Tanzania is one of the best birding countries in Africa, and the East Usambara mountains one of its ornithological gems. They lie in the north-east, within sight of the Indian Ocean and 50 km from the Kenyan border. Despite severe deforestation they retain evergreen forests of outstanding importance and great beauty. Two Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) meet here - the montane forests of the 'Eastern Arc' and the lowland or 'Coastal' forests. Recent articles in Bull. ABC have covered birding elsewhere in the Eastern Arc and Coastal forests but the East Usambaras are perhaps unique in offering such an array of specialities from both EBAs.