First record of Desert Eagle Owl Bubo (bubo) ascalaphus for Burkina Faso. On 21 February 2005 we flushed two Desert Eagle Owls Bubo (bubo) ascalaphus from a small bushy tree in the Markoye area of northernmost Burkina Faso (14°43'N 00°00). The birds were seen again, and one of them photographed, on 23 March and 16 and 21 November 2005. This is the first record of this species for the country. The nearest known sites, both in Mali, are Hombori-Douentza and Gao, 200-300 km west-northwest and 180 km north of Markoye, respectively.