Working for birds in Africa

Important Bird Areas

Fri, 02/08/2013 - 09:56 -- abc_admin

Africa and its associated islands have over 1,300 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in total covering an area of just over 2 million km2 equivalent to some 7% of the land area. For each geographic area, the table below shows the number of IBAs, the number of species of global conservation concern, the number of restricted range species and the number of biome restricted species.

Country IBAs Species of concern Restricted species Biome restricted
Algeria
31
15
2
8
Angola
23
14
9
22
Benin
6
1
0
5
Botswana
12
7
0
8
Bouvet Island
1
0
0
0
Burkina Faso
10
0
0
9
Burundi
5
4
3
4
Cameroon
33
28
23
31
Canary Islands
60
8
8
0
Cape Verde Islands
12
7
9
0
Central African Republic
8
1
1
8
Chad
8
3
0
7
Comoros
4
4
4
0
Congo (Brazzaville)
6
3
1
6
Congo (Democratic Republic)
19
15
11
19
Côte d'Ivoire
14
13
13
13
Djibouti
7
4
0
5
Egypt
34
21
0
9
Equatorial Guinea
5
5
5
2
Eritrea
14
4
2
14
Ethiopia
69
53
17
46
French Southern Territories
17
16
9
0
Gabon
7
7
6
7
The Gambia
13
0
0
4
Ghana
36
24
24
31
Guinea
18
9
5
12
Guinea-Bissau
8
5
0
6
Kenya
60
47
29
30
Lesotho
6
6
6
6
Liberia
9
8
8
9
Libya
8
1
0
6
Madagascar
84
72
75
84
Madeira
20
3
6
0
Malawi
22
15
13
21
Mali
17
7
2
8
Mauritania
24
15
0
13
Mauritius and Rodrigues
16
14
10
0
Mayotte
5
5
5
0
Morocco
44
24
0
16
Mozambique
15
12
9
14
Namibia
19
7
5
10
Niger
15
3
0
5
Nigeria
27
12
7
27
Réunion
12
9
8
0
Rwanda
7
7
5
7
Saint Helena & dependencies
8
8
6
0
São Tomé and Príncipe
5
4
4
0
Senegal
17
7
0
6
Seychelles
20
12
12
0
Sierra Leone
10
7
6
8
Somalia
24
15
12
21
South Africa
101
89
47
56
Sudan
22
8
0
19
Swaziland
3
2
2
3
Tanzania
77
55
39
49
Togo
4
2
0
4
Tunisia
46
20
0
16
Uganda
30
25
12
27
Zambia
31
22
5
29
Zimbabwe
20
11
10
16

Endemic Bird Areas

BirdLife International has listed 68 Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) in Africa and its associated islands. Each EBA holds two or more birds which have a globally restricted range of less than 50,000 km2 and each secondary area holds only one restricted range species. There are 407 restricted range species in total. The names of the EBAs, the number of restrticted range species which they hold and the countries which hold them are shown in the following table.

EBA name Species Countries
Albertine Rift mountains
37
Burundi, Congo, DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
Aldabra
4
Seychelles
Annobón
3
Equatorial Guinea
Cameroon and Gabon lowlands
6
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria
Cameroon mountains
29
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria
Cape fynbos
6
South Africa
Cape Verde Islands
4
Cape Verde
Central Ethiopian highlands
4
Eritrea, Ethiopia
Central Somali coast
2
Somalia
Comoro Islands
19
Comoros, Mayotte (France)
Djibouti juniper forests (s)
1
Djibouti
Dry woodlands west of Lake Victoria (s)
1
Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda
East African coastal forests
7
Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania
East Malagasy wet forests
23
Madagascar
East Malagasy wetlands
8
Madagascar
Eastern Zaire lowlands
6
Congo, DRC, Uganda
Eastern Zimbabwean mountains
3
Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Gabon-Cabinda coast (s)
1
Angola, Congo, DRC, Gabon
Gough Island
2
St Helena (UK)
Granitic Seychelles
12
Seychelles
Ile Sainte-Marie (s)
1
Madagascar
Isalo massif (s)
1
Madagascar
Jubba and Shabeelle valleys
4
Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia
Kakamega and Nandi forests (s)
1
Kenya
Karoo (s)
1
Namibia, South Africa
Kenyan mountains
9
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
Kilombero floodplain (s)
1
Tanzania
Lake Lufira (s)
1
Congo, DRC
Lesotho highlands
3
Lesotho, South Africa
Lower Niger valley (s)
1
Nigeria
Mauritius
10
Mauritius
Madeira and Canary Islands
10
Portugal, Spain
Mount Kulal (s)
1
Kenya
Namib desert (s)
1
Namibia
Namibian escarpment (s)
1
Angola, Namibia
North Algerian mountains (s)
1
Algeria
North Kenyan short grass plains (s)
1
Kenya
North Somali mountains
3
Somalia
North Uganda swamps (s)
1
Uganda
North-east Sudan (s)
1
Sudan
North-east Uganda (s)
1
Uganda
Northern Ethiopia (s)
1
Ethiopia, Somalia
North-west Somalia (s)
1
Somalia
North-west Zambia (s)
1
Zambia
Pemba
4
Tanzania
Príncipe
12
São Tomé and Príncipe
Réunion
7
Réunion (France)
Rodrigues
2
Mauritius
São Tomé
21
São Tomé and Príncipe
Serengeti plains
6
Kenya, Tanzania
South African forests
7
Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland
South Ethiopian highlands
5
Ethiopia
South Malagasy spiny forests
10
Madagascar
South-east African coast
4
Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
South African grasslands
3
Lesotho, South Africa
Southern Zambia (s)
1
Zambia
South-west Nigeria (s)
1
Nigeria
South-west Tanzanian swamps (s)
1
Tanzania, Zambia
St Helena (s)
1
St Helena (UK)
Tanzania- Malawi mountains
37
Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia
Tristan Islands
4
St Helena (UK)
Upemba plains (s)
1
Congo, DRC
Upper Guinea forests
15
Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone
Upper Niger valley (s)
1
Mali, Senegal
West Malagasy dry forests
8
Madagascar
West Malagasy wetlands
7
Madagascar
West Zaire and North Angola forests (s)
1
Angola, DRC
Western Angola
14
Namibia, Angola

Notes:

DRC=Democratic Republic of the Congo

(s)=Secondary Area.

BIOMES

There are 15 biomes in Africa each with a number of species whose range is restricted to that biome. In total, 974 species are restricted to a particular biome. The names of the biomes and the number of restricted range species in each is shown in the table below.

Biome Species
Mediterranean
17
Sahara-Sindian
22
Sahel
16
Sudan-Guinea savanna
54
Guinea-Congo forests
278
Lake Victoria basin
12
Afrotropical highlands
228
Somali Masai
129
East African coast
36
Zambezian
67
Kalahari highveld
13
Namib-Karoo
23
Fynbos
9
West Malagasy
24
East Malagasy
46

 

Source: BirdLife International 2000 and FISHPOOL, L.D.C. and EVANS M.I. (2001).

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