic birds of mountainous areas on the island. The present population of some 120 pairs is confined to the largest fragments of native Macaronesian Laurel Forests. At the end of the last century it had a wider range and was regarded as a pest in orange orchards, being easily taken for museum collections.

See the full feature article in ABC Bulletin 7.1 and at Azores Bullfinch

Near endemic species (found in 3 or less countries)

Berthelot’s Pipit Anthus berthelotii
Island Canary Serinus canaria

These species are also found on the Canary Islands and Madeira.

Threatened species

Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula (pyrrhula) murina Critical

For further information, see BirdLife International Azores Bullfinch

Important Bird Areas

Thu, 01/10/2013 - 22:07 -- abc_admin
Fenais_da_Luz_Azores

Fenais da Luz, São Miguel, Azores

Image Credit: 
Augusto Faustino

The Azores archipelago is treated as a secondary Endemic Bird Area (EBA) by BirdLife International on account of one restricted-range species, Island Canary Serinus canaria, which also occurs on Madeira and the Canary Islands. Some 30-40% of the total world population are found in the Azores where the species occurs virtually everywhere from open to forested habitats.

The Azores are very important for breeding seabirds in particular Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea with nearly half the world population and Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii with three-quarters of the European population.

The Azores Bullfinch Pyrrhula (pyrrhula) murina which is a distinct form of the widespread Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula is endemic to eastern São Miguel. Azores Bullfinch is treated as a full species Pyrrhula murina by some authorities.

BirdLife International has identified the following 15 Important Bird Areas all of which hold important colonies of breeding seabirds. As well as Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea and Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii mentioned above, there are important colonies of Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis, Madeiran Storm-petrel Oceanodroma castro and Common Tern Sterna hirundo.

Cintrão

Coast and islets of Graciosa

Coast of Corvo

*Coast of Faial

*Coast of Flores

*Coast of Pico

*East of São Miguel

North and East Coast of Santa Maria

Rosais

South East Coast of Terceira

Topo

Villa Franca Islet

Villa Islet

West Coast of São Miguel

West Coast of Terceira

* also important for breeding populations of Island Canary Serinus canaria.

The habitat of most of these IBAs comprises sea cliffs and rocky shores with some broadleaf woodland and heathland.

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