Summary. The Critically Endangered Madagascar Pochard Aythya innotata was rediscovered in November 2006 on a small shallow lake in northern Madagascar, where up to five males, four females and four young c.2 weeks old were observed. When the site was revisited in December, c.20 individuals were noted and five were found at another lake, 3 km away. In January 2007, a total of 16 birds, including two young, was counted. The total number of Madagasar Pochards during the three visits is estimated at 20-25 individuals. Other threatened waterbirds present at the site included c.60 Madagascar Little Grebes Tachybaptus pelzenii, 21 Madagascar Pond Herons Ardeola idae, 11 Meller's Ducks Anas melleri and three Madagascar Rails Rallus madagascariensis.