In June-September 1996, Project Elgon '96, an Aberdeen University expedition, studied human impact on the flora and fauna of Mt. Elgon's montane forest, east Uganda. Mt. Elgon, Africa's eighth highest mountain at 4,321 m, is an extinct volcano straddling the Ugandan - Kenyan border. The mountain plays an important role, supplying water, timber and other forest products to the inhabitants of the area. Recently established as a National Park, it also supports a rich flora and fauna, in need of conservation. Prevention of habitat degeneration and species loss is particularly vital as pressure increases on the park to provide water, timber and tourist income, for an increasing population.